Grammar book 2[1] revised


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Grammar book 2[1] revised

  1. 1. Grammar Book #2 Por: Sabra Arif Segundo Clase Sp2H
  2. 2. Table of Contents1. Imperfect2. Car – Gar – Zar3. Spock4. Cucaracha5. Snake y Snake6. Model7. Adverbs8. Present Progressive9. Past Progressive10. Future ( Irregular )11. Superlatives12. Formal Commands
  3. 3. Imperfect Used to tell time and talk about a repeated action -ar -er/-ir -aba -ía -abas -ías -aba -ía -ábamos -íamos -aban -ían
  4. 4. Car – Gar – Zar Tocar Jugar Comenzar Toque Jugue Comence Tocaste Jugaste Comenzaste Toco Jugo ComenzoTocamos Jugamos ComenzamosTocaron Jugaron Comenzaron
  5. 5. Spock Ver Dar Ser Ir Hacer Vi Di Fui Fui HiceViste Diste Fuiste Fuiste Hiciste Vio Dio Fue Fue HizoVimos Dimos Fuimos Fuimos HicimosVieron Dieron Fueron Fueron Hicieron
  6. 6. Cucaracha Andar Anduv- Endings: Estar Estuv- -e -iste Poder Pud- -o Querer Quis- -imos Saber Sup- -isteis -ieron Tener Tuv- Venir Vin- Decir Duj- Traer Traj- Conducir Conduj- Drop the ‘i’ Producir Produj- Traducir Traduj-
  7. 7. Snake / Snakey Leer Dormir Leí Dormí Leiste Dormiste Leyó Durmió Leimos Dormimos Leyeron Durmieron
  8. 8. Modal Verbs ir + a + infinitive (going to do something) poder + infinitive (are able to do something) querer + infinitive (want to do something) deber + infinitive (should do something) tener + que + infinitive (should do something) soler + infinitive (to be accustomed to) necesitar + infinitive (to need something)
  9. 9. Adverbs -Mente Adverb: add –mente at the end of the word to the feminine singular form. If there are 2 or more adv. present in a sentence, add –mente to the end of the last adverb of the sentence. -EX: Adj: Claro Fem: Clara Adv: Claramente
  10. 10. Irregular Adv. These do NOT follow the patter of most adv. - Bastante - Poco - Muy - Ya - Nunca - Demasiade - Bien - Siempre -Tan -Peor -Mucho -Mal
  11. 11. Present Progressive Used to describe what is happening now Combine verb, ESTAR, with a present participal. -EX: Estar + -ando, -iendo, -yendo Conjugate ESTAR -EX: I am singing Estoy cantando.
  12. 12. Past Progressive Formed by combining the verb ESTAR with a present participal. Conjugate ESTAR in the imperfect tense. Drop -ar, -er, or -ir on the infinitive and attach the appropriate ending. Use the imperfect tense when an action is continuously ongoing.
  13. 13. Irregular Future Decir Dir- Hacer Har- Poner Pondr- Infinitive + -e Salir Saldr- -as Tener Tendr- -a -emos Valer Vendr- -an Poder Podr- Querer Querr- Saber Sabr-
  14. 14. Conditional When using would, could, must have, or probably. Hablar Hablaría Hablarías Hablaría Hablaríamos Hablarían Infinitive + Endings.
  15. 15. Superlatives Used when trying to say that something has the most or least of a certain quantity. El, Los, Las, La - MENOS El, Los, Las, La -MÁS
  16. 16. Formal Commands Ud./Uds. – Put in ‘YO’ form andDOP+IOP+’SE’ canattach to an affirmative change to opposite vowel. DOP+IOP+’SE’must go before the Ud./Uds. – Same asnegative command above Los Irregulares T V D I S H E S Tenga Vea Diga Vaya Sepa Haga Esté Sea
  17. 17. PrepositionsAbajoArribaDebajo (de)Dentro (de)Encima (de)Fuera (de)
  18. 18. DemonstrativesThis That That over thereEste Ese AquelEsta Esa AquellaThese Those Those over thereEstos Esos AquellosEstas Esas Aquellas