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Meeting Special Needs in the 
Classroom
12% of people in the 
United States have a 
disability. 
12%
IDEA* defines 13 categories of 
disabilities. 
*IDEA – Individuals with Disabilities Education Act 
Learning 
disabilities...
Any device, equipment, or service that improves the 
learning and capabilities of students with 
disabilities.
Low-Tech 
Mid-Tech 
High-Tech
Instructional practices are 
specific teaching methods 
that guide interaction in the 
classroom. 
Includes: 
• Programs 
...
Let’s move on to the specific 
needs of your classroom.
Easily distracted 
Makes careless 
mistakes 
Difficulty 
organizing 
Losing items 
Fidgets with 
hands or feet 
Talks 
exc...
Bouncy, inflatable seat cushion 
• Students put energy in squirming on it but stay in 
their seat 
“Koosh ball” or other s...
Reduce 
seating 
distractions 
Sit the child 
near the teacher 
rather than the 
window 
Break down 
assignments 
Keep 
in...
Students with learning 
disabilities have 
average or about-average 
intelligence 
BUT still struggle to 
acquire certain ...
Dyslexia • Processing language 
Dyscalculia •Math skills 
Dysgraphia •Written expressions 
Dyspraxia • Fine motor skills 
...
Graphic 
organizers 
and outlining 
Word 
processing 
programs 
Alternative 
keyboards 
Audio books 
Speech-recognition 
s...
Allow verbal responses 
Allow frequent breaks 
Provide a space with minimal distractions 
Provide on-task/focusing prompts...
Otitis 
Media 
Ear 
infections 
Congenital 
Causes 
Hereditary 
Prenatal 
infections 
Illnesses Toxins 
Acquired 
Causes 
...
Distinguishing 
one sound 
from another 
Identifying 
similarities and 
differences in 
sound patterns 
Blending, 
isolati...
Hearing 
Assistive 
Technology 
System 
Speaker wears a microphone 
that relays sounds directly to 
the individual’s heari...
Face the 
student 
Reduce 
noise 
Well lit 
room 
Small 
group 
work
References 
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (2014). “Hearing Assistive 
Technology.” Retrieved Oct 01, 2014 ...
Assistive Technology
Assistive Technology
Assistive Technology
Assistive Technology
Assistive Technology
Assistive Technology
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Assistive Technology

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Assistive technology and instructional practices for teaching students with disabilities (specifically ADHD, learning disabilities, and auditory disabilities)

Published in: Education
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Assistive Technology

  1. 1. Meeting Special Needs in the Classroom
  2. 2. 12% of people in the United States have a disability. 12%
  3. 3. IDEA* defines 13 categories of disabilities. *IDEA – Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Learning disabilities Physical impairments Speech or language impairments Intellectual disabilities Emotional disturbance Multiple disabilities Hearing impairments Other health impairments Visual impairments Autism Deaf/Blindness Traumatic brain injury Developmental delays
  4. 4. Any device, equipment, or service that improves the learning and capabilities of students with disabilities.
  5. 5. Low-Tech Mid-Tech High-Tech
  6. 6. Instructional practices are specific teaching methods that guide interaction in the classroom. Includes: • Programs • Interventions • Strategies • Activities
  7. 7. Let’s move on to the specific needs of your classroom.
  8. 8. Easily distracted Makes careless mistakes Difficulty organizing Losing items Fidgets with hands or feet Talks excessively Constantly “on the go” Interrupting others Difficulty waiting for turn Giving answers before the question is finished
  9. 9. Bouncy, inflatable seat cushion • Students put energy in squirming on it but stay in their seat “Koosh ball” or other squishy thing to manipulate Highlighters to highlight directions or important words or phrases Create a “window” in a piece of cardboard to expose only one or two lines of print.
  10. 10. Reduce seating distractions Sit the child near the teacher rather than the window Break down assignments Keep instructions clear and brief Break down large tasks into small pieces Assign a “study buddy” Study buddy reminds and assists Use alert clues Gains the students attention
  11. 11. Students with learning disabilities have average or about-average intelligence BUT still struggle to acquire certain skills. • Listening • Speaking • Reading •Writing • Spelling • Reasoning • Mathematics
  12. 12. Dyslexia • Processing language Dyscalculia •Math skills Dysgraphia •Written expressions Dyspraxia • Fine motor skills • Interpreting auditory information Auditory Processing Disorder • Interpreting visual information Visual Processing Disorder ADHD • Concentration and focus
  13. 13. Graphic organizers and outlining Word processing programs Alternative keyboards Audio books Speech-recognition software Variable speed tape recorders
  14. 14. Allow verbal responses Allow frequent breaks Provide a space with minimal distractions Provide on-task/focusing prompts Break down large tasks into smaller segments
  15. 15. Otitis Media Ear infections Congenital Causes Hereditary Prenatal infections Illnesses Toxins Acquired Causes Disease Condition Injury
  16. 16. Distinguishing one sound from another Identifying similarities and differences in sound patterns Blending, isolating, or separating sounds in words Auditory memory
  17. 17. Hearing Assistive Technology System Speaker wears a microphone that relays sounds directly to the individual’s hearing aid. Computerized speech recognition The computer changes spoken messages into readable text documents Closed-captioning on TV or videos Text is displayed for spoken dialogue and sounds
  18. 18. Face the student Reduce noise Well lit room Small group work
  19. 19. References American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (2014). “Hearing Assistive Technology.” Retrieved Oct 01, 2014 from http://www.asha.org/public/hearing/Hearing-Assistive-Technology/ Behrmann, M., Jerome, M. C. (2002). “Assistive Technology for Students with Mild Disabilities” ERIC Clearinghouse on Disabilities and Gifted Education Arlington VA. Retrieved Oct 01, 2014 from http://www.ericdigests.org/2003-1/assistive.htm Erickson, W., Lee, C., von Schrader, S. (2014). Disability Statistics from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Employment and Disability Institute (EDI). Retrieved Oct 01, 2014 from www.disabilitystatistics.org Friend, M. (2014). Special Education: Contemporary Perspectives for School Professionals. (4th edition). New Jersey: Pearson. GreatSchools.org (2014). “Assistive Technology.” Oakland, CA. LD Online (2010). “Accommodations for Students with LD.” National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities. Washington, D.C. Retrieved Oct 01, 2014 at http://www.ldonline.org/article/Accommodations_for_Students_with_LD North Shore Pediatric Therapy. (2014). “ADHDInfographic.com” Retrieved Oct 01, 2014. Richert, Kit. (2014). “How to Help Your Student with an Auditory Processing Disorder.” Teaching Community. Retrieved Oct 02, 2014 from http://teaching.monster.com/benefits/articles/2324-how-to-help-your-student-with- an-auditory-processing-disorder

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