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Sap tranport,customization request


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Learn about customization request and Transport request in SAP.

Published in: Education

Sap tranport,customization request

  1. 1. You just started your SAP Training and you are trying to do your first customization request inthe system, the system will prompt you with a Customization Request as shown below.How do you get past this screen? What is a Customizing Request? Simply put, a customizationrequest is SAP‟s way of sayingYou are modifying the SAP system. Please specify the number to record it under.You can create your own Customizing Request number or choose from an existing CustomizingRequest Number. Since you just started off, create your own Customization request by clickingon the “new‟ button. A new windowopens up where you can provide a description of the change. Give a human-readable „short-description‟ so that you/somebody else can read it later and identify the actual change and clickon the save button in the bottom.
  2. 2. A unique „Change Request‟ or „Customizing Request‟ will be created by SAP as shown below.Click on OK button (Green check mark) This will recordthe change you have done in the customizing request and your change is saved.What is SAP Transport RequestTransport Requests in SAP are the ONLY way in which you can record changes and move themacross systems. Let‟s take a simple example to understand this better. If you want to understand aTransport request better, read through.Scenario: You have created a new Customer Group called ZA – Agency Customer by goingthrough the following menu path in SPRO -> SAP Reference IMG Copyright © SAP AGWhen trying to save the newly created customer group you get the following window. The fieldsRequest and Short Description might be empty in your case. What does this mean and why is thisbeing shown?
  3. 3. Copyright © SAP AGSolution: If you look at the “View Maintenance: Data..” field in the picture above, you cansee some database table view V_T151. This is an internal SAP defined view which will contain abunch of database tables that has been updated by this change. What this essentially means isthat, the process of creating the new Customer Group “ZA” has resulted in a new database entrybeing created in the tables T151 (The view V_t151 consists of the database tables T151 andT151T as shown below) Copyright © SAP AGNow, the database table T151 contains the new entries (for the new Customer Account groupthat you have created)
  4. 4. Copyright © SAP AGThis example illustrates something very important.Most Customization requests are mere entries in some Internal SAP Database tablesIf some changes to the database is happening, it needs to be recorded. Why? In order tounderstand this you would have to understand the concept on SAP Landscape. To simplifythings, let‟s just say that if you need to move (“Transport”) the changes that you have done in asystem to another system, (Instead of recreating them in the new system), you should let thesource system record the changes. A “Transport Request” is SAP‟s way of recording changes tothe source system and generates a unique number for you so that you can just give that number toyour SAP System Administrator (SAP Basis Consultant) and ask him to migrate the transport tothe new system.Let‟s say, the new Transport Request we have created is VANK900323 which is a uniquenumber created by the SAP system.
  5. 5. These Transport Requests are a log of the database changes done due to some customizing (inthis case, creation of a new customer group) and can be viewed in SE01
  6. 6. Click on Display to view all the Transport Requests you have created. The newly createdTransport request VANK900323 has been highlighted below in red.Let me take another example of SAP Product Hierarchy that I have created and saved using theSAP Transport Request Number VANK900319 (The one right above the highlighted one). Click
  7. 7. on the folder button to the left of the Transport request to view the contents of the change.As you can see, the view affected in this customization is V_T179 (which is tables T179 andT179T) and the database contents that have been changed are new entries being created asfollows.It is exactly these entries that are being recorded in the Transport Request.Now you know the contents of a Transport Request, why transport requests are created, but whotransfers these to the Target system? The Basis Consultant is responsible for this.
  8. 8. There are 3 types of Transport requests:K type:The transport K type implements transports of DE objects from the integration system into theconsolidation system. When you create a transport request using the workbench organizer, italways uses this transport type by default meaning that all the transportable change requestsstored in the workbench organizer are allocate this transport type. For this transport type, theobjects are transported to the consolidated systems without changing the object‟s system ownerwhich means that the transported objects in the consolidated system become repair objects andno corrections are allowed for the imported objects.C type:With this transport type the objects change the system owner after they are transported whichmeans that the source system of the object loses its ownership after the object is transported. Sothe target system in which the objects are transported becomes the original system. In otherwords objects are transported as original objects. So they can be corrected or modified in thetarget system too. That means that change authorization is also transported. In SAP terms,objects that are transported with C types are checked out of a system and checked into anothersystem.T type:This transport type is useful when you have to copy object between two systems in a group iewhen a system(other than consolidation system) receives a copy of objects, the correspondingtransport takes place with transport type T. Object including the object of transport type T do notchange their system owner