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The 4 per 1000 Initiative, general presentation, 2 years later

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Paul Luu (4 per 1000 Initiative)

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The 4 per 1000 Initiative, general presentation, 2 years later

  1. 1. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of The « 4 per 1000 » Initiative, General presentation 2 years later Paul LUU, Executive Secretary June 19th 2018
  2. 2. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of A growing world population & a growing impact on forest
  3. 3. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of A (too) slowly decreasing population of undernourished
  4. 4. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Evolution of the planet temperature (1850 to 2015) (Deviation from the average 1951-1980 in °C from CRU then NASA)
  5. 5. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Increase of atmospheric CO² from 1850 (ppm) Cumulated discharges since 1850 (Gt) Human emissions of CO² & concentration of CO² in the atmosphere since 1850 (NOA)
  6. 6. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Agriculture-related activities = 25% of global greenhouse gas emissions Source: IPCC WGIII - 2010 AFOLU: Agriculture, FOrestry and Land Use
  7. 7. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Importance of Land-Use Change (1)
  8. 8. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Importance of Land-Use Change (2)
  9. 9. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of “Business as usual” (BAU) agriculture emissions would comprise ~50% of allowable emissions to achieve a 2°C world Gt CO2 eq. per year 9 11 40 74 2010 2050 (Business as usual) 2050 (2°C target) Non-agricultural emissions Agricultural and agriculture-driven land-use change emissions ~50% 49 85 22
  10. 10. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Maize T-Max T-Max Yield Yield Rice Climate drives yield variation: our food systems are sensitive to climate, not resilient to it
  11. 11. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of As an introduction: some facts • A growing population with a (too) slowly decreasing number of undernourished • An agriculture in the hot sea due to actions in the other economic sectors to reduce GHG emissions • A need to adapt agriculture and forestry to ongoing climate change
  12. 12. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of From these facts, 3 guidelines for action …. • Act on GHG emissions (mitigation) at all level including agriculture and forestry • Adapt agriculture and forestry to climate change • Ensure food security that will otherwise be strongly impacted by climate change … Through one support: Soils and one action: carbon sequestration
  13. 13. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of • To Contribute to food security & restore degraded soils o Major role of soil organic matter in soil fertility o Yields stability o 30% world soils severely degraded (FAO - 2015) Why storing C in soils? • To Mitigate climate change o Attenuate GHG emissions. OC can be stored in soils for decades to millenia o Low cost negative emission technology • To Adapt to climate change o Soil organic matter increases water retention capacity by soils, o decreases sensitivity to erosion
  14. 14. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Global Soil Organic Carbon Map (GSOC map V1.2.0 – FAO-GSP 2018)
  15. 15. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of 4/1000 : where does it come from? An annual increase of 4 ‰ of the world soil surface C stocks (860*0.004) would nearly compensate the annual CO2 increase of the atmosphere
  16. 16. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Limits and feasability: practices © FAO © R.Cardinael ©agriculturedeconservation © T. Chevallier Rangeland management Conservation agriculture Agroforestry Water management Integrated soil fertility management Organic fertilization Cover crops Soil organic carbon CO 2 Annual 4 per 1000 increase locally attainable Great variability of C storage rates (climate, soil..) Limits : biomass availability, nutrients, water, soil…
  17. 17. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Soil C stocks of the world’s topsoil (0 to 0.3 m) in t/ha
  18. 18. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Country Practice Impact on soil C (‰ year-1) References Benin Crop residues incorporation 6 to 8 Kenne et al. 2016 Ivory Coast Compost 10 t ha-1 yr-1 21 to 23 (after 23 years) Kenne et al. 2016 Cameroon Acacia senegal improved fallow 15 (after 15 years) D’Andouss Kissi et al. 2013 D. R. Congo Acacia auriculiformis improved fallow 5.6 (after 22 years) Bisiaux et al. 2009 Gond et al. 2016 France, Mediterranean zone Wheat / walnut agroforestry associations 7 (after 18 years) Cardinael et al. 2015a, b; 2017 E. Torquebiau et al., CIRAD Some results according to pratices
  19. 19. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Results of COP21 in Paris  Historical agreement: a solid foundation for international climate action  recognizing in its preamble the inclusive concept of “food security”.  Composed of 3 pillars, all including “agriculture and food security”: ➢ The legal instrument of the agreement; ➢ Lima Paris Agenda for Action (LPAA); ➢ National contributions (iNDCs).  LPAA supports and promotes 70 major international multi- stakeholder initiatives for climate (on 12 topics) including 6 on agriculture among which the “4 per 1000” Initiative.
