Important TermsEARLY MODERN PERIOD                                                                               By Lening...
HumanismThe study of humanaccomplishments.Moving away fromemphasis on theafterlife.Focused on humanvalues, developedduring...
Johannes GutenbergInvented printing press!Helped spread literacy& influencedmovements such as theProtestantReformation.Pea...
Martin LutherProtestant Reformationstarter.German monk whotaught theology.Created 95 Theses,hammered to churchdoor in Witt...
Henry VIIIFounder of AnglicanChurch.Made his own religionso he could divorcehis…’ladies’, in anattempt to develop amale he...
Counter ReformationStarted by the churchto fight the ProtestantReformation.Council of Trent to helpregain followers.Crippl...
JesuitsFounded by IgnatiusLoyala.Catholic missionarysociety.Built missions in theNew World.                        Credit ...
Joint-Stock CompaniesMany people invest,many people profit.Method England usedto Colonize the NewWorld.Created new poormid...
BourgeoisieNew wealthy middleclass due to the trade ofthe new world.                            Credit to Alex S., Kyle R....
MercantilismNew economic systembased on a favorablebalance of trade.More gold/silver =good.Precious metals arehighly value...
CapitalismFree trade.Demand for itemscontrols capitalism, notwhat people tell you tomake in a commandeconomy.Think U.S.A.O...
GoaA Portuguesecontrolled port in India.Factories were built tohoard spices.                            Credit to Alex S.,...
BataviaDutch-developed portin Java.                       Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.!      ...
Manila GalleonsSpanish trade shipsfrom New World toPhilippines.                      Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., H...
ManilaThe Spanish.               Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.!                      I only ge...
BombayBritish-controlled portin India.                          Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.!...
Macao & CantonOnly two ports open inChina.Macao was closed downduring the Qing, feltthreatened by thePortuguese.          ...
Nzinga MbembaA.K.A. Alfonso I (what?).Converted much of theKongo Kingdom toChristianity (RomanCatholicism).Tried to abolis...
William WilberforceStarted to stop slaveryin England with 2 slaveacts.1807- Abolished slavetrade.1833- abolished slaveryin...
Bartolome de las CasasFough against poortreatment of Natives inthe New World.He was a priest trying tooffer more rights.  ...
Seven Years WarA.K.A. French & IndianWar.France & British foughtover control of NorthAmerican colonies.Britain becomesdomi...
Salutary NeglectWhen the British leftthe Americas alonebecause they were notworth taxing.Basically, they let us doour own ...
Treaty of TordesillasDecised who would getwhat parts of the worldto claim, between Spainand Portugal.1st time’s a fail, du...
ConquistadorsSpanish Explorers ofthe New World.                                                                           ...
ViceroysRepresented Spanishgovernment in the NewWorld.                        Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K....
AudenciasSpanish court system.                        Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.!          ...
Sociedad de CastasSocial System in theNew World.                                                                          ...
PeninsularesFull blood Spaniards.                                                                                         ...
CreolesFull blood Spanish bornin new world.                                                                               ...
MestizoHalf Spanish-HalfNative.                                                                                           ...
MulattosHalf-Spanish, Half-Slave                                                                                          ...
Middle PassageSlave journay fromAfrica to Americas.Tightly packed boats.Two types: Tight andLoose packers.                ...
PlantationsUsed slave labor togrow cash crops.                      Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric...
HaciendasSpanish factories.Forced labor.                     Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.!   ...
MitaAnnual “communityservice”.Required by Incas-practice continued bySpanish.                        Credit to Alex S., Ky...
EncomiendasLabor System of NewSpain.Land given to settlers ->settlers had to educatenatives and convertthem to Christianit...
Mateo RicciJesuit Missionary whowent to China.Think of Robert deNobili, except in China.                           Credit ...
Ivan IIIKicked the Mongols outof Russia.A.K.A. Ivan the Great.                         Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P.,...
Ivan the TerribleA.K.A. Ivan IV.Increased power ofczar.Expanded Russianterritory a lot.                     Credit to Alex...
GhaziOttoman Empire, Ghaziwarriors spread Islamicfaith.A title given to Muslimwarriors.                          Credit to...
