Successfully reported this slideshow.
Your SlideShare is downloading. ×

DII p1

Ad

DII
Presentation 1
Digital copies of the assets

Ad

Digital transformation is profoundly changing the world. There are some
major trends in creating and managing physical obj...

Ad

Further, we will consider main technology trends for building and the use of physical
objects. In all cases these trends r...

Ad

Ad

Ad

Ad

Ad

Ad

Ad

Ad

Ad

Ad

Ad

Ad

Ad

Ad

Ad

Ad

Ad

Ad

Ad

Ad

Ad

Ad

Ad

Ad

Ad

Ad

Ad

Ad

Upcoming SlideShare
DII p2
DII p2
Loading in …3
×

Check these out next

1 of 31 Ad
1 of 31 Ad

DII p1

Download to read offline

This presentation outlines our vision on the D-Reader, the product our company develops. The product is focused on automated understanding of engineering drawings.

This presentation outlines our vision on the D-Reader, the product our company develops. The product is focused on automated understanding of engineering drawings.

Advertisement
Advertisement

More Related Content

Similar to DII p1 (20)

Advertisement
Advertisement

DII p1

  1. 1. DII Presentation 1 Digital copies of the assets
  2. 2. Digital transformation is profoundly changing the world. There are some major trends in creating and managing physical objects with digital technologies. We believe this process improves society, makes it safer, better run and better provided. It creates new business opportunities worth tens of billions of dollars and impacts major industries. We believe every human-created useful asset in the future will have a digital form. Assets will exist in physical and digital dimensions and we believe we know what solutions, currently underdeveloped, will scale this process to a mass market and spark the exponential growth of digitisation. DII is working on the development of a software system which will help to automate the digitisation process and decrease the need for human interaction. Automation software is the key to the exponential growth of digitisation.
  3. 3. Further, we will consider main technology trends for building and the use of physical objects. In all cases these trends require digital replicas (copies) of the objects as one of the key inputs. These trends became possible due to the following underlying technologies, some of which are relatively new, while some have existed for decades: - Computer aided design (CAD) - Affordable hardware including sensors, computers and servers - Smart infrastructure - Virtually unlimited processing power with cloud computing - High processing power of local devices (edge power) - Internet of things (IoT) - Data science - AI and machine learning Underlying technologies
  4. 4. Key technology trends based on digital versions of physical assets
  5. 5. New products can be designed and tested before their physical replicas have been built. Environmental conditions can be modelled for testing. Digital prototyping dramatically decreases risks and costs involved in creating new products. The realistic digital version of an object can be explored, studied and improved while still in design form. Some industry standards allow design verification with a digital model without building the physical object. The exact cost of construction can be determined. Digital prototyping became mainstream a trend over ten years ago. However, it is constantly developing with new versions of software packages increasing the similarity between physical and digital objects and modelling of environment conditions. 1. Digital prototyping
  6. 6. BIMs are digital prototypes of objects in the building environment. BIMs connect all engineering systems and elements of the object in question into one file or a group of files. The global building information modelling market was valued at $5.20 billion in 2019, and is projected to reach $15.06 billion by 2027. BIM technology has completely changed architecture and construction industries by improving participants’ collaboration, planning and management of their projects. In most of countries the use of BIMs is required under government regulations and they are used by all reputable architectural, engineering and construction firms. There are a number of industry- and government-led initiatives on adopting, standardising and further development of the next generations of BIM technologies. 2. Building information models (BIM)
  7. 7. Multiple connected sensors can help to manage various structures: homes, offices, public places, industrial facilities etc. Smart tools make facilities’ management more effective, secure, customer friendly and sustainable. The smart facilities’ industry is also known as ‘building automation’. The global intelligent building automation technologies market was valued over $65 billion in 2019 and is expected to grow. Smart facilities use BIM as a key model, which becomes a basis for all processes. 3. Smart facilities
  8. 8. Smart facilities
  9. 9. A digital twin mirrors an object’s physical copy in design and operation. It utilises previously mentioned technologies to the point where the digital version of the asset is an exact replica and constantly connected with its physical copy (twin) by a sufficient number of sensors that it fully reflects its condition and activities. The twin allows one to manage the asset remotely, monitor its condition, collect vast amounts of data, simulate scenarios and model future conditions to predict behaviour. Digital twins became an extremely popular tech trend and is a mainstream technology in certain industries. There are twins of large equipment objects, objects of built environment, processes and even cities. 4. Digital twins
  10. 10. Image from Sap.com Using Digital twins for assets
  11. 11. Digital construction is the use and application of digital tools to improve the process of delivering and operating the built environment. Those tools include BIMs, cloud computing, VR & AR applications, UAVs (drones), laser scanning, robotics, data science applications, etc. They make construction projects safer, collaborative and efficient. This market is worth $50billion globally and growing at approximately at 15% per year. Using digital tools for manufacturing has been popular for many years but is constantly evolving with further process automation, rapid prototyping, robotisation, AR/VR, additive manufacturing, simulation, new CNC- machinery, machine learning, etc. The global market for digital transformation in manufacturing was valued at $220.90 billion in 2018 and is anticipated to rise up to $642.35 billion by 2025. 5. Digital manufacturing and construction