  20. 20. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Paris declaration of intent: • strengthen public policies, tools and actions • maintain or enhance carbon stock in agricultural soils, • encourage research programs to improve knowledge on soil-carbon storage • assess the performance of farming techniques and methods of restoring degraded land • support a participatory approach to build innovative solutions and their adoption by means of training and education programs • share projects, actions, experience and results On December 1st 2015, more than 160 signatories of the declaration of intent (31 countries)
  21. 21. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of The 4°/oo Initiative 4 working axis organized in 2 parts Action Plan • A multi-stakeholder platform to facilitate partnerships • A tool to expertise and evaluate projects based on a set of references and indicators Scientific Program • An international research and scientific cooperation program • A digital resources center on carbon in soils
  22. 22. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Goals of the 4°/oo Initiative Increase carbon sequestration in soils as organic matter, for: ➢ increasing food security ➢ adapting agriculture to climatic changes ➢ mitigating climate change Pursuing the objectives of sustainable development adopted by the United Nations.
  23. 23. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Direct TARGETS ASSOCIATED TARGETS Safeguard TARGETS: help Ex-ante assessment to avoid harmful impacts Land Tenure HumanRight(righttofood,..) Welfare,WellBeing Targets of 4°/oo and SDGs 2016- JL Chotte - Ird
  24. 24. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Declaration of intent 2 (signed mainly in Marrakech) to build an effective and inclusive governance through a light structure without a legal personality with 4 bodies Consultative & collaborative Body ⇒ Forum of the Partners Decision making Body ⇒ Consortium of Members Scientific Body ⇒ Scientific and Technical Committee Executive Body ⇒ Executive Secretariat
  25. 25. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Forum of all the partners Consultative and collaborative body including any organization sharing the principles and objectives of the Initiative The place to build partnerships and collaborations Organized in colleges (figures 16th November 2017): • States and provinces (39) • International & regional organizations, development banks (15) • Research / training institutes and universities (62) • Agricultural producers organizations (35) • Civil society and non-profit foundations (92) • Private businesses (38) At least one annual meeting + digital community
  26. 26. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Consortium of the members Decision making body including any non-profit organizations and partners without commercial goals, having signed the Declaration of Intent of the initiative Decisions on orientation, policy, working program, budget, set of references for projects analysis and evaluation, etc. Decisions by consensus At least one annual meeting coinciding with the Forum + ad- hoc meetings possible
  27. 27. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Scientific & Technical Committee Scientific body composed of 14 internationally recognized scientists, chosen by the Consortium upon proposal of the ES Multidisciplinary group, with a balanced composition regarding the regions of the world and gender issue Each member has to produce regularly a declaration of interest. Brings its scientific basis to the initiative Several meetings per year.
  28. 28. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of propose a set of reference criteria for the evaluation of projects and actions founded on the principles and goals of the Initiative, as well as on the SDGs; formulate advice on projects, actions and programs; formulate proposals for the orientations of the international scientific research and cooperation program and for any cross-cutting issue; Define, produce and/or validate the documents published in the resource center.
  29. 29. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of • Dr. AMIRASLANI Farshad – Socio-eco natural resource management (Iran) • Professor CHENU Claire – Soil scientist – soil organic matter (France) • Dr. GARCIA CARDENAS Magali – Agroclimatology (Bolivia) • Dr. KAONGA Martin – Agroforestry carbon biogeochemistry (Zambia) • Dr. KOUTIKA Lydie-Stella – Soil scientist – soil organic matter (Rep of Congo) • Dr. LADHA Jagdish – Soil fertility and plant nutrition (India) • Dr. MADARI Beata – Soil scientist – C and N cycling (Brazil) • Dr. RUMPEL Cornelia – Forester – terrestrial organic matter (Germany) • Dr. SHIRATO Yasuhito – Agricultural and soil scientist (Japan) • Professor SMITH Pete – Soils and global change (United Kingdom) • Professor SOUDI Brahim – Agronomist – soil science (Morocco) • Dr. SOUSSANA Jean-François – Plant physiologist (France) • Dr. WHITEHEAD David – Crop physiologist – forestry (New Zealand) • Dr. WOLLENBERG Lini – Natural resource management (USA)
  30. 30. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Countries where STC members are coming from
  31. 31. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of International Executive Secretariat Executive body composed of 4 persons under the authority of the Executive Secretary: • Link with research program & Secretariat of the STC • Animation, monitoring and support of projects • Communication and website animation • Assistant of the whole team In charge of the: • Implementation and coordination of the initiative • Support for STC, Consortium, Forum and members Human and financial resources to be provided by volunteer members of the Initiative. Hosted by CGIAR in Montpellier (France)
  32. 32. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Governance of the initiative
  33. 33. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of How to become a partner or a member ? Paris - 2015 Declaration of Intention to support « 4 per 1000 » Initiative Marrakesh - 2016 Declaration of Intention for the formation of « 4 per 1000 » Initiative Consortium Signing to become a PARTNER and participate to the FORUM Signing to become a MEMBER and participate to the CONSORTIUM (not open to commercial or for-profit organizations)
  34. 34. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Partners & Members Members Partners Etc.
