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International humanitarian law presentation

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International humanitarian law presentation

  1. 1. International Humanitarian Law (IHL) Presenter: Rida Khan
  2. 2. Outline • IHL – What it is • Inauguration • Agreements of IHL • Application • Coverage • Protective measures • Restrictions on weapons and techniques • Defiance and compliance • Implementation • Conclusion 2
  3. 3. Definition • Rules that regulate effects of armed conflicts • Protects the ailing, injured, hostages and civilians • Standardizes strategies of armed struggles • Usage of force regulated by UN • Makes up Geneva and Hague Conventions • A.k.a. ‘Law of War’ • ‘Law of armed conflict’ 3
  4. 4. Inauguration • 19th Century • States complied with rules of conduct in warfare • Geneva Conventions – 1864 – established foundations • 4 Conventions of August 12, 1949: • Convention 1: Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded in Armies in the Field • Convention 2: Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked members of Armed Forces at Sea 4
  5. 5. Continued... • Convention 3: Treatment of Prisoners of War • Convention 4: Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War Additional Protocols 1977 • Protocol 1: protects victims of international disputes • Protocol 2: protects victims of internal armed forces • Protocol 3: Adoption of an Additional Distinctive Emblem 5
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  7. 7. Further agreements of IHL Convention for Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict and its 2 protocols – 1954. Biological Weapons Convention – 1972. Conventional Weapons and its 5 protocols – 1980. Chemical Weapons Convention – 1993. Ottawa Convention on anti-personnel mines - 1997. Optional Protocol to Convention on Rights of the Child and involvement of children in armed conflict – 2000. 7
  8. 8. Application • Applicable when armed conflict has commenced • Differentiates between international and non-international armed conflict • International armed conflicts – 2 states comply with Geneva Convention and Additional Protocol 1 • Non-international conflicts – confined to single nation. Follow Article 3 of Geneva Conventions and Additional Protocol 2 8
  9. 9. Coverage • Safeguards people detached from conflicts • Regulates means and methods of warfare 9
  10. 10. Protection • Protects people not participating in conflicts – civilians, doctors etc. • Protection for those who have ceased fighting – injured, captives etc. • Entitlement to protection and humane treatment • Prohibits harming adversaries who are unable to fight • Civilians under enemies’ control are to be provided with food, shelter etc. • Red Cross and Red Crescent symbolize protected people 10
  11. 11. Restrictions on weapons and strategies • Protects those warfare methods that can’t distinguish between:  People participating in conflicts  People not participating in conflicts • Safeguards citizens and their properties • Forbids harmful tactics that result in torment • Restricts tactics that are detrimental to the environment 11
  12. 12. Defiance and compliance • Throughout history, several forces have operated against IHL • IHL has brought positive changes • It has restricted usage of atrocious weaponry 12
  13. 13. Implementation • IHL should be respected – fosters humanity • Nations should raise awareness regarding its rules • Punish the rebellious for war crimes • Enact laws to punish violators of IHL • Pass laws to preserve Red Crescent and Red Cross 13
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  15. 15. Conclusion • Every invidual’s responsibility to contribute to IHL • Participate to bring positive change • Make world a harmonious place to live in • Preserve the rules that serve humanity 15

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