Ch 7 laws ppt

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Ch 7 Important laws to know

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Ch 7 laws ppt

  1. 1. Endangered Species Act Enacted on Dec. 28, 1973
  2. 2. <ul><li>The most far-reaching law ever enacted by any nation for the preservation of endangered species. </li></ul><ul><li>The ESA provides stiff penalties for any performing any act found to be harmful to an endangered species including habitat destruction or degradation, hunting… </li></ul><ul><li>Today over 1000 animals are protected by this law. </li></ul>
  3. 3. How the ESA Works <ul><li>Listing (can be the hardest part, must be added before any protection is given) </li></ul><ul><li>Critical Habitat (identifies areas that need special management, especially federal lands.) </li></ul><ul><li>Recovery Planning (road maps for species recovery and delisting) </li></ul><ul><li>Agency Actions (review of federal agency actions to assure tax dollars are not used in any way that harms endangered species) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Lacey Act <ul><li>Original law in 1900 </li></ul><ul><li>One of the earliest U.S. laws aimed at wildlife protection and conservation. </li></ul><ul><li>Originally a supplement to state laws protecting game and birds </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthened in 1926, 1930, 1947 by adding various game fish. </li></ul>Congressman John Lacey
  5. 5. <ul><li>1981 and 1988 expanded to include the enforcement of federal, foreign and Indian tribal laws. </li></ul><ul><li>Today the act prohibits the interstate and international trade in illegally taken wildlife. </li></ul><ul><li>Applies to all wild animals, whether dead or alive, and to any part, product, egg or offspring, including captive-bred animals. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Provides for criminal and civil action against persons found in violation of this Act. </li></ul><ul><li>Includes seizures of all vessels, vehicles, aircraft or any equipment used to aid criminal violation of this Act. </li></ul>Yellowstone incident
  7. 8. CITES <ul><li>Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora </li></ul><ul><li>An international agreement between governments aimed at ensuring that international trade in wild species does not interfere with their survival </li></ul><ul><li>Regulations, permits, certifications issued </li></ul><ul><li>Agreed upon in 1973 by 80 countries, called parties, and in 1975 took effect. </li></ul><ul><li>Parties who join CITES voluntarily agree to be bound to the convention </li></ul><ul><li>Today there are 169 parties </li></ul>
  8. 10. Ivory now available in Zimbabwe Illegal snow leopard skins in Tibet
  9. 11. <ul><li>Species covered under CITES are listed in 3 Appendices </li></ul><ul><li>Appendix I : Species threatened with extinction. Trade permitted only under exceptional circumstances. (most protection) </li></ul><ul><li>Appendix II : Species in which trade must be controlled to ensure their survival </li></ul><ul><li>Appendix III : Species protected in at least one country, who have requested help from other CITES parties. ( least protection) </li></ul>

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