Bill of rights


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Bill of rights

  2. 3. <ul><li>A bill of rights – a listing of the rights and liberties of people </li></ul><ul><li>The B ill of R ights – the first ten amendments to the US Constitution, listing the rights and liberties of the people </li></ul>
  4. 5. AMENDMENT 1 <ul><li>Religious and Political Freedom </li></ul>
  5. 6. AMENDMENT 1 <ul><li>Congress shall make no law </li></ul>
  6. 7. AMENDMENT 1 <ul><li>… respecting an establishment of religion </li></ul>
  7. 8. AMENDMENT 1 <ul><li>or prohibiting the free exercise thereof </li></ul>
  8. 9. AMENDMENT 1 <ul><li>No law … abridging the freedom of speech </li></ul>
  9. 10. AMENDMENT 1 <ul><li>or of the press </li></ul>
  10. 11. AMENDMENT 1 <ul><li>or the right of the people peaceably to assemble </li></ul>
  11. 12. AMENDMENT 1 <ul><li>and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. </li></ul>
  12. 13. AMENDMENT 1 <ul><li>FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION </li></ul>
  13. 14. AMENDMENT 2 <ul><li>Right to Bear Arms </li></ul>
  14. 15. AMENDMENT 2 <ul><li>A well regulated militia , being necessary to the security of a free State, </li></ul>
  15. 16. AMENDMENT 2 <ul><li>the right of the people to keep and bear Arms , shall not be infringed. </li></ul>
  16. 17. AMENDMENT 3 <ul><li>Quartering Troops </li></ul>
  17. 18. AMENDMENT 3 <ul><li>No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house </li></ul>
  18. 19. AMENDMENT 4 <ul><li>Search and Seizure </li></ul>
  19. 20. AMENDMENT 4 <ul><li>The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures , shall not be violated </li></ul><ul><li>No Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause </li></ul>
  20. 21. AMENDMENT 4 <ul><li>No unreasonable searches and seizures </li></ul>
  21. 22. AMENDMENT 4 <ul><li>Warrants must be based on probable cause </li></ul>
  22. 23. AMENDMENT 4 <ul><li>Right to Privacy </li></ul>
  23. 24. AMENDMENT 5 <ul><li>Rights of Accused Persons </li></ul>
  24. 25. AMENDMENT 5 <ul><li>Grand Jury </li></ul><ul><li>nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy </li></ul><ul><li>nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself </li></ul><ul><li>nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law </li></ul>
  25. 26. AMENDMENT 5 <ul><li>No Double Jeopardy </li></ul><ul><li>No self incrimination (the right to remain silent) </li></ul><ul><li>Due process of law (the government must follow the rules in your trial) </li></ul>
  26. 27. AMENDMENT 6 <ul><li>Right to a Speedy, Public Trial </li></ul>
  27. 28. AMENDMENT 6 <ul><li>the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury </li></ul><ul><li>to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation </li></ul>
  28. 29. AMENDMENT 6 <ul><li>Speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury </li></ul><ul><li>Must be told of the charges </li></ul>
  29. 30. AMENDMENT 6 <ul><li>to be confronted with the witnesses against him </li></ul><ul><li>to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor </li></ul><ul><li>to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defense </li></ul>
  30. 31. AMENDMENT 6 <ul><li>Cross examine witnesses, and get witnesses in your favor </li></ul><ul><li>Right to an attorney or lawyer </li></ul>
  31. 32. AMENDMENT 7 <ul><li>Trial by Jury in Civil Cases </li></ul>
  32. 33. AMENDMENT 7 <ul><li>In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved </li></ul>
  33. 34. AMENDMENT 8 <ul><li>Limits of Fines and Punishments </li></ul>
  34. 35. AMENDMENT 8 <ul><li>Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed </li></ul>
  35. 36. AMENDMENT 8 <ul><li>nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted </li></ul>
  36. 37. AMENDMENT 9 <ul><li>Rights of People </li></ul>
  37. 38. AMENDMENT 9 <ul><li>The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. </li></ul>
  38. 39. AMENDMENT 9 <ul><li>The people have more rights than those listed </li></ul>
  39. 40. AMENDMENT 10 <ul><li>Powers of States and People </li></ul>
  40. 41. AMENDMENT 10 <ul><li>The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people. </li></ul>
  41. 42. AMENDMENT 10 <ul><li>Reserved powers </li></ul>
  42. 43. AMENDMENT 14 <ul><li>In part, it made the Bill of Rights apply to all 50 states </li></ul>INCORPORATION
  43. 44. THE AMENDMENT PROCESS PROPOSED by 2/3 VOTE in both Houses of Congress PROPOSED by a national convention RATIFIED by 3/4 of the State legislatures RATIFIED by 3/4 of State conventions