  12. 12. A smart city is an urban area that uses different types of electronic Internet of Things (IoT) sensors to collect data and then use insights gained from that data to efficiently manage assets, resources and services. This includes data collected from citizens, devices, and assets that is processed and analysed to monitor and manage traffic and transportation systems, power plants, utilities, water supply networks, waste management, crime detection, information systems, schools, libraries, hospitals, and other community services. The global market for smart city services is estimated over $400 billion and is growing at a very high rate (over 20% yearly by many observers). 6. Smart cities
  13. 13. Smart cities
  14. 14. The future of connectivity within digital transformation trends is broad and is the subject of constant development. One of the trends is designing a network of connected assets, exchanging the data as well as networks of those networks. For example, in the UK there is a widely presented concept of the national digital twin (network of twins based on compatible protocols). Connections of the ecosystems will provide additional flow of data and can create vast information ecosystems of objects communicating directly with each other. 7. Connected places
  15. 15. Images by https://www.cdbb.cam.ac.uk/ Digital twin and Ecosystem of connected twins
  16. 16. Image by https://www.cdbb.cam.ac.uk/ Digital ecosystem
  17. 17. We regularly update a selected web resources library on all mentioned trends at www.dii.ai/links
  18. 18. A digital version of an asset has become the centre of its life cycle It is used at every stage of a product’s life and enables the use of various technology solutions while managing the asset. Below we look at its use with an example of the product: An oil rig
  19. 19. At the design stage a digital version (prototype) of the rig is created. The product is designed using latest engineering CAD software, which plans and tests all of its various parameters and its multiple subcomponents under various conditions. With current CAD capabilities, the software allows full validation of design while the product still exists only in a digital form. 1) Design
  20. 20. The rig construction project uses a digital model and updates it with ‘as built’ drawings as the design may be changed during construction period. Rig construction involves building and assembling multiple parts and components coming from many suppliers. Digital drawings of components are used to transmit data to suppliers and to upload designs to CNC machines. A digital model integrates data from all suppliers to ensure compatibility. 2) Construction
  21. 21. When the rig is operated, it works in a remote environment. To ensure safety and efficiency it collects data from thousands of sensors. The data are analysed to make necessary decisions. Many large rig operators have digital twins of their rigs, which allows them to control all drilling parameters from their offices, provide technical advice and support, and process data for complex decisions, ensuring its robust operation. 3) Useful life
  22. 22. During years of operation, oil and gas rigs are often upgraded and renovated. Any changes and additions require a design group to perform necessary calculations using the original design model. CAD software is used to perform all necessary calculations often involving collaboration with engineering contractors and components’ suppliers. In this case, the use of common engineering standards and platforms is required. All activities are centred around a digital model of the product. 4) Renovations
  23. 23. At the end of their useful life, oil and gas rigs need to be decommissioned, which requires elaborate planning and engineering. To calculate all steps the exact engineering data are required and having digital models helps engineers use necessary modelling software. In reality, however, usually the older rigs were built before the latest CAD packages were developed. That creates complexities requiring engineers to manually transfer the data into new formats. 5) Decommissioning
  24. 24. Summary and the scaling question 1. Digital transformation of physical assets is taking place and is well underway. The transformation has become real due to technological advancement in computing, software engineering and affordability of many devices. 2. Digital transformation has created multiple trends and technologies. Some of them have created their own industries worth billions of dollars and profoundly impacted traditional industries such as construction, urban development, real estate management, transportation, energy etc. 3. One of the key elements enabling using those technologies is a digital version of the asset based on its CAD model. The question is: if all those technologies are creating so much added value, what prevents them from scaling to mass market?
  25. 25. What prevents the mass spread of those technologies? Indeed, the majority of digital twins are popular with high-worth industries like oil rigs, wind turbines, space ships, planes, extensive industrial facilities, etc. Hence they operate as some form of ‘premium segment’ of the market. What needs to happen so digital twins become scaled to mass market? If software can be scaled without much additional cost and processing power is unlimited, what stops every important physical asset becoming ‘smart’ or to obtain its digital twin? The main factor is that creating a digital twin still requires a lot of manual input. This is particularly true with older assets, which were built prior to the digital era and whose designs exists only in old formats. Those are called ‘legacy assets’ and their digitisation still needs to occur, but which will involve considerable, expensive, qualified labour.
  26. 26. Legacy assets challenge Because older asset designs are usually preserved in older formats (paper copies or 2-D CAD files), to use all modern innovations a digital model has to be created. Essentially this means the asset design has to be recreated from the older drawings. For large and complex assets this is a problem as it takes a vast amount of time and resources as it is predominantly a manual task. We believe the absence of the relatively painless process of digitizing assets is one of the factors holding digital technologies back from much wider and faster deployment. If there was an efficient automation solution to this challenge – this could accelerate global digital transformation exponentially. DII is researching ways to automate the creation of digital models for legacy assets. The next presentation will explain how we see this happening.
  27. 27. Thank you This was Presentation 1 of 3 outlining the DII business case. Presentation 2 explains how we address digitising existing objects. www.dii.ai

×