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Rights and Duty

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For a High School Debate course. Can be used for any level for a basic discussion of rights.

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Rights and Duty

  1. 1. RIGHTS<br />And theories that correspond with them<br />
  2. 2. What are Rights?<br />A Right is a claim that you are entitled to something<br />In rounds, especially LD, make sure you opponents explicitly define what rights are being discussed.<br />
  3. 3. Different Rights<br />Several different dichotomies exist in the realm of rights:<br />Natural v. Societal<br />Moral v. Legal<br />Positive v. Negative<br />
  4. 4. Natural v. Societal<br />Natural<br />Rights we have for being human<br />Life<br />Survival<br />Existence<br />Individual Autonomy<br />Societal<br />Rights we have due to membership in a particular society<br />Only apply to the people of that society<br />Only white land-owners can vote<br />No moral implications can be determined<br />
  5. 5. Moral v. Legal<br />Moral<br />Claims which OUGHT to be respected<br />Follows logically that it SHOULD be fulfilled<br />Typically a Natural right, but don’t come from nature<br />Legal<br />Claims that CAN (but not necessarily always need to be) respected<br />Rights protected by the law<br />Always Societal rights; that is, the law of the society creates them<br />Whites got better treatment during segregation; but those were legal rights<br />
  6. 6. Positive v. Negative<br />Negative<br />Positive<br />Claims that others must help you in some way<br />Right to health care or minimum standard of living<br />Often seen in conflict with negative rights<br />My positive right to welfare will encroach on someone else’s negative right to keep the money they have earned<br />Others CANNOT interfere with you<br />Right not be be beaten or stolen from<br />Considered good by mostly everyone and considered more valuable<br />Fundamental to proper functioning of society<br />
  7. 7. General Rights Info<br />Any given right is either natural or societal<br />Any given right is also moral or legal<br />Any given right is either negative or positive<br />With that being presented, what is:<br />The right to bear arms?<br />The right to a free and fair trial?<br />The right for survival?<br />
  8. 8. Rights and Duty<br />What is DUTY?<br />Something that one is required or expected to do by a moral or legal obligation (dictionary.com)<br />SOUNDS LIKE RIGHTS?<br />How are rights and duty related?<br />For every right someone has, another person has a duty to ensure the right in some way<br />How is DUTY determined?<br />By Society? Nature? <br />
  9. 9. Examples<br />Right<br />I have the right to life<br />_______________________<br />I have the right to medical care<br />Duty<br />__________________________<br />Judge has a duty to be impartial<br />__________________________<br />

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