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Fast radio followup of GRBs
Tim Staley
University of Southampton
SKA-KAT Offices, Capetown, November 2012
WWW: 4pisky.org ,...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
COLLABORATORS
Southampton: Rene Breton, Rob F...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
OUTLINE
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT
A QUICK INTRODUC...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
OUTLINE
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT
A QUICK INTRODUC...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
A LITTLE BACKGROUND
A few major producers of ...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
A LITTLE BACKGROUND
A few major producers of ...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
A LITTLE BACKGROUND
A few major producers of ...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
MANUAL RADIO FOLLOW UP OF
GRBS
Data from Chan...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
4 PI SKY
4 Pi Sky is a collaborative project ...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
LOFAR (NETHERLANDS)
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
KAT7 / MEERKAT (SOUTH AFRICA)
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
AMI-LA (UK)
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
OPTICAL FOLLOWUP: LT AND PT5M
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
OPTICAL FOLLOWUP: LT AND PT5M
(LA PALMA)
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
A PROTOTYPE PROJECT: SWIFT-AMI
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
A PROTOTYPE PROJECT: SWIFT-AMI
15 GHz central...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
GRBS FROM SWIFT BAT
Good targets for AMI: ≈ 3...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
GRBS FROM SWIFT BAT
Good targets for AMI: ≈ 3...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
GRBS FROM SWIFT BAT
Good targets for AMI: ≈ 3...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
OUTLINE
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT
A QUICK INTRODUC...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
THE RELATIVISTIC FIREBALL MODEL
M. Rees and P...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
SYNCHROTRON AFTERGLOW
Chandra and Frail, 2012.
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
SYNCHROTRON AFTERGLOW
Modelling allows us to ...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
GAMMA RAY BURST FLAVOURS
‘Gamma Ray Burst’ is...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
COMMON OR GARDEN LONG GRBS
Image credit: D. B...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
COMMON OR GARDEN LONG GRBS
T90 > 2 seconds.
E...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
COMMON OR GARDEN LONG GRBS
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
SHORT GRBS
L. Rezzolla et al 2011
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
OTHER GRB TRIGGERS
Soft Gamma Repeaters / Mag...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
EARLY RADIO EMISSION?
(Soderberg 2006)
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
EARLY RADIO EMISSION?
(Bannister 2012)
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
PRIOR RADIO OBSERVATIONS
Data from Chanda and...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
PRIOR RADIO OBSERVATIONS
Data from Chanda and...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
PRIOR RADIO OBSERVATIONS
(Excluding Dave Gree...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
OUTLINE
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT
A QUICK INTRODUC...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
SYSTEM COMPONENTS
4 Pi Sky
SWIFT
BAT
GCN Come...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
FASTER RESPONSE TIMES
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
SYSTEM TIMESCALES BREAKDOWN
4 Pi Sky
SWIFT
BA...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
OUTLINE
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT
A QUICK INTRODUC...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
EARLY CONSTRAINTS
GRB
ID
Hours
since
burst
3σ...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
GRB120326A LIGHTCURVE
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35
T...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
SOFTWARE TOOLS DEVELOPED
Comet: A VOEvent nod...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
SOFTWARE TOOLS DEVELOPED:
TKP-WEB
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
OUTLINE
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT
A QUICK INTRODUC...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
FULLY AUTOMATED DATA
REDUCTION
4 Pi Sky
SWIFT...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
LOFAR-UK: TIME MACHINE
4 Pi Sky
SWIFT
BAT
GCN...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
LOFAR-UK: TIME MACHINE
LOFAR stations include...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
NETWORKING
4 Pi Sky
SWIFT
BAT
GCN Comet
pysov...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
WIDER ADOPTION OF VOEVENTS?
GRB notices could...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
WIDER ADOPTION OF VOEVENTS?
GRB notices could...
THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
SUMMARY
It’s a great time to be a radio astro...
