Enriquez (1992:43-45) In pursuit of a better understanding of indigenous filipino values made an analysis of human interaction as observed in everyday life and as codified in the language. To him, the core concept of Filipino interpersonal behavior is kapwa (shared inner self, which is the unity of the “self” and “others”).
Among the values he discussed were: 1.Pakikipagkapwa- which implies accepting and dealing with a person as an equal and an awareness of shared identity. 2.Kagandahang-loob- (shared inner mobility)- which is shown in the act of generousity display spontaneously on account of the goodness of heart and inherent graciousness. 3.Karangalan (dignity)- refers to a person’s self- esteem and has no relation to how others in the society view him. 4.Kalayaan- Life itself. This implies freedom of the society within the limits of the rules, laws, social norms and resources.
5.Katarungan (social justice)- which carries with it the consideration of fairness and promptness in the defense of certain basic rights and the need for the truth and reason. 6.Katotohanan (truth and reason)- this may be observed in the implementation of justice. 7.Pagkakaisa (unity)- this is the highest level of interaction where there is fusion, oneness, and trust. 8.Kapayapaan(peace)- this is the consequence of katarungan and can be observed in situation where one is a victim of injustice.
CENTENNIAL VALUES OF PHILIPPINES INDEPENDENCE- was celebrated from June 12, 1998 July 1999 in festive gaiety as well as serious reflection. This was to commemorate the proclamation of Philippine Independence from Spain. Our freedom was obtained through the patriotism and bravery of our heroes who fought against the tyranny of Spaniards.
Patriotism (Pagka-makabansa) *Nationalism (Pagka-makabayan) *Fairness (Pagka-maging patas) *Determined will (Katatagan/ tibay ng loob)