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Philippine values...


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Philippine values...

  2. 2. What are Values? “ Values are abstract and shared ideas about what is desirable, good or correct-they represent the ideals of the culture.” Values are moral imperatives and feelings about what should be or not be, what is good or bad, what is desirable or undesirable.
  3. 3. The Basis of Philippine Value Orientation Our values have been derived from the racial strains and cultural elements that are Aeta, Indonesian, Malayan, Hindu, and Chinese, which form the foundations of the core of our moral conscience and cultural identity as well as cultural elements that were derived from Spain, the United States, and more recently the global community.
  4. 4. The Study of Values: - Sociologist are concerned about values as they are used by an individual or groups. Since values are abstract they cannot be readily identified from what people do, think or feel they study what motivates the actions of people. They observed the way people behave, listen to what they say, and note the comments and insights made by others who observed
  5. 5. Filipino Values: Camilo Osias (1940) an educator, writing on the “ Filipino way of life”. He enumerated some characteristic Filipino traits such as hospitality, politeness, devotion to family ties and reflected the expression of “bahala na” Marcelo Tangco (1951) an anthropologist Filipino is being friendly, easy and peaceful life, readily defending himself with his bolo and knife.
  6. 6. Filipino Values: Encarnacion Alzona (1956) Filipino aspire 1. courtesy- showing gentle manners, saying “po: at “opo” . 2. manliness- such as bravery and defense oneself during a fight. 3. dignity- manifested in sensitivity to an affront or slight, specially in the presence of young lady.
  7. 7. Filipino Values: Encarnacion Alzona (1956) Filipino aspire 4. prudence or self control- to avoid offending one’s fellowmen and care in speaking. 5. Honesty- upholding the promise and being honest in commercial transactions. 6. tolerance- shown in mutual respect and cooperation with others.
  8. 8. Filipino Values: Horacio de la Costa ( 1971)- composed the Filipino national tradition. 1 Pagsasarili, or the principle of self reliance 2. Pakikisama, or sharing with one’s fellowmen 3. Pagkakaisa, or national unity. 4. Pagkabayani 5. Pakikipagkapwa-tao or human solidarity.
  9. 9. Social Acceptance: Through observation of what Filipino say and do, do not say and do, the choices they make or do not make, the actions they reward and punish, Fr. Lynch (1962) came out with the set of values which have became the basis of comparison between Filipinos and Americans.
  10. 10. Social Acceptance: Through observation of what Filipino say and do, do not say and do, the choices they make or do not make, the actions they reward and punish, Fr. Lynch (1962) came out with the set of values which have became the basis of comparison between Filipinos and Americans.
  11. 11. Two intermediate values: 1. Smooth interpersonal relations (SIR) - is a mechanism to avoid potential situation for hiya ( shame or loss face). 2. Pakikisama- It is going along with others even if one is not interested in suggestion or plan.
  12. 12. Reciprocity or Utang na Loob - It is an obligation to repay a person from whom one has received a favor. Payment may be in the form of token gifts or services.(example)- Even a child is supposed to have “utang na loob” to his parent for giving him life and raising him to be what he is. A child can repay this by taking care of his parent in their old age.
  13. 13. Bahala na- An expression which is widespread in its use in Bahala na, This is used to express the fatalistic outlook of the Filipino. Social scientists say that this attitude is responsible for the backwardness of the Filipino. It reflected in such expression as Gulong ng palad, iginuhit na tadhana, suwerte, malas or tsamba.
  14. 14. Bahala na- There is also the positive aspect of bahala na. Like courage, fortitude, willingness, concern, trust and it speak responsibility. In a very positive way, bahala na is what makes people move, take risks and plan for the future.
  15. 15. Closeness and Security in the Family -This is one of the values discerned by Bulatao. The family is a stable unit for security and support. Respect for Elders- Respect for elder sis a value inculcated early in the socialization process. Children are made to say “po” or “opo” in talking with elders. Paggalang can be a deterrent to initiative and resourcefulness.
  16. 16. Personalism- This is the type of security characterizes the relationship in the larger family, especially when personal problems like sickness, financial difficulties, loss of employment and other misfortune occur. Hospitality- This is shown in our generosity and kindness in treating our visitors.