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Fast radio follow-up of GRBs

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An early talk on the ALARRM rapid radio follow-up project, touching on the science of GRB progenitors and possible LOFAR science

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Fast radio follow-up of GRBs

  1. 1. Fast radio followup of GRBs Tim Staley University of Southampton SKA-KAT Offices, Capetown, November 2012 WWW: 4pisky.org , timstaley.co.uk
  2. 2. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK COLLABORATORS Southampton: Rene Breton, Rob Fender, et al. Cambridge: David Titterington, Keith Grainge, Guy Pooley. Amsterdam: John Swinbank, Alexander van der Horst, Antonia Rowlinson. Capetown: Richard Armstrong et al.
  3. 3. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK OUTLINE THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
  4. 4. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK OUTLINE THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
  5. 5. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK A LITTLE BACKGROUND A few major producers of transient alerts dominate: NASA (Swift, Fermi, Integral, ...) — Gamma-ray, X-ray
  6. 6. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK A LITTLE BACKGROUND A few major producers of transient alerts dominate: NASA (Swift, Fermi, Integral, ...) — Gamma-ray, X-ray Catalina Real-Time Transient Survey (CRTS) — Optical (1 / 2 colours)
  7. 7. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK A LITTLE BACKGROUND A few major producers of transient alerts dominate: NASA (Swift, Fermi, Integral, ...) — Gamma-ray, X-ray Catalina Real-Time Transient Survey (CRTS) — Optical (1 / 2 colours) Palomar Transient Factory (PTF) — Optical ( 1 / 2 colours, spectroscopic followup)
  8. 8. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK MANUAL RADIO FOLLOW UP OF GRBS Data from Chanda and Frail, 2012. ∼ 8GHz.
  9. 9. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK 4 PI SKY 4 Pi Sky is a collaborative project aimed at radio transient science. (Or to put it another way: you build the telescopes, we’ll build the network.) Developing discovery and follow up tools.
  10. 10. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK LOFAR (NETHERLANDS)
  11. 11. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK KAT7 / MEERKAT (SOUTH AFRICA)
  12. 12. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK AMI-LA (UK)
  13. 13. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK OPTICAL FOLLOWUP: LT AND PT5M
  14. 14. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK OPTICAL FOLLOWUP: LT AND PT5M (LA PALMA)
  15. 15. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK A PROTOTYPE PROJECT: SWIFT-AMI
  16. 16. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK A PROTOTYPE PROJECT: SWIFT-AMI 15 GHz central frequency, 4.5 GHz bandwidth 5.5 arcmin (∼ 0.1◦ ) primary beam (FoV) 30 arcsec synthesised beam (PSF FWHM) ≈ 0.1mJy noise level, 1 hr image Looking for a new role.
  17. 17. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK GRBS FROM SWIFT BAT Good targets for AMI: ≈ 3 arcminute initial localization.
  18. 18. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK GRBS FROM SWIFT BAT Good targets for AMI: ≈ 3 arcminute initial localization. Once every 3 days or so. Now publishing as VOEvents.
  19. 19. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK GRBS FROM SWIFT BAT Good targets for AMI: ≈ 3 arcminute initial localization. Once every 3 days or so. Now publishing as VOEvents. GRBs are interesting!
  20. 20. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK OUTLINE THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
  21. 21. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK THE RELATIVISTIC FIREBALL MODEL M. Rees and P. Meszaros, 1992; W. Zhang and S. Woosley, 2004.
  22. 22. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK SYNCHROTRON AFTERGLOW Chandra and Frail, 2012.
  23. 23. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK SYNCHROTRON AFTERGLOW Modelling allows us to estimate the energy released, and place constraints on the density of the circumstellar medium. Chandra and Frail, 2012.
  24. 24. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK GAMMA RAY BURST FLAVOURS ‘Gamma Ray Burst’ is a purely observational term — says nothing about the progenitor. But we tend to refer to the two most common progenitor classes as ‘GRBs’ out of convenience.
  25. 25. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK COMMON OR GARDEN LONG GRBS Image credit: D. Berry
  26. 26. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK COMMON OR GARDEN LONG GRBS T90 > 2 seconds. E ∼ 1051 ergs. ∼ 90% of GRBs. Sometimes observe a supernova in days after the GRB — progenitors thought to be giant stars.
