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Philippine Values


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Philippine Values

  1. 1. Philippine Values CHAPTER 6
  2. 2. DEFINITIONS AND NATURE OF VALUES <ul><li>Etymologically, VALUES comes from the Latin word “valere” which means to be strong, to be worth. </li></ul><ul><li>Values are those standards by which a group of society judges the desirability of persons, ideas, actions or objects. </li></ul><ul><li>Values are shared conceptions of or beliefs in what are considered desirable or undesirable. </li></ul>
  3. 3. DEFINITIONS AND NATURE OF VALUES <ul><li>Values are something deserving of one’s best effort, something worth living for and, if need be, worth dying for. </li></ul><ul><li>Values are principles or ideas in which groups and individuals may believe strongly and which guide their respective behaviors. </li></ul>
  4. 4. DEFINITIONS AND NATURE OF VALUES <ul><li>A value is an enduring conception of the preferable which influences choice and action. </li></ul><ul><li>Values are the ideals, customs, institutions, etc. of a society toward which the members of the group have an affective regard. </li></ul>
  5. 5. DEFINITIONS AND NATURE OF VALUES <ul><li>Value refers to the utility of a thing, the environmental conditions at the time of evaluation. </li></ul><ul><li>Value is that quality of anything which renders it desirable or useful. </li></ul>
  6. 6. VALUE CLARIFICATION PROCESS <ul><li>Value is chosen freely. </li></ul><ul><li>It is chosen among alternatives </li></ul><ul><li>There is celebration </li></ul><ul><li>There is public affirmation of choice </li></ul><ul><li>The value must be acted upon </li></ul><ul><li>Acting must be repeatedly done </li></ul><ul><li>Value should enhance one’s development </li></ul>
  7. 7. IMPORTANCE / FUNCTIONS OF VALUES <ul><li>Values provide the framework for our judgments. </li></ul><ul><li>Values give purpose and direction to the lives of people. </li></ul><ul><li>Values give meaning and significance to life and society </li></ul><ul><li>Values make things desirable </li></ul><ul><li>Values define what are important to people </li></ul><ul><li>Values provide for the gap between knowledge and action </li></ul><ul><li>Values have a primordial place in education </li></ul>
  8. 8. THEORIES ON THE ORIGIN OF VALUES <ul><li>The “Inner Man” or Mentalistic Theory of Values – by William James </li></ul><ul><li>The “Outer Man” or Behavioral Theory of Values – by BF Skinner </li></ul><ul><li>The “Id” ; “Ego” ; “Superego” Theory of Values and Preferences – by Sigmund Freud </li></ul><ul><li>The Labeling Theory or Cultural Relativism Theory of Values </li></ul>
  9. 9. MENTALISTIC THEORY OF VALUES <ul><li>According to William James, all our obligations, all of what we call good and what we call bad, do not exist as good and bad per se. They are OUR constructions and are for each of us but a product of each individual’s wants, needs and desires. </li></ul>
  10. 10. BEHAVIORAL THEORY OF VALUES <ul><li>BF Skinner posits that values come from your personal experience. You get punished or rewarded for things you did, and that reinforcement is what determines what you’ll deem good and bad. </li></ul>
  11. 11. ID, EGO AND SUPEREGO THEORY OF VALUES AND PREFERENCES <ul><li>Freud posits that we have evolutionary-based instinctual drives – ID based dives to prefer certain things; we develop over time a consciousness of ways to interact with our external world to get what we want – EGO based drives – and we have a set of culturally and parentally induced should and should not – SUPEREGO based drives – that spend a good amount of time in a tension – producing conflict between what we value and what we prefer. </li></ul>
  12. 12. THE LABELING THEORY <ul><li>According to this theory, things, ideas, events, behavior, are neither good nor bad per se. It is society which labels them as either good or bad. If a society comes to an agreement that something is good, then it becomes good; when society labels it as bad, then it becomes bad. </li></ul>
  13. 13. CLASSIFICATION OF VALUES <ul><li>Economic Values </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioral Values </li></ul><ul><li>Social Values </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Social or Self-Concern Values </li></ul><ul><li>Moral and Spiritual Values </li></ul>
  14. 14. 8 CATEGORIES OF VALUES <ul><li>Affection </li></ul><ul><li>Respect </li></ul><ul><li>Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Enlightenment </li></ul><ul><li>Influence </li></ul><ul><li>Wealth </li></ul><ul><li>Well-being </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibility </li></ul>
  15. 15. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN’S VIRTUES <ul><li>Temperance </li></ul><ul><li>Silence </li></ul><ul><li>Order </li></ul><ul><li>Resolution </li></ul><ul><li>Frugality </li></ul><ul><li>Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Sincerity </li></ul><ul><li>Justice </li></ul>
  16. 16. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN’S VIRTUES <ul><li>Moderation </li></ul><ul><li>Cleanliness </li></ul><ul><li>Tranquility </li></ul><ul><li>Chastity </li></ul><ul><li>Humility </li></ul>
  17. 17. THE FILIPINO ORIENTAL AND OCCIDENTAL VALUE ORIENTATIONS <ul><li>Non-Rationalism VS Rationalism </li></ul><ul><li>Personalism VS Impersonalism </li></ul><ul><li>Particularism VS Universalism </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalism VS Internationalism </li></ul>
  18. 18. GENERAL FILIPINO VALUES <ul><li>Bahala Na </li></ul><ul><li>Utang na Loob </li></ul><ul><li>Amor Propio </li></ul><ul><li>Fatalism </li></ul><ul><li>SIR </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Euphemisms </li></ul><ul><li>Pakikisama </li></ul>
  19. 19. GENERAL FILIPINO VALUES <ul><li>Hiya or Shame </li></ul><ul><li>Paggalang </li></ul><ul><li>Pakikialam </li></ul><ul><li>Tungkulin ng panganay sa pamilya </li></ul><ul><li>Use of intermediary or go-between </li></ul><ul><li>Segurista attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Gaya-gaya </li></ul>
  20. 20. GENERAL FILIPINO VALUES <ul><li>Pagmamay-ari </li></ul><ul><li>Pagkatitulado </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of sportsmanship </li></ul><ul><li>Particularism </li></ul><ul><li>Filipino time </li></ul><ul><li>Mañana habit </li></ul><ul><li>Ningas cogon tendency </li></ul>
  21. 21. GENERAL FILIPINO VALUES <ul><li>Hele-hele </li></ul><ul><li>Delicadeza </li></ul><ul><li>Palabra de honor </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial mentality </li></ul><ul><li>Compadre system </li></ul><ul><li>Lakad system </li></ul><ul><li>Lagay system </li></ul>
  22. 22. GENERAL FILIPINO VALUES <ul><li>Querida system </li></ul><ul><li>Kamag-anak system </li></ul><ul><li>Walang bigayan, walang lamangan </li></ul><ul><li>Relax lang mentality </li></ul><ul><li>Pagkamatiisin </li></ul><ul><li>Crab mentality </li></ul><ul><li>Baka-Sakali attitude </li></ul>
  23. 23. GENERAL FILIPINO VALUES <ul><li>Status consciousness </li></ul><ul><li>High regard for women </li></ul><ul><li>Authoritativeness </li></ul><ul><li>Fiesta syndrome </li></ul><ul><li>Awa mentality </li></ul><ul><li>Bata system </li></ul>