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Btp Town Planning in Ancient India



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Indian town planning
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Btp Town Planning in Ancient India

  1. 1. Mughal Period (1526 -1707 A.D.) . The beginning of the empire is conventionally dated to the founder Babur's victory over Ibrahim Lodi, the last ruler of the Delhi Sultanate in the First Battle of Panipat (1526). The "classic period" of the Mughal Empire started in 1556 with the ascension of Akbar the Great to the throne.
  2. 2. During Mughal period various cities and monumental structures of architecture excellence were constructed. Cities like Agra, Delhi were re- developed. Fatehpur - Sikri was entirely planned. Many gardens and parks were developed.
  3. 3. Important gardens developed during Mughal period: o Kabul Bagh at Panipat by Babar
  4. 4. Shalimar Bagh at Kashmir by Shah Jahan
  5. 5. Indus Valley civilisation (3000 B.C) • The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilisation (3300–1300 BCE; mature period 2600–1900 BCE) extending from what today is northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India • the Indus Civilization may have had a population of over five million. Inhabitants of the ancient Indus river valley developed new techniques in handicraft (carnelian products, seal carving) and metallurgy (copper, bronze, lead, and tin). • The Indus cities are noted for their urban planning, baked brick houses, elaborate drainage systems, water supply systems, and clusters of large non-residential buildings
  6. 6. • The Indus valley civilisation had greatly developed as that of ancient Mesopotamia. • The cities had highly advanced system of town planning. • The city of Mohenjo-Daro as shown in fig was located on two mounds, one 1183*546m and other 364*273 m with the population of 70,000. • The city was built systematically.
  7. 7. • The street 9 m wide divided the city in 12 blocks each 365*244m. • The layout of street based on ‘Grid-iron Plan’. • Houses were of varying sizes and storeys, constructed with bricks walls. • A series of rooms were arranged around an open-to-sky central court. • The residences has no direct entrance opening to the main streets.
  8. 8. • Almost every house built of kiln –brick had complete bathing establishment. • The city had very well planned drainage system.
  9. 9. • There were manholes located at different places for inspection and cleaning. • Market halls, granaries, offices were neatly planned. • The great bath of Mohenjo-Daro had a remarkable system of filling and emptying. • It was made water tight with layers of bitumen, and was surrounded by toilets and private baths. • The Indus valley culture collapsed due to catastrophe.
  10. 10. Thank you