JanissariesChristians gone Muslim,turned into soldiers.Forced conversion ofChristian children toIslamic soldiers (“BloodTa...
Millet SystemPeople groupedaccording to their faith.                                                                      ...
VizierRules when sultandoesn’t want to.Think this guy.                     Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., ...
Akbar the GreatRuler of MughalEmpire.Fostered religioustolerance.                     Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., ...
SikhismFrom the Islam rule inIndia. Based on bothHinduism and Islam.Founded by GuruNanak Dev in 15thcentury.Salvation thro...
Taj MahalMausolem built by ShahJahan in honor of histhird wife.Combines manydifferent architecturalstyles.A second one was...
Zheng HeChinese sailor.7 voyages in early 15thcentury.However, China shuthim down because theship costs too much.Later exp...
Oda NobunagaOpen to Christian faith.Patronized Christianmissionaries to lessenthe power of theBuddhists.                  ...
Toyotomi HideyoshiFailed to capture Korea(twice!).Viewed Christians as athreat.Killed/kicked outChristians.               ...
Tokugawa IeyasuEstablished TokugawaShogunate.Published the NationalSeclusion polichy,which banned othercountries from sett...
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Early Modern Period Vocabulary

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Early Modern Period Vocabulary

  1. 1. Important TermsEARLY MODERN PERIOD By Lening Gonzalez Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! (who is a beast at making slideshows)
  2. 2. HumanismThe study of humanaccomplishments.Moving away fromemphasis on theafterlife.Focused on humanvalues, developedduring the Renaissance.Live for the here andnow. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  3. 3. Johannes GutenbergInvented printing press!Helped spread literacy& influencedmovements such as theProtestantReformation.Peasants could nowafford books due to thesimplicity to makethem. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  4. 4. Martin LutherProtestant Reformationstarter.German monk whotaught theology.Created 95 Theses,hammered to churchdoor in Wittenberg.Thought the Catholicchurch was corrupt.Placed by CatholicChurch by Diet ofWorms, protected byFrederich (prince). Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  5. 5. Henry VIIIFounder of AnglicanChurch.Made his own religionso he could divorcehis…’ladies’, in anattempt to develop amale heir. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  6. 6. Counter ReformationStarted by the churchto fight the ProtestantReformation.Council of Trent to helpregain followers.Crippled indulgences. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  7. 7. JesuitsFounded by IgnatiusLoyala.Catholic missionarysociety.Built missions in theNew World. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  8. 8. Joint-Stock CompaniesMany people invest,many people profit.Method England usedto Colonize the NewWorld.Created new poormiddle class. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  9. 9. BourgeoisieNew wealthy middleclass due to the trade ofthe new world. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  10. 10. MercantilismNew economic systembased on a favorablebalance of trade.More gold/silver =good.Precious metals arehighly valued.“A country’s power isdependent on wealth.” Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  11. 11. CapitalismFree trade.Demand for itemscontrols capitalism, notwhat people tell you tomake in a commandeconomy.Think U.S.A.Opposite ofCommunism. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  12. 12. GoaA Portuguesecontrolled port in India.Factories were built tohoard spices. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  13. 13. BataviaDutch-developed portin Java. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  14. 14. Manila GalleonsSpanish trade shipsfrom New World toPhilippines. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  15. 15. ManilaThe Spanish. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  16. 16. BombayBritish-controlled portin India. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  17. 17. Macao & CantonOnly two ports open inChina.Macao was closed downduring the Qing, feltthreatened by thePortuguese. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  18. 18. Nzinga MbembaA.K.A. Alfonso I (what?).Converted much of theKongo Kingdom toChristianity (RomanCatholicism).Tried to abolish slavetrade, but failed. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  19. 19. William WilberforceStarted to stop slaveryin England with 2 slaveacts.1807- Abolished slavetrade.1833- abolished slaveryin all of British Empire. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  20. 20. Bartolome de las CasasFough against poortreatment of Natives inthe New World.He was a priest trying tooffer more rights. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  21. 21. Seven Years WarA.K.A. French & IndianWar.France & British foughtover control of NorthAmerican colonies.Britain becomesdominant colonialpower in India and theNew World. