Hello,My name is Troy Gordon. I am here to present my power point on Assistive Technology and the iPad.
This presentation is designed to provoke thought and promote the innovation of the iPad as a cutting edge technology tool for the enhancement of learning within the field of special education.
What is assistive technology? Assistive technology is defined as any device, piece of equipment or system that helps bypass, work around or compensate for an individual's specific learning deficits.
There are many forms of assistive technology. They range from hearing aids to alternative keyboards to various forms of software.
Access to assistive technology for individuals with disabilities opens the door to their increased independence in home, school and work settings. Through the aid of these devices, their learning experiences are enhanced, promoting equality in the classroom. This often frees them up to establish an identity and releases some of the day to day stress of the primary care givers.
Who benefits from Assistive Technology? Everyone… Students, teachers, and parents.
Everyone benefits from AT because the AT gives support to all the participatory parties involved for the purpose of enhanced instruction.
TheiPad as an assistive technology tool within the field of special education is a no brainer. This tool has the capacity to address a litany of exceptionalities through the use of an infinite number of apps. The apps provide the support and framework for many different impairments like autism, hearing impaired and the visually impaired.
In a 1983 speech Steve Jobs reveals that Apple has been working on the iPad tablet for roughly 27 years. In his speech he stated that Apple wanted to build a computer in a book that was mobile and could connect to large databases elsewhere. Assistive technology needed this innovation because it cut down on the number of devices a school had to purchase and could invest in only one that could provide multiple services.
There are many advantages to utilizing the iPad for schools. They are portability, design, user friendly to name a few.
There are a few disadvantages as well. Some of the disadvantages are no multiple screen activity, no USB ports and no compatibility with Adobe flash.
There are unlimited options when it comes to utilizing the iPad and its apps for the purpose of education. The options range from apps that cover the core subjects like math and science to games for entertainment to apps that address the needs of students with exceptionalities.
There are many videos and presentations on the Internet that provide insight and data on the benefits of iPad’s as a tool for assistive technology. Here are a few.
Here is a pre-iPad timeline.
Here is a iPad timeline after its release in 2009.
“One must learn by doing the thing, for though you think you know it, you have no certainty until you try. (Sophocles, 400 b.c.) The process of knowing filters through the Decision Innovation Process. There are 5 stages to this process. They are knowledge, persuasion, decision, implementation, and confirmation.
This is the background information on the innovation and who will adopt.
This is the information that shows why you need to utilize this tool.
If you look at the facts you really only have one choice and that is to adopt.
Creating and designing the implementation portion is very important in the diffusion process for adoption.
Confirmation is where all the decisions will be made about how many units, when and where the innovation will be employed.
Apple is one of the most successful companies in the world. The technology products it has produced have reached best selling in a plethora of categories ranging from the sales of the iPod, iPhone, and the iPad. These sales have been fueled by a well conceived marketing and advertising plan that utilize cool ads, branding and conferences that infuse knowledge and hype about their products.
The iPad rate of adoption has shown yearly increases in sales since its release in 2009.
Steve Jobs has been the leading force behind Apple and all of its major product releases in the last 30 years.
Early adopters play an essential role in the diffusion of a new innovation.
It is essential that users are provided with the opportunity to get hands on training with new innovations for the purpose of observability and trialability.
Laggards must be identified immediately and targeted for training and professional development.
Providing professional development, training, and support by providing peer mentors should enhance adoption rate within this group.
Achieving critical mass is essential. It is gained through the steps of this process which is understanding the relative advantage, compatibility, complexity, observability and trialbility of the innovation.
A “Decentralized Approach” will work best for the adoption of the iPad because of the peer to peer interaction in the school setting involving both teachers and students.
This is the target group which we will employ to disseminate the necessary information to the masses for the purpose of adoption.
The change agents will diagnose the problem or issues, evaluate the system and provide training and support to the users.
Currently this innovation has not reached critical mass in most schools. Through this presentation we hope this is where the change begins.
Due to the fact that the iPad has not achieved critical mass within my school system I believe the first strategy to combat this lack of diffusion would be to target highly respected professionals that can influence the masses and issue iPad’s for their use in their classrooms. Once the test group gains confidence and insight into the innovation have them facilitate a professional development for the purpose of introducing and teaching the other teachers about the innovation.The next strategy to be employed is to implement an incentive based system that rewards the innovators for employing this new innovation in the rituals and routines of their classroom instruction.
This group of Champions will go out and spread the good word on the innovation. This group will also provide support and mentoring for the late adopters and laggards.
Can schools continue to lag behind other industries when it comes to the implementation of technology when research has shown how effective the use of the various innovations can be?
This presentation has shown that the iPad can be a tremendous asset to people who have impairments. Why wouldn’t we utilize a tool that is both affordable and multi-faceted for people of varied exceptionalities and impairments. Can we continue to deny them the right to a tool that gives them a voice and their independence? Do we want to? Is it prudent to the success of our school system to continue to do so?
This concludes my presentation on Assistive Technology and the iPad. I hope this innovation gets confirmed for adoption because it is truly needed.