  17. 17. Patient Suffering or Pagtitiis –is shown in the attitude that certain frustrating forces, whether poverty, injustice, sickness or anything else are too powerful to be overcome. Paninindigan- Subsumed in paninindigan are respect and concern, helping in times of crisis or distress (pagdamay) understanding the limitations of others and regard for other also.
  18. 18. Filipino Values and the February 22- 25,1986 Revolution. It proved that it is within the Filipino’s capacity to contain an oppressive rule and fight for social equity and freedom. Human barricades roadblocks were formed to stop the onslaught of marine troops and armored tanks. Their only weapons were appeals to the soldiers through prayers, rose and sandwiches. Expression like Kapwa Filipino tayo, bakit tayo magpapatayan?
  19. 19. Indigenous Filipino Values- Enriquez through his observation and analysis, he was able to cull several indigenous Filipino values. To him, the core concept in Filipino interpersonal behavior is kapwa ( shared inner self, which is unity of the “self” and “others” Among the values he discussed were: 1. Pakikipagkapwa- Which implies accepting and dealing with a person as an equal and an awareness of shared identity.
  20. 20. Among the values he discussed were: 2. Kagandahang-loob- Which is shown in the act of generosity displayed spontaneously on account of the goodness of heart ( kabaitan) and inherent graciousness. 3. Karangalan- ( dignity)- refers to a person’s self-esteem and has no relation to how others in the society view him.
  21. 21. Among the values he discussed were: 4. Kalayaan ( Life itself)-This implies freedom of the society within the limits of the rules, laws, social norms or resources. 5. Katarungan ( social justice)- Which carries with it the consideration of fairness and promptness in the defense of certain basic rights and the need for katotohanan and katuwiran.
  22. 22. Among the values he discussed were: 6. Katotohanan- This may be observed in the implementation of justice. 7. Pagkakaisa – This is the highest level of interaction where there is fusion, oneness, and trust Pakikisama and pakikibagay become the compromising norms. 8. Kapayapaan- This is consequence of katarungan and can be observed in situations where one is a victim of injustice.
  23. 23. Centennial Values of Philippine Independence- Was celebrated from June 12, 1998 to July 1999. This was to commemorate the proclamation of the Philippine Independence from Spain. Our freedom was obtained through the patriotism and bravery of our heroes.
  24. 24. These values are: Patriotism (pagka-makabansa) Nationalism ( Pagka- makabayan) Fairness ( Pagka-maging patas) Determined will ( Katatagan o tibay ng loob) Commitment ( Pakikilahok) Peace ( Kapayapaan) Unity (Pagkakaisa) Protecting the Environment( Pagka- makakalikasan)
  25. 25. The Shaping of Social Values in Schools- Many forces are at work which keep our society and culture changing Increasing urbanization, the mass media, publication and the products of creative artist, rallies ,demonstrations and other social movement
  26. 26. Core Values- On the basis of the foregoing philosophy of the human person, the seven core values in consonance with it are health, truth, love, spirituality, social responsibility, economic sufficient, nationalism and patriotism, and global solidarity.
  27. 27. , Health- implies physical well-being and cleanliness. Truth- Implies the tireless quest for knowledge in all its forms and the development of creative and critical thinking to meet the challenges of the modern world. Love- implies the quest for personal integrity and the development of self- worth or self-esteem, honesty and personal discipline.
  28. 28. ,Human existence- especially experiences such as love and suffering points to a reality beyond one’s experiences. Social responsibility- implies the strengthening of the family as “the foundation of the nation” and the basic autonomous society weathering the impact of modernization and technology.
  29. 29. ,Economic efficiency- is achieved by people through work, the exercise of human mastery over the resources of nature and creative imagination in the solution of complex problems. Nationalism and patriotism- mean love of country. The Need for a Moral Recovery Program - We had our shining moments during the EDSA revolution as we showed to ourselves and to the world our sterling qualities as a people.
  30. 30. 1. A sense of patriotism and national pride- genuine love, appreciation, and commitment to the Philippines and things Filipino. 2. A sense of common good- looking beyond one’s selfish interest, a sense of justice and outrage when violated. 3. A sense of integrity and accountability- an abhorrence of graft and corruption in one’s society. 4. The value and habits of self- reflection and analysis and internalization of spirituals values. 5. The value and habits of discipline and hard work.
  31. 31. Submitted to: Mr. Mark Wellman Armisa Submitted by: Group 1 Alde Henry Marie Bruza, Regine Barrera, Anne Rhea Boquis, LoryJane