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Agricultural Productivity and the issues of land degradation in Africa

Hamady Diop (NEPAD NGR/FNS)

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Agricultural Productivity and the issues of land degradation in Africa

  1. 1. Agricultural Productivity and the issues of land degradation in Africa TOWARDS ACHIEVING AGENDA 2063: THE MALABO DECLARATION ON AGRICULTURAL TRANSFORMATION “Issues of land and Soil productivity” Hamady DIOP, PhD Head of NRG/FNS
  2. 2. Problems of land degradation in Africa • Economic impacts of land degradation – About 16% representing 494 million of hectares of land is degraded in Africa (Ayoub, 1994) – Monetary values of lost production through land degradation is $65 billion (UNEP-GEO) – Widening gap for food security: malnourished people is 15% the 1990 decade with 19 millions tons of cereals purchased in 2003 (value 3.8 billions USD) linked to lost production linked to land degradation – Land degradation affects the poor and the marginalized
  3. 3. Causes of land Degradation in Africa • Biophysical (climate vagaries, water, etc.) • Socio-economics (population growth) • Poor land uses • Inadequate land policies
  4. 4. Policy: Malabo Declaration Commitments Under the Malabo Commitments to end hunger in Africa by 2025 and to Halve Poverty by the year 2025, through Inclusive Agricultural Growth and Transformation, the African Union focus is – sustainable land management and governance; – irrigation and water management; – animal resources development; – technology generation, dissemination and adoption; – agripreneurship for youth and women; and – value chain development
  5. 5. Why improve land quality in Africa • land is the key asset of the rural poor and, therefore, critical for securing sustainable productivity enhancements, livelihoods, farm income and, therefore, national economic growth
  6. 6. Developing a narrative for Land uses and linkages to development in Africa Land management in Africa is important because • Agricultural productivity and food security: Agriculture is the mainstay of most SSA economies, the source of livelihoods and economic growth for a majority of their populations • Water security and access: Increasingly the variation is water availability and access and the threats to water sources are constraining the welfare and growth opportunities for many • Sustainable land and natural resource management: With the reliance on subsistence cultivation and on natural resources extraction for livelihoods by the rural populations of SSA, soil health and SLM are critical factors in sustainable development • Global environmental change, including climatic change: The causes and impacts of climate change are closely tied to the changing land use patterns. Increased vulnerability to climate change risk is particularly affecting the poor in SSA, and sustainable land management is key to adaptation in the rural space
  7. 7. Solutions to Land use problems in Africa The African Union agenda 2063 recommends the following solutions • Implement the continental framework Land Policy Initiative (LPI) • At least 30% of agricultural land is placed under sustainable land management practice • Implementation of the Great Green wall for the Sahara and Sahel Initiative (GGWSSI) as a Framework against desertification and land degradation • Implement fully the AU Framework Guidelines on Land Policy in Africa as well as Guiding Principles on Large Scale Land Based Investments in Africa. • Put in place sustainable land management practices including sound property rights and institutions to ensure security of tenure.
  8. 8. New Partnerships for Africa Development Private Bag 218 Halfway House, Midrand 1685 Gauteng, Johannesburg, South Africa Tel: +27(0) 11 256 3600