Modal Verbs ir + a + infinitive (going to do something) poder + infinitive (are able to do something) querer + infinitive (want to do something) deber + infinitive (should do something) tener + que + infinitive (should do something) soler + infinitive (to be accustomed to) necesitar + infinitive (to need something)
Adverbs -Mente Adverb: add –mente at the end of the word to the feminine singular form. If there are 2 or more adv. present in a sentence, add –mente to the end of the last adverb of the sentence. -EX: Adj: Claro Fem: Clara Adv: Claramente
Irregular Adv. These do NOT follow the patter of most adv. - Bastante - Poco - Muy - Ya - Nunca - Demasiade - Bien - Siempre -Tan -Peor -Mucho -Mal
Present Progressive Used to describe what is happening now Combine verb, ESTAR, with a present participal. -EX: Estar + -ando, -iendo, -yendo Conjugate ESTAR -EX: I am singing Estoy cantando.
Past Progressive Formed by combining the verb ESTAR with a present participal. Conjugate ESTAR in the imperfect tense. Drop -ar, -er, or -ir on the infinitive and attach the appropriate ending. Use the imperfect tense when an action is continuously ongoing.
Irregular Future Decir Dir- Hacer Har- Poner Pondr- Infinitive + -e Salir Saldr- -as Tener Tendr- -a -emos Valer Vendr- -an Poder Podr- Querer Querr- Saber Sabr-
Conditional When using would, could, must have, or probably. Hablar Hablaría Hablarías Hablaría Hablaríamos Hablarían Infinitive + Endings.
Superlatives Used when trying to say that something has the most or least of a certain quantity. El, Los, Las, La - MENOS El, Los, Las, La -MÁS
Formal Commands Ud./Uds. – Put in ‘YO’ form andDOP+IOP+’SE’ canattach to an affirmative change to opposite vowel. DOP+IOP+’SE’must go before the Ud./Uds. – Same asnegative command above Los Irregulares T V D I S H E S Tenga Vea Diga Vaya Sepa Haga Esté Sea