  35. 35. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of FORUM partners 281 (+ 62) signatories of the Paris Declaration Including 39 (+3) countries and provinces,11 (+1) international organizations, 10 (+5) foundations and development banks, 88 (+17) NGos, 62 (+13) research bodies & Universities, 35 (+4) Farmers organizations and 36 (+19) enterprises Partners & Members (Nov. 2017 + pending) CONSORTIUM Members Already 149 (+28) signatories of the Declaration of Intention n°2 Chair : Dr. Ibrahim MAYAKI (ES NEPAD) Vice-Chair : Mr. Stephane LE FOLL (ex - Min. Agriculture – France)
  36. 36. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Main deliverables since 2016 • Installation of the Executive Secretariat • Adoption by the Consortium upon the STC proposal of: • a set of reference criteria for the evaluation of projects and actions • orientations of the international scientific research and cooperation program • Opening of the website « 4 per 1000 » • Opening of the collaborative platform • Adoption of a communication plan • Development of cooperation on SCS
  37. 37. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Set of reference criteria for evaluation of projects & actions Criteria, indicators, methods and units Soil carbon and land conservation or restoration Food security Mitigation AdaptationSafeguards
  38. 38. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Set of reference criteria for evaluation of projects & actions Finalization via the work of a Task force Default methodology elaborated by STC TASK FORCE Project Holders (CARI, AVSF, TNC, RI, APAD) Funders (AFD, The GEF, WB, Mirova –LND fund) STC (Chair and 3 members) + Exc. Sec. + 2 extern. experts MEETING (1st March) MEETING (9th March) FINAL MEETING (16th March) Conclusions & Recommendations
  39. 39. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Set of reference criteria for evaluation of projects & actions Conclusions & Recommendations of the Task Force • Recommendations to the STC to continue its work taking into account the following : ❖ To improve the set of indicators concentrating mainly in SOC sequestration, but without forgetting other criteria. ❖ To find a system to allow self-assessment of projects by stakeholders to reduce costs and time. ❖ To concentrate to contribute to create better projects in the line of 4p1000. ❖ to consider the usefullness of the assessment to the funders • “Expert opinion/assessment” instead of a “4p1000” label to start. • Elaboration of a questionnaire to the project holders in order to collect and sort the necessary information for the assessment of the project, in addition to all available documents. Questionnaire to be sent to Task Force for consultation. • Finalization of a procedure for assessment of projects to be sent to the Task Force for consultation
  40. 40. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Set of reference criteria for evaluation of projects & actions Draft procedure for project assessment Steps Project Holder Executive Secretary Team of reviewers Announcement of the call for submission for assessment Submission Administrative revision of submissions request for revised documents (if appl.) Revision of submission Revised submission (if appl.) Assignation to reviewers and acceptance Assignation to the team of reviewers Deadline for review First version of report Checking of review report Checking request for additionnal review (if appli.) Submission of review report Final version of report Communication of final report Communication of final report
  41. 41. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of 1st Pillar: Estimating the potential of soil carbon sequestration and associated benefits 2nd Pillar: Developing practices adapted to specific soil and climate conditions 3rd Pillar: Define and strengthen the enabling environment 4th Pillar: Monitoring, reporting and verification of soil carbon The Four pillars of the International Research and Scientific Cooperation Program
  42. 42. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of www.4p1000.org
  43. 43. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of The Collaborative Platform
  44. 44. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Meetings Dates Place Country STC n°2 24th & 25th March Rome Italy STC n°3 28th June Montpellier France Consortium n°2 29th & 30th June Montpellier France STC n°4 14th & 15th November Bonn Germany Forum n°2 16th November Bonn Germany Consortium n°3 16th November Bonn Germany Meetings of the Initiative in 2017 Meetings Dates Place Country COP 13 UNCCD 4th to 15th September Ordos Inner Mongolia - China Event under « 4 per 1000 » auspices 13th to 15th October Montréal Canada COP 23 UNFCCC 16th November Bonn Allemagne
  45. 45. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of
  46. 46. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Future Policy Vision Award 2017 Ordos (Inner Mongolia – China) 12th September 2017 During COP 13 UNCCD - High Level Segment Reception
  47. 47. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of From 2018: Time for action ! • Elaborating and promoting good practices in the field with and from farmers • Encouraging, evaluating and finding funds for projects at different scales with all partners using the collaborative platform • Accompanying countries and regions in the elaboration and implementation of policies. • Organizing regional meetings • Etc.
  48. 48. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Meetings Dates Place Country Continental Sequestration of Carbon 1st and 2nd February Montpellier France Soils & Climate: from hidden depths to center stage ? 8th February London UK World Sustainable Development Summit 2018 14th to 17th March New Delhi India STC Meeting n°5 5 to 7th June Madrid Spain Soil Health Event 19th June Washington DC USA G20 Agriculture 28th July Buenos Aires Argentina World Congress of Soil Science 12th to 17th August Rio de Janeiro Brazil Global Climate Action Summit 12th to 14th September San Francisco USA 5th International Rice Congres 15th to 17th October Singapore Singapore “4 per 1000” Africa Symposium 24th to 26th October Johannesburg South Africa STC Meeting n°6 & 2nd « 4 per 1000 » Initiative Day 11th -12th and 13th December Katowice Poland International meetings identified as priority for the Initiative in 2018
  49. 49. « 4 per 1000 » Africa Symposium Johannesburg, 24-26th October 2018 With the support of Thank you for your attention….

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