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Agricultural communities adapting to climate change

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Ntombizakhe (Zakhe) Mpofu Mlilo (ORAP Zenzele)

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Agricultural communities adapting to climate change

  1. 1. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Agriculture Communities Adapting to Climate Change Ntombizakhe Mlilo ORAP- Amalima Project, Zimbabwe With the support ofNAME
  2. 2. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Where we work in Zimbabwe • Matabeleland North and South, Midlands • Arid, semi arid
  3. 3. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of The agriculture communities Communal farmers • household crop fields • Communal agricultural production assets • Grazing land • Water sources • Dip tanks • Both individual and communal approaches to adaptation to climate change
  4. 4. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Climate Change challenges • Frequent droughts • Erratic rains, mid-season dry spells • Floods or very wet spells (waterlogging) • Very high day temperatures
  5. 5. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Climate Impacts • Direct effects on soils • Direct effects on rain-fed crops, pastures • Indirect effects – disease outbreaks • Food, nutrition and income insecurity
  6. 6. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Why Adaptation • Affects food systems • Short-term volatility • Medium term yield losses and increasing cost structures • Long term production collapse – food aid • Affects food companies • Short term volatility • Medium term increasing cost structures • Long term disappearance of supply chains
  7. 7. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Adapting Crop Prod. Practices 1. Change planting season 2. Stagger planting 3. Match genotype and environment • Drought tolerant small grains (e.g. sorghum) • Ultra short season maize varieties 4. Diversification of crops 5. Integrated pest management
  8. 8. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Adapting Crop Prod. Practices Amalima Project
  9. 9. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Adapting Crop Prod. Practices Soil and water conservation techniques
  10. 10. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Adapting Livestock Prod Practices Use of indigenous breeds, crossbreeding Amalima Project
  11. 11. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Adapting Livestock Prod Practices • Supplementary feed • fodder production • home-made mixes/ licks • stockfeed purchases • pen-fattening • Grazing land rehabilitation
  12. 12. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Adapting Livestock Prod Practices Water sources – dams, boreholes Amalima Project
  13. 13. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Adapting Livestock Prod Practices Disease control • rehabilitation of dipping facilities • Train community animal health workers
  14. 14. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Socio-cultural Adaptation Community mobilisation • Forming work groups – labour support to beat short rain season • Local institutions (committees) - e.g. information sharing on weather and markets • Youth involvement, gender, local leadership
  15. 15. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Amalima Project
  16. 16. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Socio-cultural Adaptation • Communication • Early warning systems • Electronic communication – radios, whatsapp • Negotiation skills • By-laws e.g. cutting down of trees
  17. 17. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Economic Adaptation • Farming as a business, value addition, income • Private sector in rural areas: production, suppliers, processing, financing, marketing • Alternative sources of income – less dependence on agriculture • Local financing of agric production (VS&L) • Improve prod assets, services and demand services • Govnt: policies, services, national programs, funding, facilitation
  18. 18. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Successes and challenges
  19. 19. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of increased adoption of adapted small grains BUT Labour requirements for small grains Amalima Project
  20. 20. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Improved production/ productivity BUT • Dryland crops affected by droughts • Irrigated crops and pests • Land degradation Amalima Project
  21. 21. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Links to markets, increased income BUT Efficiency of markets (information) Amalima Project
  22. 22. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of • Social behaviour change and communication • Availability and affordability of food • Diversity of food • Post-harvest handling, losses, food safety • Stunting rates: 2010 NNS 2018 NNS National 33.8 26.2 Gwanda 24.7 17.8 Tsholotsho 37.4 24.7 Bulilima 28.6 27.9 Mangwe 29.2 26.2
  23. 23. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Bare ground
  24. 24. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of silted rivers
  25. 25. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Conclusion • Climate Change now widely discussed • CC effects have been accumulative and adaptation has to be “incremental” or evolve • Agricultural communities need to be more visible in Climate Change discussions • Climate Change is complex and integrated approach needed – soils, production, income, human nutrition
  26. 26. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Thank You, Siyabonga

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