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Neighbourhood Planning

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Neighbourhood Planning

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Neighbourhood Planning

  1. 1. BY SHERCHANDRA SHRESTHA B.tech., Civil(6thSemester) Section: CE-2 Subject: Principle of Town Planning and Architecture I.D.: CI2012094 Roll No.: 1210302092 INVERTIS UNIVRSITY, BAREILLY. NEIGHBOURHOOD PLANNING
  2. 2. NEIGHBOURHOOD PLANNING It is an American idea and is based on the simple principle that one is planning for society and not for aggregate of houses.  In case of big towns, it sometimes becomes difficult to develop a sense of neighbourliness, mainly for two reasons.  They are:
  3. 3.  The neighbours are not dependent on one another’s company and aid because city life gives a wide field of acquaintance and entertainment.  The neighbours may not have common modes and habits of living. The neighbourhood planning is an attempt to form various physical units of residential areas in which people belonging to a particular rank of life settles or stay. It is the intention of a town planner to rejuvenate the valuable idea of neighbourhood which have been lost in busy uncontrolled city life.
  4. 4. All the residential units are now planned on neighbourhood principle. It is a small unit which serves the local community and encourages them to foster a neighbourhood spirit or relationship which seems to have been lost in the modern city life. It should possess the best qualities of small town to faciliitate the acquaintance and neighbourly relations and also be broad enough to accommodate sufficient people to enable each individual to come in contact with people of different strata of society and compatible tastes.
  5. 5. Principles of Neighbourhood Planning 1. Size 2. Boundaries 3. Protective Strips 4. Internal Streets 5. Layout of buildings 6. Shopping Centres 7. Community Centres 8. Facilities
  6. 6. 1. Size  The town is divided into self-contained units or sectors of 10,000 population.  This is further divided into smaller units called neighbourhood unit with 2,000 to 5,000 based on the requirement of one primary school.  The size of the unit is therefore limited to about 1 to 1. 5 sq km i.e. within walkable distance of 10 to 15minutes.
  7. 7. 2. Boundaries  The unit should be bounded on all its sides by main road, wide enough for traffic. 3. Protective Strips  These are necessary to protect the neighbourhood from annoyance of traffic and, to provide suitable facilities for developing parks, playgrounds, and road widening scheme in future. These are also called Minor Green Belts.
  8. 8. 4. Internal Streets  The internal streets are designed to ensure safety to the people and the school going children in particular, since the mothers are anxious every day till the safe return of the child.  The internal streets should circulate throughout the unit with easy access to shops and community centres.
  9. 9. 5. Layout of Buildings  To encourage neighbourhood relation and secure social stability and balance, houses to suit the different income group should be provided such as single family houses, double family houses, cottages,flats, etc. 6. Shopping Centres  Each shop should be located on the circumference of the unit, preferably at traffic junctions and adjacent to the neighbourhood units.
  10. 10. 7. Community Centres  Each community will have its centre with social, cultural and recreational amenities. 8. Facilities  All public facilities required for the family for their comfort and convenience should be within easy reach.  These include the primary school, temple, club, retail shop, sport centre, etc.  These should be located within 1km in the central place so as to form a nucleus to develop social life of the unit.

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