Bill of rights2

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Scouts Bill of Rights lecture

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Bill of rights2

  1. 1. The Bill of Rights United States of America Citizens’ Rights and Obligations
  2. 2. Who determines what the Bill of Rights mean?  The Supreme Court decides the meaning  A balances the rights of the individual citizen with the needs of society Individual?? Society??
  3. 3. The First amendment… Five Rights Are Mentioned  Freedom of Speech  Freedom of Religion  Freedom of the Press  Freedom of Assembly  Right to petition the government
  4. 4. Freedom of Religion “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise there of…”
  5. 5. Religion and Government Cans Cannot  Teach about religions in school  Allow voluntary prayer in many examples  Transport students to a religious school  Read Bible for culture or literacy content  Set a state religion  Government cannot order a prayer  Teach religious doctrine in the school  Pay seminary teachers  Teach creationism
  6. 6. Freedom of speech  “Congress shall make no laws . . . abridging the freedom of speech”
  7. 7. Free speech– The individual can:  Say any political belief  Protest (without getting out of control)  Say things about someone that are true  Burn the flag  Free speech means someone might say something you disagree with
  8. 8. Free speech—limits on the person  Threaten to blow up airplanes, schools or the president  Sexual harassment  Disrespectful, vulgar language in schools or in a public form  Hate crimes
  9. 9. Freedom of the press  Congress shall make no law . . . abridging . . . the freedom of the press.”
  10. 10. Freedom of the press-the press Can Cannot  Print any political position  Make fun of people, especially politicians  Expose wrongs by the government  Say things you might not agree with  Libel– intentionally injuring a person’s reputation by false facts  Disclose defense- security secrets  Detail how to make a certain weapons
  11. 11. Freedom of Assembly  Congress shall make no law . . . Abridging . . . The people to peaceably assemble”
  12. 12. Freedom of Assembly--Individual Can Cannot  Protest  Parade (with a permit)  Can congregate in public  Protest with violence  Hang out on private land against owners wishes  Violate Teen curfew
  13. 13. Petition the Government  “Congress shall make no law . . . Abridging . . . the people. . . to petition the government for a redress of grievances”
  14. 14. Petition the government  You may sue the government for wrongs  You cannot be punished for exposing wrongs by the government  The courts decide the wrongs
  15. 15. Second Amendment  “A well-regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to bear arms shall not be infringed.”
  16. 16. Second Amendment  “A well-regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to bear arms shall not be infringed.”
  17. 17. Third Amendment  The Government cannot force you to shelter soldiers in your home without your consent in time of war or peace.
  18. 18. Fourth Amendment  A warrant given to him by a judge or magistrate, supported by Probable cause • What does a policeman need in order to search your home?
  19. 19. Fifth Amendment  No person shall … be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation
  20. 20. Fifth Amendment  You cannot be tried for the same crime twice—called “Double Jeopardy”  You do not have to testify against your self. “I plead the fifth”  You must have due process of law before you are convicted  The government cannot take your land unless it pays.
  21. 21. Sixth Amendment  Right to speedy trial by impartial jury— meaning not favoring either side  You must be told of charges  You must be provided a lawyer if you cannot afford one
  22. 22. Sixth Amendment  Right to speedy trial by impartial jury— meaning not favoring either side  You must be told of charges  You must be provided a lawyer if you cannot afford one
  23. 23. Seventh Amendment “In Suits at common law, where the value controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved...”  In civil cases over $20, citizen has the right to a trial by impartial jury
  24. 24. Eighth Amendment  No excessive bail  No cruel and unusual punishment
  25. 25. Ninth Amendment  When the Bill of Rights was first proposed, the major argument against it was that by specifying some rights that the government was not free to violate, there would be the implication that the government was free to violate any rights not specifically protected in the Constitution. “The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. “
  26. 26. Tenth Amendment  States Rights “The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
  27. 27. Role of a Citizen in the USARole of a Citizen in the USA Citizens of the US play a role in government. Elements of citizenship can be broken into two categories: – Obligations- things you must do and if you don’t, there is a punishment. – Responsibilities- things you should do, but there is no punishment.
  28. 28. Responsibility or Obligation?Responsibility or Obligation? Voting • 26th Amendment-18 years old • 14th Amendment- voting rights to all • By NOT voting, you allow a minority to make decisions for you – 50-60% of people vote in most Presidential elections – 40-50% vote in Congressional elections – 30-40% vote in state/local elections Role of a Citizen in the USARole of a Citizen in the USA
  29. 29. Responsibility or Obligation?Responsibility or Obligation? Obey LawsObey Laws • 14th Amendment guarantees equal protection under the law • No one is so important that they are above the law, and no one is so insignificant that they can’t look to the law for protection. Role of a Citizen in the USARole of a Citizen in the USA
  30. 30. Responsibility or Obligation?Responsibility or Obligation? Jury Duty • 6th Amendment-gives people some control over justice • “Dodging jury duty erodes the foundations we have against injustice” Role of a Citizen in the USARole of a Citizen in the USA
  31. 31. Responsibility or Obligation?Responsibility or Obligation? Paying TaxesPaying Taxes • “It is human nature to resent the government taking its share of your income. But, it’s also human nature to demand the conveniences, improvements, and protection our taxes provide” • Our country attempted to work without collecting taxes…it failed to be successful. (Articles of Confederation) Role of a Citizen in the USARole of a Citizen in the USA
  32. 32. Responsibility or Obligation?Responsibility or Obligation? Respecting OthersRespecting Others • Tolerance is not only “putting up with” other people who are different from ourselves. It’s the spirit of trying to understand them. • The American ideal is equality of all men. – Civil War – Women’s Suffrage – Civil Rights Movement Role of a Citizen in the USARole of a Citizen in the USA
  33. 33. Responsibility or Obligation?Responsibility or Obligation? Community ServiceCommunity Service • Working together accomplishes much more that one could hope to acieve on his/her own. • Community service is more about giving your time and abilities rather than money • Our country needs its people to get involved and stay involved, to invest their lives into their communities, to give their hearts to their neighbors, and to not expect someone else to bear the burden. Role of a Citizen in the USARole of a Citizen in the USA
  34. 34. Responsibility or Obligation?Responsibility or Obligation? Honoring the PastHonoring the Past • Citizens must know and understand the history of this country to truly appreciate the freedoms and rights we take for granted. •“Those who cannot learn from history are doomed to repeat it.” – George Santayana • “History is a guide to navigation in perilous times. History is who we are and why we are the way we are.” – David McCullough Role of a Citizen in the USARole of a Citizen in the USA
  35. 35. Role of a Citizen in the USARole of a Citizen in the USA Questions?

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