The sacrament was “If you forgive the sins of instituted by Christ any, they are forgiven; if you retain the sins of any, they are retained.”When the risen Lord appeared to His apostles on the evening of Easter and He said to them “Receive the Holy Spirit”
It is a sacrament instituted by Christ in which forgiveness of sins comitted after baptism is granted through the priests absolution to those who are truly sorry to confess their sins.
•To impart grace to the soul1. Is an outward sign instituted byChrist
The willingness to be forgiven and the acceptance of the punishment that will follow.2. It is an outward sign of thepenitent.
You are forgiven. There is satisfaction.3. The absolution
WHY IS THERE ASACRAMENT OFRECONCILIATIONAFTER BAPTISM?
Because Baptism does The Sacrament is there not abolish the weakness to lead us back. of human nature. What is that weakness? It is giving over to temptation, thus pushing us away from God’s graces
Who are the Ministers of the Sacrament of Reconciliation?The Bishops and thePriests
Given the delicacy and greatness of this ministry and the respect due to persons, the Church declares that every priest who hears confession is bound under very severe penalties to keep absolute secrecy regarding the sins that his penitent have confessed to him, is called the……
THE SACRAMENTAL SEAL He can make no use of knowledge that confession gives him about penitents Lives. A secret to be kept which admits to no exceptions.
WHERE DO PREISTS GET THEIR POWER TO FORGIVE SIN?1. Only God forgives sins2. Since Jesus is the son of God he said that "The Son of man has authority on earth to forgive sins“3. He gives this power to men (to preists) to exercise in his name
The essential Elements of theSacrament 1. The Act of the 2. The Absolution Penitent who of the Priest in the comes to name of Christ. repentance through the action of the Holy Spirit.
1. Examination of 4. Satisfaction conscience 5. Penance2. Repentance3. ConfessionWhat should the penitent do inpreparation and in receiving the sacrament?
THE OUTWARD SIGN OFTHE SACRAMENT OFPENANCETHE MATTER The sacrament has two folds: ◦ 1. The acts of the penitent which includes contrition, confession and satisfaction ◦ 2. The act of the priest which is the absolution
THE FORM The form is through the words of the priest when he absolves you from your sins “I absolve you from your sins in the name of the Father and of the son and of the Holy Spirit.”
CONTRITION Is the most important act of the penitent It is the sincere sorrow of the soul and disgust for the sin committed and having the intention of not repeating the sin.
CONFESSION OF SINS Through the admission of our sins we take full responsibility for them and there by we open ourselves again to God and to Holy communion.
THE SIN TO BECONFESSED1. Venial Sins o if one does something immoral but the matter is not serious enough to be gravely immoral.2. Capital Sins o also known as the seven deadly sins o Pride, avarice, envy, wrath, lust, gluttony, and sloth.
3. Mortal Sins o object is grave matter and which is also committed with full knowledge and deliberate consent.
SATISFACTION The penitent must “make satisfaction for” or “expiate” his sins. This “Satisfaction” is also called penance The penance corresponds to the gravity and nature of the sins comitted. Penance comes in different forms it can be in a form of a prayer, service, charity, an offering but above all the penitents acceptance of the cross he must bear.
ABSOLUTION The remission of sin. Frees men from sins in the name of the Holy Trinity.
THE RITE OF THESACRAMENT1. Reception of the penitent2. Reading of the word of God (optional)3. Confession of sins and satisfaction4. Act of contrition5. Absolution6. Proclaiming God’s Peace7. Dismissal
THE EFFECTS WHENRECEIVING THESACRAMENT1. Reconciliation with God and therefore sins are forgiven.2. Reconciliation with the church3. Recovery, peace, serenity4. Increase in spiritual strength