Values are moral or ethical standards signifying what are intrinsically desirable. It is the bases for determining what behavior and attitudes are correct Like the aspects of culture, values differ from one society to another. What is desirable in one society may be contemptible in another.
The basis of Philippine Value Orientations The Filipino of the 21th century is a blend of social strains and cultural elements – Aeta, Indonesian, Malaysian, Hindu, Arabian, Chinese, Spanish, American and more recently of the global community. Filipino values are basically Asian and have withstood the onslaught of modernization and globalization The Study of Values Anthropologists and Sociologists have studied Filipino values through observation, analysis of the people’s literature and empirical investigations.
The Family Traditional Values The family is the central unit that defines the Filipino’s set of values and responsibilities. Social Acceptance Defined as being taken by one’s fellowmen for what one is or believes he/she is and treated in accordance with his/her status, not rejected or improperly criticized. 2 intermediate values subsumed in social acceptance are: ▪ Smooth interpersonal relations (SIR) is a mechanism to avoid potential situations for hiya ( shame or loss of face). ▪ Pakikisama is the folk concept of good human relations and implies giving in or yielding to the wish of the majority even if it contradicts to one’s own ideas.
Reciprocity or Utang na Loob Another aspect of SIR, reciprocity is a universal form of behavior “Bahala na” – an expression widespread in use. “Let come what may” attitude. Indigenous Identity of the Filipino Values Dr. Virgilio Enriquez proposed a study of indigenous Filipino values through the study and use of the local languages and research for core and surface values. Filipinos should be analyzed in terms of the Filipino worldview, experience and milieu.
Values in Rural Communities 1. Paggalang – respect for the individual 2. Pagmamahal – concern for work and other people 3. Pananagutan – accountability for one’s actions 4. Pagbabalikatan – sharing burden with others 5. Pagbabayanihan – cooperation and teamwork 6. Pagmamalasakit – solicitous concern for all
Values That Guide Democratic Citizenship 1. Pagkakaisa– implies a sense of unity and common purpose 2. Pagbabahagian – practice of sharing 3. Pagbabago – ability to change 4. Pananagutan – strong sense of responsibility 5. Pagsisikap – hardwork 6. Paninindigan – commitment
Values held by Filipino Women 1. Pagtitiis (more than patience) 2. Pagbibigay– (more than generosity) 3. Pagpupunyagi – (more than determination) 4. Matibay– (more than strong) 5. Spirituality – (more than religiosity)