  27. 27. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK COMMON OR GARDEN LONG GRBS
  28. 28. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK SHORT GRBS L. Rezzolla et al 2011
  29. 29. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK OTHER GRB TRIGGERS Soft Gamma Repeaters / Magnetars Flare stars AGN flares (Generally not referred to as ‘GRBs’)
  30. 30. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK EARLY RADIO EMISSION? (Soderberg 2006)
  31. 31. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK EARLY RADIO EMISSION? (Bannister 2012)
  32. 32. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK PRIOR RADIO OBSERVATIONS Data from Chanda and Frail, 2012. ∼ 8GHz.
  33. 33. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK PRIOR RADIO OBSERVATIONS Data from Chanda and Frail, 2012.
  34. 34. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK PRIOR RADIO OBSERVATIONS (Excluding Dave Green et al. 1995)
  35. 35. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK OUTLINE THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
  36. 36. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK SYSTEM COMPONENTS 4 Pi Sky SWIFT BAT GCN Comet pysovo AMI Data reduction TraP
  37. 37. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK FASTER RESPONSE TIMES
  38. 38. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK SYSTEM TIMESCALES BREAKDOWN 4 Pi Sky SWIFT BAT GCN Comet pysovo AMI Data reduction TraP BAT: 13-30 sec GCN: ~2 sec GCN -> AMI: ~5 sec Slew: 4 min
  39. 39. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK OUTLINE THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
  40. 40. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK EARLY CONSTRAINTS GRB ID Hours since burst 3σ upper limit (mJy) GRB120305A 0.07 0.316 GRB120308A 0.08 0.164 GRB120311A 0.07 0.230 GRB120320A 14.32 0.196 GRB120324A 0.07 0.218 GRB120326A 7.37 0.430 GRB120403A 7.48 0.238 GRB120404A 11.32 0.223 GRB120422A 6.41 0.616 GRB120514A 50.91 0.211 GRB120521C 0.24 0.302
  41. 41. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK GRB120326A LIGHTCURVE 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Time since BAT trigger (days) 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 Fluxdensity(mJy) GRB120326A
  42. 42. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK SOFTWARE TOOLS DEVELOPED Comet: A VOEvent node. (John Swinbank) Pysovo: VOEvent handling / triggering tools (TS). AMI-casapy-reduce: Meta-pipeline for automated imaging of AMI data (TS). TraP: Transients detection and classification pipeline (LOFAR-TKP).
  43. 43. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK SOFTWARE TOOLS DEVELOPED: TKP-WEB
  44. 44. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK OUTLINE THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK
  45. 45. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK FULLY AUTOMATED DATA REDUCTION 4 Pi Sky SWIFT BAT GCN Comet pysovo AMI Data reduction TraP
  46. 46. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK LOFAR-UK: TIME MACHINE 4 Pi Sky SWIFT BAT GCN Comet pysovo AMI Data reduction TraP LOFAR- UK FERMI
  47. 47. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK LOFAR-UK: TIME MACHINE LOFAR stations include ’transient buffer boards’, these allow us a ’look-back’ functionality akin to BBC nature’s rolling buffer cameras, e.g. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v= n-t2ayKadD0
  48. 48. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK NETWORKING 4 Pi Sky SWIFT BAT GCN Comet pysovo AMI Data reduction TraP LOFAR- UK FERMI Southern hemisphere ? ??? Comet
  49. 49. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK WIDER ADOPTION OF VOEVENTS? GRB notices could be easily automated.
  50. 50. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK WIDER ADOPTION OF VOEVENTS? GRB notices could be easily automated. We need this for smart automated follow-up of GRBs!
  51. 51. THE 4 PI SKY PROJECT A QUICK INTRODUCTION TO GRBS SYSTEM RESULTS FUTURE WORK SUMMARY It’s a great time to be a radio astronomer. Doubly so if you’re into transients. Transient software is out there, talk to us if you’re interested!

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