The Filipino Value System includes an assemblage of consistent: MORAL ETHICALIDEOLOGIES CODES PRACTICES CULTURAL/ ETIQUETTE PERSONAL VALUES
The distinct value system of Filipinos is rootedprimarily in personal alliance systems such as: Value System COMMERC IAL KINSHIP RELATIONSHIP S OBLIGATION RELIGION FRIENDSHIP
Social approval, acceptance by a group, and belonging to a group are major concerns.
Two Models of the Filipino Value System • Legal and formal modelExogenous or • Inherited by Filipinos from the Foreign Western cultures, particularly from the Spaniards and the Model Americans • Traditional and non-formalIndigenous or model Traditional • Deeply embedded in the Filipino subconscious Model
Inherent Key Elements• Optimism about the future• Pessimism with regards to present situations and events• Concern and care for other people• Existence of friendship and friendliness• Habit of being hospitable• Religious nature• Respectfulness to self and others• Respect for the female members of society• Fear of God• Abhorrence of acts of cheating and thievery• Having a pro-American outlook
The core values of Filipinos specifically upholds the following:• Solidarity of the family unit,• Security of the Philippine economy,• Orientation to small-groups,• Personalism,• Concepts of "loob" or "kalooban" ("what’s inside the self", the "inner-self", or the "actual personal feelings of the self"),• Existence and maintenance of smooth interpersonal relationships, and• Sensing of the feelings or needs of others (known as pakikiramdam).
Gender Specific ValuesExpectations in relation to parenthood:Preference for male and female children - based on the expected roles that each gender would assume once grown up.Both genders are expected to become responsible members of the family and the society.Women are expected to: - help in household work, - become caring and nurturing mothers for their own children, - offer assistance after being married.Filipino men are expected to: - assume the role of becoming the primary source of income and financial support of his family.
Basic TenetsCore value• Kapwa, togetherness, is the core construct of Filipino Psychology. Kapwa has two categories, Ibang Tao (other people) and Hindi Ibang Tao (not other people).• Ibang Tao ("outsider") Five domains in this construct: – Pakikitungo: civility – Pakikisalamuha: act of mixing – Pakikilahok: act of joining – Pakikibagay: conformity – Pakikisama: being united with the group.• Hindi Ibang Tao ("one-of-us") Three domains in this construct: – Pakikipagpalagayang-loob: act of mutual trust – Pakikisangkot: act of joining others – Pakikipagkaisa: being one with others
Pivotal interpersonal value Pakiramdam: Shared inner perceptions. Filipinos use damdam, or the inner perception of others emotions, as a basic tool to guide his dealings with other people.
Linking socio-personal value Kagandahang-Loob: Shared humanity. Refers to being able to help other people in dire need due to a perception of being together as part of one Filipino humanity.
Accommodative surface values Hiya: Loosely translated as shame by most Western psychologists, Hiya is actually sense of propriety. Utang na Loob: Norm of reciprocity. Filipinos are expected by their neighbors to return favors-—whether these were asked for or not— -when it is needed or wanted. Pakikisama and Pakikipagkapwa: Smooth Interpersonal Relationship, or SIR, as coined by Lynch (1961 and 1973). This attitude is primarily guided by conformity with the majority.
Confrontative surface values• Bahala Na: fatalistic passiveness, describes the Filipino way of life, in which, he is determined to do his best, hence the term bahala na, which actually came from the phrase bathalan na, meaning I will do all my best, let God take care of the rest.• Lakas ng Loob: characterized by being courageous in the midst of problems and uncertainties.• Pakikibaka: it means concurrent clashes. It refers to the ability of the Filipino to undertake revolutions and uprisings against a common enemy.
Societal values• Karangalan: dignity, this actually refers to what other people see in a person and how they use that information to make a stand or judge about his/her worth. – Puri: the external aspect of dignity. May refer to how other people judge a person of his/her worth. – Dangal: the internal aspect of dignity. May refer to how a person judges his own worth.• Katarungan: justice, this actually refers to equity in giving rewards to a person.• Kalayaan: Freedom and mobility. May clash with the less important value of pakikisama or pakikibagay (conformity).
Values of Modern Filipinos PANANALIG KATAPATAN PAG-AARUGA KASIPAGAN TIBAY NG FAITH FAITHFULNESS NURTURING INDUSTRY LOOBThe Madonna Resembling Every Filipino The fruits of the COURAGEand Child marriage bonds, child grows and earth springepitomize the learns under the forth only Stalwart and faithfulness to firm inkind of faith husband or wife a mentor who through industryevery Filipino and faithfulness instils in the child and it is only by idealism andcarries in the to country and the sense of love, working that one goodwill, theheart. An all ideals for compassion, will be able to modernassurance that which our heroism, and achieve the Filipino standsthe Divine Being republic stands. courage . rebuilding of ourwatches over country. by his or herevery one of us. values and ideals.
References• Definitely Filipino (FB)• Internet Materials• Google Images• Jocano, F. Landa. (1992). Issues and challenges in Filipino value formation. Quezon City: Punlad Research House