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Khf kenya irrigation_mandera_presentation_ir_31_oct08


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My presenttaion on Irrigation Projects IRK accomplished in Mandera (N.E. Kenya) to Humanitarian Forum in Nairobi

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Khf kenya irrigation_mandera_presentation_ir_31_oct08

  1. 1. Islamic Relief KenyaIrrigation Projects in Mandera Lessons learned Presented by: Yesuf Abdella Mohammed IRK, Head of Mission Friday, October 31, 2008 y, , Nairobi, Kenya
  2. 2. Content1. Overview of IR operation area2. IR’s Programmes in Mandera3. Irrigation in Mandera Baseline Info Mandera-4. Overall objective of irrigation projects & their location Current staffing & office structure5. The Process6. Detailed information, progress/achievement per project7. Simple cost benefit analysis (CBA)8. Challenges encountered & corrective measures9. Lessons learned, recommendation & future direction10.10 Key messages
  3. 3. 1. Overview of IR Operational area M d Mandera • Pop= 311,777; • Drought recurrence followed by flood become very frequent • 70 % pop. relief dependent • 4 clans (3main) • IR O Operates in 7 out t i t of 18 Divisions (106,000 benef.) • Other INGOs; AAH AAH, SC/UK, VSF • Pastoralism & the mainstayy
  4. 4. IRK operation area Mandera district
  5. 5. Mandera T iM d Triangle l Mandera- Kenya
  6. 6. Characterized by Recurrence of drought & floods
  7. 7. 2. IR’s Programmes in Mandera1. Nutrition2.2 WATSAN3. Livelihood a. I i t d Agriculture Irrigated A i lt b. Micro-Credit4. Orphans5. Education
  8. 8. 3. 3 IRRIGATION IN MANDERA Baseline info of irrigation• Daua River bounds Kenya & Eth along Mandera district for 150Km• Flows 9 months/yr in normal years• Annual rainfall 250mm distributed into 2 rainy seasons ( y (Long: April- g p June and Short: October- November)• 3 cropping seasons possible per year by irrigation due to short growing period (Temperature Avg. 32 but can go a high as 39; hence high photosynthesis and h h t th i d hence ET)• Land owned by county council but by town council in central division• Soils: Reddish varying texture; fine sandy loamy or clay & v. calcareous (salinity along Daua R)• Flat topography and subject for flooding in low lying areas• Intl river posing problem of not putting permanent diversion dam• Traditional irrigation practice using low head pumps• Potentially irrigable area 10,500ha (Irrigation Dept)
  9. 9. Daua R. flows 9 months/yr
  10. 10. Transportation on Daua R. when full
  11. 11. 4.4 Overall objective of irrigation projects & their locationImprove food security of vulnerableagro pastoralagro-pastoral dropouts throughenhanced livelihood activities toenable them lead a self reliant lifewhile contributing to sustainedeconomy of th t f the target locations and tl ti dthe broader Mandera District
  12. 12. Project sites/locations ECHO funded ongoing Qatar Ch i Q Charity funded - ongoing 1stt pilot IR il funded completed
  14. 14. The process cont…• MOU signed with the MoWI, PS• Community, local admin and MoA together with IR staffs identified agreed upon project area/site & 60 beneficiaries• Beneficiaries organized in 6 Irr groups ea 10 members Irr.• Beneficiaries selected 20 early adopters/group leaders for exchange visit to similar areas with success story• Exchange visit organized by the MoWI funding and facilitation• Participants of exchange visit shared lessons to all other members• Beneficiaries discussed on the planned actives and clear roles and responsibilities crafted- direct support of IR’s inputs (apart from technical) ending after one cropping season• MOU signed between irr groups and IR• Survey and design of canal, pump site etc concluded by IR/community• Beneficiaries mobilized for action
  15. 15. Mobilization & capacity building at Sala
  16. 16. Bush clearing by community
  17. 17. Bush clearing by community cont…
  18. 18. Land Preparation cont… pTractor Ploughing land for irrigation
  19. 19. Handover of inputsIRK staff interprets the pump Girrisa central farmerscharacteristics to farmers posing for a photo afterand Rhamu during handing nd Rh m d ing h nding receiving seeds from IRK e ei ing eed f omover
  20. 20. O&M Training at Rhamu
  21. 21. Testing of pump after training
  22. 22. Communities constructing canal
  23. 23. Preparation of basins & furrows
  24. 24. Unprecedented community participation/contribution
  25. 25. Canals at operationC l t ti
  26. 26. Irrigation system functioning
  27. 27. Irrigation system functioning Cont…IRK staff inspecting maize at Stilling basin at RhamuYabicho
  28. 28. Crop under hC d harvest t
  29. 29. Crop under hC d harvest t
  30. 30. Farmer picking tomatoes & cattle feeding from crop aftermath
  31. 31. 2007 World Food Day Celebrated at IR funded Irrigation Project
  32. 32. 6. Detailed information progress/achievement per p j p project
  33. 33. ( IR funded 1st pilot project- impl. in i l i 2007)Project Total Area in Benefic. StatusLocation C Cost Acre HH Euros BecomeHareri 44,000 60 60 (6 Irr. operational & Group & run by 6 pump) beneficiaries b fi i iTotal 44,000 60
  34. 34. ( Qatar Charity funded 2008 ) funded-Project cost location Ben. HHs Status Girrisa 45 1st harvest Rhamu 45 1st harvest115,000 Shantole Sh t l 45 1st h harvest t Yabicho 45 1st harvestTotal 180 (18 Irr Group &Cost 115,000 pumps
  35. 35. Activities/achievements of Qatar Charity ProjectMobilized, selected , registered & formed 18Small Irrigation groups of 10 farmers eachAssorted farm tools and equipmentdistributed to 180 farmersSupported 180 farmers to reclaim over 180acres of land thro’ hiring a tractor for landpreparationCanal construction and land preparation byfarmers
