Midloe Grange Farm: Nutrient Management Case Study

458 views

Published on

This presentation formed part of the Farming Futures workshop 'Cropping Climate Change: Making business sense of nitrous oxide and the nitrogen cycle'

March 5th 2010

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
458
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Midloe Grange Farm: Nutrient Management Case Study

  1. 1. At a County Level…. ‘Priority Catchments’
  2. 2. At a Parish Level….
  3. 3. At a Farm Level….
  4. 4. IFM is... Organisation Public & Planning Soil Image Management & Fertility Integrated Wildlife & Crop Farm Landscape Protection Management Management Pollution Animal Control & By- Product Husbandry Management Energy Efficiency • Monitoring • Advice • Planning • Communication See later sections
  5. 5. What are we doing on our 2 3 farm? 5 4 9 8 10 1 7 6
  6. 6. 1.Managing The Spraying Operation
  7. 7. SMR 9: “Best Practice” “Approved products” “Integrated Control” “Drift” RECORDS (Also to meet SMR 11) PB 11090 08459 55600 www.defra.gov.uk
  8. 8. Getting The Most Out of Your Spraying Operation PRODUCT BIOLOGICAL PERFORMANCE 50% 50% SPRAYER NOZZLE INHERENT EFFICACY TIMING SET UP CHOICE
  9. 9. Differences in AI Nozzles 03 AI Nozzles 3 Bar pressure
  10. 10. FAST SLOW 12 KPH 10 KPH
  11. 11. FAST SLOW 12 KPH 10 KPH
  12. 12. Brand new store Recycling/container bin Splash Water tank Drain to a sump for disposal catchers Work surface w. groundwater permit Dedicated filling area
  13. 13. Crop Protection HELPING TO AVOID RESISTANCE • PLANNING • Varietal resistance • Cultural controls • Modes of action • Appropriate timing / rates / product
  14. 14. MONITORING / KNOWLEDGE
  15. 15. Washing down the sprayer to avoid pollution…
  16. 16. 1. Managing Landscape – For ELS……
  17. 17. 2. Managing Hedges & Ditches
  18. 18. Managing Landscape – For HLS its about DELIVERY…
  19. 19. 2. Managing Margins, Hedges & Ditches For HLS
  20. 20. Beds / Cambs Claylands: BAP Targets Grey Partridge Reed Bunting Lapwing Bullfinch Corn Bunting Water Vole Skylark Brown Hare Turtle Dove Dormouse Tree Sparrow Bats Breeding Snipe Bumblebees Yellow Wagtail Moths (White Spotted Pinion Great Crested Newt All need feeding and breeding areas on the farm……..
  21. 21. 3. Locally important species / BAPS
  22. 22. 4. Water is a key feature for: Landscape Historic interest Aquatic wildlife Dragonflies Insects, and therefore Many bird species, so Needs protection Needs maintenance
  23. 23. SUDS – Silt Traps
  24. 24. SUDS – Run-off Buffers
  25. 25. SUDS – Flow Restriction
  26. 26. 5. Managing Historical Areas Archaeological Features on grassland – HD5 £16 / Ha Maintenance of Species Rich Grassland – HK6 £200 / Ha
  27. 27. 6. Managing Sensitive Areas for Bio-diversity Enhanced Wild Bird Seed Mix – HF12 £475 / Ha
  28. 28. 7. Enhancing Areas for Bio-diversity Floristically Enhanced Margin – HE10 / £485 / Ha
  29. 29. 8. Managing nutrients for crops and countryside…..
  30. 30. NVZ REGULATIONS (SMR 4) Assessment of fertiliser requirement on each crop, each field, each year, taking into account: UPTAKE RESIDUES SOIL N SUPPLY ORGANIC MANURES SOIL TYPE RAINFALL IRRIGATION YIELD
  31. 31. Green Area Index to Assess N Requirement GAI 1.38 x 50 = 69kg/ha N GAI 0.63 x 50 = 31kg/ha N In crop In crop
  32. 32. Assessing ‘crop requirement’ for nitrogen…..
  33. 33. 9. Managing Soil…. “Resource Protection”
  34. 34. Assessing Soil Condition
  35. 35. Campaign For the Farmed Environment (CFE) A voluntary scheme to retain and improve upon the environmental benefits that may have been seen in set aside. Three main areas: Resource Protection Farmland Birds Farm Wildlife www.cfeonline.org.uk
  36. 36. Campaign For the Farmed Environment (CFE) Local advice and support to help retain and improve the environmental benefits of farmland without regulation. Some measures will be eligible for funding under ELS What needs to be done: Renew ELS agreements (include in-field options) Retain uncropped land and record GAEC 12 / fallows Review voluntary management outside ELS agreements
  37. 37. Campaign For the Farmed Environment (CFE) CFE Targets Ensure ELS agreements have suitable options to help wildlife on farms (double area of key in –field ELS options) Retain uncropped land (about 179,000ha) and improve management to aid delivery of 3 target areas Assist Natural England to achieve 70% of agric. land in agri- environment schemes by March 2011 Increase current national level of voluntary environmental management by at least 30,000 ha Promote agronomy CPD to 1500 agronomists and advisors If targets not met by June 2012, voluntary approach replaced by regulation (no funding)
  38. 38. The factors: soils and drainage • The situation – Popularity – Season – Rainfall • Timing • Intensity – Soil type – Soil moisture – Soil structure – Drainage – Buffer strips – Slope – Tramlines – Crop cover – Operator skill – Application equipment – Filling/Cleaning Site
  39. 39. 10. Public Gain “Special Projects”
  40. 40. Working With Others Richard Fenwick Environment SOYL Agency Variety Consultants Syngenta LEAF Farm Advantage Oakbank Game and Bayer Samuel Rose Conservation FWAG
  41. 41. Parish of Midloe 1800 - 2000
  42. 42. Midloe Grange Farm – Income 2006 97 ha £12500: 2 Families: Depreciation Farm Income Other Income Overheads Interest £5500 Crop Margin £7000 pa Barn Vehicles / houses Charges £6300 Stewardship £5000 pa Spraying Insurance Overheads £6000 SFP CSS £3000 ELS £3000 FWPS £300 Single Farm Payment £18,000 Running costs: £12000 Cordiale Solstice OSR W Beans 9.6 t/ha 9.5 t/ha 4.0 t / ha 4.5 t ha Cost of Prod £69 / t Cost of Prod £70 / t Cost of Prod £167 / t Cost of Prod £91 / t Sold at £85 / t Sold at £93 / t Sold at £155 / t Sold at £81 / t
  43. 43. Putting farming back on the map… Visual evidence of a responsible farming system: Avoiding pollution (VI / Cross compliance) Staying legal Maintaining the countryside (ELS) Enhancing the countryside (HLS) ADVICE COMMUNICATION

×