EDUC 7101 Assistive Technology and the iPad
Assistive Technology:The Apple iPadPresenter: Troy D. Gordon
Dragon Dictation: VoiceRecognition SoftwareSpeak Text for eBook: Speak &Translate eBookSpeak it! Text to SpeechVerbally: AugmentativeCommunicationProloquo2go: AugmentativeCommunicationEveryday Social Skills: Designedto Teach and Reinforce BasicSocial SkillsVizWiz: App for Visual ConcernsSign 4 Me for iPad: Learning SignLanguage
60 minutes Autism App Symbolstixhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W3N1lVp27tUChild with Special Needs uses iPad to AnswerQuestionshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0EulS1MTqDoApps for the iPad and Assistive Technologyhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3CXZa4FklpAVoiceover iPads Assistive Technologyhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rYg1aTd4bAYEnrique Finding His Voicehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x7DPlMpCMIQ
Visit this Tiki-Toki for futher timeline information:http://www.tiki-toki.com/timeline/entry/130611/Assistive-Technology-w-an-Emphasis-on-the-iPad/#vars!date=2010-01-01_16:25:11 July 1888: THE 1ST TABLET: TELAUTOGRAPHElisha Gray was an engineer from Oberlin College that invented the telautograph. Thetelautograph was the first electronic writing device to receive a patent, which was awardedin 1888. It was considered to be more like a fax machine than the contemporary tablet. January 1983: STEVE JOBS SPEECHIn a 1983 speech Steve Jobs reveals that Apple has been working on the iPad tablet forroughly 27 years. In his speech he stated that Apple wanted to build a computer in a bookthat was mobile and could connect to large databases elsewhere. January 1993: APPLES 1ST TABLET COMPUTERApples first tablet computer was the Newton Message Pad 100, which was introduced in1993. November 1998: WEB PADMicrosofts Windows CE-based Companion invented the "webpad" which was a geodechip-based design. Unfortunately the product did not catch on.
January 2010: IPAD INTRODUCEDApple announced the iPad. It was based around a 9.7-inch LED-backlit multi-touch display. January 2011: 15 MILLION IPADS SOLDSales indicate that Apple sold 14.8 milion iPads by the end of 2010. March 2011: IPAD 2The iPad 2 is the second generation iPad, a tablet computer designed, developed andmarketed by Apple Inc. It serves primarily as a platform for audio-visual media includingbooks, news, movies, music, games, presentations and web content. October 2012: IPAD MINIThe iPad Mini is a mini tablet computer designed, developed, and marketed by Apple Inc. Itwas announced on October 23, 2012, as the fifth major product in the iPad line and the firstto feature a reduced screen size of 7.9 inches, in contrast to the standard 9.7 inches. September 2013: IPAD 3Launched in 2013, the third generation iPad (marketed as The new iPad, sometimes knownas the iPad 3) is a tablet computer, developed and marketed by Apple Inc. The third devicein the iPad line of tablets, added a Retina display, the new Apple A5X chip with a quad-coregraphics processor, a 5 megapixel camera, HD 1080p video recording, voice dictation, 4G(LTE) and Siri
Knowledge Socio-economic-Educated-High income Personality-Anyone Communication-Social media networks-Email-IM
Persuasion Relative Advantage-User friendly, portable light weight Compatibility-teachers and students Complexity-user friendly, easy to use touch screen Trialability-Technology professional development and training ObservabilityTrainings, video presentations
Implementation Power brokers and selected members from the professionaldevelopment groups will decide on the implementation of theinnovation.
Confirmation Power brokers and selected members from the professionaldevelopment group will decide on how many units topurchase and how to disseminate the technology through theworkforce.
Commercialization Apple product specific conferences Cool advertising campaign Apple Store Create hype before products come to market Gag order on all employees about Apple products andproduct development Use of Apple specific parts and technology Discounts to educators
Digital Immigrants Older School StaffMembers Policy Makers District Personnel
A “Decentralized Approach” will work best for theadoption of the iPad because of the peer to peerinteraction in the school setting involving bothteachers and students.User controlledBrings educators togetherBrings students togetherApplicable for school environmentDesign is advantageous for meeting needs ofteachers and students.
InnovatorsTechnology specialistApple product usersAdministratorsTeachers (specificallyspecial ed. But notlimited to)
Roles of Change Agents Diagnose problem Use data to show howinnovation can improvesituation Establish network for trainingand professionaldevelopment implementingthe innovation for bestpractices Implement specific timeframe for innovation to beutilized Commit to the change
Critical mass occurs at the pointwhich enough individuals in a systemhave adopted an innovation so thatthe innovation’s rate of adoptionbecomes self-sustaining.(Rogers, 2003) The iPad has not metcritical mass in the field of education.
Select professionals that are respected Incentive based rewards
Champions Teachers Students Parents Technology Specialist Special Education teachers
Question of the day?Can schools continue to lag behind other industries when itcomes to the implementation of technology when research hasshown how effective the use of the various innovations can be.
References Raskind, M., Stanberry, K. (2012). Assistive technology for kids with LD: Anoverview. Retrieved on March 15, 2013 from, http://www.greatschools.org/special-education/assistive-technology/702-assistive-technology-for-kids-with-learning-disabilities-an-overview.gs Rogers, E. (2003). Diffusion of Innovations. New York, NY: Free Press Stephanie Torreno. (2012, June 6). The Benefits of Assistive Technology inSchools. Retrieved from http://www.brighthubeducation.com/special-ed-law/73643-the-benefits-of-assisstive-technology-in-schools/