  36. 36. Activities/achievements of Qatar Charity Project Cont …18 pump set ea 8 HP capacity & 17lt/seccapacity distributedTrainedT i d over 72 pump operators across th t the18 farmers groups on Pump operation andmaintenanceConstructed over 15 Pump seats and stillingbasinsProcured and distributed over 1.5 tons ofassorted seeds
  37. 37. Activities/achievements of Qatar Charity Project Cont …IR has so far distributed 40L of Dieselper farmer to 180 farmers (7200 lt)Changed the notion of farmers frombeing recipients of hand to mouth relieffood to self sufficiencyImproved in nutritional status & incomeBenefited the general public throughsupply of food/fodder-market exchange
  38. 38. ECHO Funded- 2008/9Project location No. of Status(IFSDAA) Ben./ Acre Sala 150/150 Canal con. on going, going pump mobilized, land prepared, cropsIrrigation p planted using RF g Qumbiso 120/120 ,, ,, ,,Cost: 276,000Euros (out of700,000 Euros Hareri 130/130 ,, ,, ,,ECHO fundedproject)Total; 400/400
  39. 39. Indicators of result ECHO funded project:• 400 vulnerable farmers supported to engage in irrigated farming to become food secure within one farming season (2 Irr seasons).• 400 acres of land put under food crops and fodder cultivation• 324 MT of foods and 400 MT of fodder harvested per irr. seasonActivities related to the result• Community mobilisation and beneficiary selection• Survey, design & construction of canals & pump seats• Land preparation• Installation of irrigation pump sets• Supply of fuel and engine oil for pump sets• Training of farmers in extension & pump set operation• Supply of certified seeds & limited pesticides
  40. 40. ECHO project progress to date• 40 irrigation groups formed• 400 Acre reclaimed through bush clearing• 160 Acres planted using the recent rains,• Hand tools distributed to all 400• Pumps seat and canal design on progress P t d ld i• Procurement of 30 pump sets at its final stage & installation to start this week• 4000 lt of fuel distributed• 40 Farmers Field School (FFS) formed
  41. 41. 7. CBA in Euros for HH at 2MT/Acre/season ( (2-3 production seasons/yr possible) p y p )Productio Cost/yr Gross GM/Acren in Mt income•Maize 184 192 2882MT/Acre/ +season 280•Fodder/ crop 472aftermathVegetablesV t bl 333 900 567
  42. 42. 8. 8 Challenges encountered &corrective measures undertakenSoil Salinity- Irr Water Mgt, select non saline affectedareaFloods- select areas less prone to flooding for p girrigation and locate pumps in safe/protected siteInsect and pest- IPMLoose of water through seepage canal lining & water seepage-mgt trainingLow level of education, hence poor adoption rates tomodern technology. gyCulture/land tenure; practice unfavorable to womenbeneficiaries- sensitization and awareness raisingPoor market infrastructuresConflict and insecurity in Mandera and Somalia
  43. 43. Major farm level challenges– S li it Salinity– Insect & Pest– Loose of water through seepage
  44. 44. 8. Lessons learned, recommendation & future direction• Animal traction through (DAT) to complement land preparation by tractor• Diversification of crops through mixed or intercropping to increase output p unit pp g p per area.• Growing high value crops such as Oil crops sunflower, cotton, simsim, f it & fl tt i i fruit vegetable
  45. 45. Lessons learned, recommendation & future direction cont…• Promote production of fodder, encourage seed bulking and fodder banking• Addition of value to crops through processing incases of oil or fruit crops.• Utili ti of crop b Utilization f by-products as f dd d t fodder (cotton, simsim & sunflower cake and maize stalks)• Use of farmyard manure to enrich soil fertility hence promoting sustainable organic farming
  46. 46. Recommendations• Permanent lining on the canals & stilling b i to reduce water P li i h l illi basins d loss through surface seepage & erosion control• DAT (Draught Animal Technology) be re-introduced in the region• Promote seed bulking and fodder banking for both exotic and indigenous crops (S d grass, P l millet, G i di (Sudan Pearl ill t Green l f leaf desmodium, Green gram ,pigeon peas, cow peas)• More funds be geared towards improvement in market information, links and opportunities for the farm produce.• Soil fertility, salinity and water management strategies be strengthened. t th d
  47. 47. Future Directions• Training farmers on Good Agronomic practices• Formation of farmers co-operatives for effective/efficient input output market ff i / ffi i i k• Setting up more Farmers Field Schools or Common interest groups that will act as centers of extension education/dissemination of modern farming techniques• Training of trainees and community Ag. extension g y g workers to improve farmers production skill and knowledge• Close monitoring of early warning info for g y g contingency plan incase of failure rains in Ethiopian highlands• Replication of same efforts in collaboration with p ALRMP & COCOOP making use of EMOP FFW
  48. 48. 9. Key messages• Good intentions of saving lives through food aid (but if improperly managed/targeted) can kill livelihood; hence dependency syndromes• W should push f such l We h ld h for h long term interventions t cut t i t ti to t the adverse impacts of recurrent droughts from happening as vulnerables who already run out of asset can easily fallback• In doing so we can also ensure channeling aid with all the dignity and self-reliance• Given the current hicks of food price and its p unavailability in the market good to think of producing crops within 3 months• Irrigation is only one of the number of alt livelihood options for ASAL areas hence not a panacea Need to areas- panacea. explore other options while tapping irrigation opportunity.