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Report from the Breakout Session on Climate Change Mitigation

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Tantely Razafimbelo (University of Antanarivo) and Viridiana Alcántara C. (4 per 1000 Initiative / Federal Office for Agriculture and Food, BLE, Germany)

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Report from the Breakout Session on Climate Change Mitigation

  1. 1. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support ofWith the support of1 BREAKOUT SESSION IV : CONTRIBUTION TO GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION Ronnie CUMMINS, Regeneration International Tantely RAZAFIMBELO, Laboratoire des RadioIsotopes (University of Antananarivo) Viridiana ALCANTARA, 4P1000 Initiative
  2. 2. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of BREAKOUT SESSION IV : CONTRIBUTION TO GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION Participants Name Institution Viridiana Alcantara BLE, 4P100 Pascal Martinez GEF, USA Ekwa Yawa Monono Alliance for Green Africa Gender and Rural Development Shadreck Phiri IGUGU Trust, Zimbabwe Chernet Woyimo Ethiopian Biotechnology Institute Andre Leu Regeneration International Sheryl Quail Raintrust – East Africa Ahmed Abdullahi Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bernard Likalimba Embassy of the Netherlands, SA Belinda Zimba Climate Smart Agri Youth Network Name Institution Rolf Sommer CIAT/WLE, Nairobi Yunike S Phiri Climate Smart Agri Youth Network Andreas Tuber BUEL, Berlin Ercilia Sahores Regeneration International, Mexico Martel-Marquis Océane French Embassy, SA Nsalambi Nkongolo Agricultural Research Council, Pretoria Guibert B. Ilunga DAVIDLO Conference and Events Bernard Terris DANAYA, France Razafimbelo Tantely University of Antananarivo Ronnie Cummins Regeneration International
  3. 3. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of
  4. 4. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Which strategies are most successful in different African contexts regarding availability of biomass for SOC build up? Awareness of burning Training (no-till) Indigenous knowledge Continuous and long-term training and extension services Find attractive points for communication Manure, poultry application Crop residues Legumes (as green manure) Compost / lombricompost Digestates and residues of Biogas / organic pellet + micronutrients Agroforestry, afforestation with selected species Cover cropping, alley cropping, inter- cropping No-tillage Live fences Perennials Market access to achieve results beyond project duration Ensure MRV for uncertainities (country level) Target dependant funds Understanding context and motivation Technical/pratical strategies Conditions
  5. 5. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of How can nitrogen and phosphorus (and other nutrients) demand be overcome in African contexts without net enhancement of GHG emissions and at the same time increase productivity/yields? Training to produce bio fertilizers In nutrients depleted soils, need of kick-start mineral fertilizers from off-farm sources Long-term cover crop systems Identification of other sources of P (e.g. bone-char or rock phosphate  well suited for acidic soils) Nitrogen from green manure Motivation of farmers and advise to how to use fertilizer. Strategies Constraints Biomass availability (compost) Seed availability and knowledge (green manure) Problem the cost of fertilizer (bio and chemical fertilizer)
  6. 6. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of What are the challenges and opportunities related to protection/restoration of carbon rich soils, for instance peatlands? [ But also volcanic soils and rich soils ?] Peatlands conservation and protection through international efforts (e.g. Congo basin). Exclude oil exploration Exclude farming and drainage Highlight benefit for water availaibility PES and fundings To resolve problems of rural poverty Find other economic options : eg ecotourism
  7. 7. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Global Climate Change Mitigation Commitment Payment for ecosystem services instead of foreign aid Opportunity due to huge potential related to large land area, low SOC levels Change perception from “taking responsibility for large emission countries” to “be part of the solution” Should African countries engage more in mitigation effort ?
  8. 8. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of ACTIONS – 1. Research and scientific cooperation Breakout session IV - MITIGATION • 4 per 1000 to facilitate building, expanding and strengthening the network and partnerships between research institutions in different countries and continents (e.g. Africa and Europe) with the aim of developing joint research project proposals  host „writeshops“  can be presented as activity to the consortium (fund raising needed) • Promote within the 4 per 1000 members enhanced production of open access publication (e.g. CGIAR reports)
  9. 9. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of ACTIONS – 2. Policies Breakout session IV - MITIGATION 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Volume 4 Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use • 4 per 1000 to provide technical assistance to encourage ist member countries to report on mitigation efforts through soil carbon sequestration under the UNFCCC framework  develop a specific methodolody in line and following the IPCC guidelines  catalyse COP mandate to trigger GEF funding  advocacy through official observer NGOs (4p1000 members)  potential champion countries: South Africa, Côte d‘Ivoire Finland, Uruguay, Costa Rica • Promote inclusion of soil carbon sequestration in NDCs (need for national intersectoral collaboration)
  10. 10. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of ACTIONS – 3. Development projects Breakout session IV - MITIGATION • Establishment of a working group within the 4 per 1000 partners to launch a pilot project for payment of soil carbon credits - avoid green washing - develop business cases - trigger large-scale funding
  11. 11. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of ACTIONS – OUTLOOK for 4 per 1000 With the support ofBreakout session IV - MITIGATION The added value of the 4 per 1000 initiative needs to become clearer  Need for a mapping study to show what is which initiative doing and identify the place and strength of 4 per 1000 (what is the landscape of initiatives? What role should 4 per 1000 play / is playing?)

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