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Goals and Objective of Hostage Negotiations 2010

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Goals and Objective of Hostage Negotiations 2010

  1. 1. Goals andObjectives ofNegotiations Captain R. A. Lescault- October 2008
  2. 2. Goals and Objectives of Negotiations Basic Negotiation Goals • Preservation of human life • Apprehension of the subject • Recovery and protection of property SAVE LIVES! Captain R. A. Lescault- April 2010
  3. 3. Goals and Objectives of Negotiations How do we accomplish these goals? By using the…. Five D’s • Detain • Delay • Deliberate • Defuse • Deny Captain R. A. Lescault- April 2010
  4. 4. Goals and Objectives of Negotiations Detain Basic Containment – Containment enables a disciplined, controlled response of emergency resources through the use of staging areas, forward command posts, perimeters, and checkpoints. Peter C. Sarna Oakland (CA) Police Department Containment can be - • Physical Isolation (cannot leave perimeter) • Verbal isolation (talks to no one but the negotiator) Captain R. A. Lescault- April 2010
  5. 5. Goals and Objectives of Negotiations Detain Basic Containment – • Prevent the spread of the threat • Mitigate the harmful effects of the threat on persons and property • Prevent the escape of the subject • Prevent entry of unauthorized persons into the area • Isolate the subject from the outside world) Captain R. A. Lescault- April 2010
  6. 6. Goals and Objectives of Negotiations Delay “The skillful leader subdues the enemys troops without any fighting; he captures their cities without laying siege to them; he overthrows their kingdom without lengthy operations in the field.” – Sun Tzu • Time increases basic human needs • Time reduces stress & anxiety • Time increase rationality • Time increase opportunity for hostage escape • Time permits better decision making through gathering of intelligence • Time allows for the building of negotiator- subject rapport • Time reduces the subject’s expectations Captain R. A. Lescault- April 2010
  7. 7. Goals and Objectives of Negotiations Delay Delaying tactics • Initiate a “give & take” bargaining • Make subject work for everything he gets Concerns about passage of time •Exhaustion •Boredom •Creeping-up effect •Injuries & Illness •“Action Imperative” •Limited manpower •Increasing expense •Media profile & public attention Captain R. A. Lescault- April 2010
  8. 8. Goals and Objectives of Negotiations Deliberate “Take time to deliberate; but when the time for action arrives, stop thinking and go in.” Napoleon Bonaparte The basic concept of the Modern Day Crisis and Hostage Negotiations is that it’s a planned approach to peacefully resolve a dangerous, possibly hostile and violent situation. More on this in the Command and Tactical Section Lecture Captain R. A. Lescault- April 2010
  9. 9. Goals and Objectives of Negotiations Defuse “The more tranquil a man becomes, the greater is his success, his influence, his power for good. Calmness of mind is one of the beautiful jewels of wisdom.” – James Allen Attempt to Resolve Emotional Conflict  Diffuse intense emotions  Return subject to normal functioning level  Establish rapport & communicate empathy (Active Listening)  Gain intelligence  Initiate a “give & take” bargaining  Build trust and rapport with subject  Lower emotions & diffuse anger  Attempt to return subject to more rational thinking Captain R. A. Lescault- April 2010
  10. 10. Goals and Objectives of Negotiations Deny “Experience has taught us that men will not adopt and carry into execution measures the best calculated for their own good without the intervention of a coercive power” – George Washington Once Subject is more Rational…. • Over a period of time, the subject is still contained, he or she is hopefully less emotional-more rational and original demands have been denied (i.e. freedom, leave them alone, etc.). • Subject will begin to realize he is not in control & doesn’t have any real power. • Introduce non-violent problem solving alternatives • Encourage and facilitate a peaceful surrender Captain R. A. Lescault- April 2010

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