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  22. 22. Salutary NeglectWhen the British leftthe Americas alonebecause they were notworth taxing.Basically, they let us doour own thing ( which would come and bite …)them in the ass later on Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  23. 23. Treaty of TordesillasDecised who would getwhat parts of the worldto claim, between Spainand Portugal.1st time’s a fail, due todiscovery of a roundearth.Had to redraw theborders later on, and ittook them a wile tofigure it out.Fail! Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  24. 24. ConquistadorsSpanish Explorers ofthe New World. Fallout 3… you should play it! Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  25. 25. ViceroysRepresented Spanishgovernment in the NewWorld. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  26. 26. AudenciasSpanish court system. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  27. 27. Sociedad de CastasSocial System in theNew World. PeninsularesSpanish Social Classes. Creoles Mestizo Mulattos Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  28. 28. PeninsularesFull blood Spaniards. Peninsulares Creoles Mestizo Mulattos Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  29. 29. CreolesFull blood Spanish bornin new world. Peninsulares Creoles Mestizo Mulattos Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  30. 30. MestizoHalf Spanish-HalfNative. Peninsulares Creoles Mestizo Mulattos Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  31. 31. MulattosHalf-Spanish, Half-Slave Peninsulares Creoles Mestizo Mulattos Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  32. 32. Middle PassageSlave journay fromAfrica to Americas.Tightly packed boats.Two types: Tight andLoose packers. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  33. 33. PlantationsUsed slave labor togrow cash crops. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  34. 34. HaciendasSpanish factories.Forced labor. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  35. 35. MitaAnnual “communityservice”.Required by Incas-practice continued bySpanish. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  36. 36. EncomiendasLabor System of NewSpain.Land given to settlers ->settlers had to educatenatives and convertthem to Christianity. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  37. 37. Mateo RicciJesuit Missionary whowent to China.Think of Robert deNobili, except in China. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  38. 38. Ivan IIIKicked the Mongols outof Russia.A.K.A. Ivan the Great. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  39. 39. Ivan the TerribleA.K.A. Ivan IV.Increased power ofczar.Expanded Russianterritory a lot. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  40. 40. GhaziOttoman Empire, Ghaziwarriors spread Islamicfaith.A title given to Muslimwarriors. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  41. 41. JanissariesChristians gone Muslim,turned into soldiers.Forced conversion ofChristian children toIslamic soldiers (“BloodTax”). Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  42. 42. Millet SystemPeople groupedaccording to their faith. ReligionLeader of milet ownslaws/taxes and reportsthem to the sultan.In a dispute, Islamic lawtakes over.Occurred in the Religion Islam ReligionOttoman Empire. Religion Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  43. 43. VizierRules when sultandoesn’t want to.Think this guy.  Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  44. 44. Akbar the GreatRuler of MughalEmpire.Fostered religioustolerance. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  45. 45. SikhismFrom the Islam rule inIndia. Based on bothHinduism and Islam.Founded by GuruNanak Dev in 15thcentury.Salvation throughmeditation to God. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  46. 46. Taj MahalMausolem built by ShahJahan in honor of histhird wife.Combines manydifferent architecturalstyles.A second one was to bebuilt, but never was.Perfectly symmetrical. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  47. 47. Zheng HeChinese sailor.7 voyages in early 15thcentury.However, China shuthim down because theship costs too much.Later explorationsended by Ming Dynastydue to increasing costs.It takes a lot of moneyto make an epicallygiant ship! Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  48. 48. Oda NobunagaOpen to Christian faith.Patronized Christianmissionaries to lessenthe power of theBuddhists. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  49. 49. Toyotomi HideyoshiFailed to capture Korea(twice!).Viewed Christians as athreat.Killed/kicked outChristians. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.
  50. 50. Tokugawa IeyasuEstablished TokugawaShogunate.Published the NationalSeclusion polichy,which banned othercountries from settingfoot into Japan.Ruled from Edo(present-day Japan).Developed 4 rigid socialclasses: warriors,farmers, artisans,merchants.Created DeshimnaIsland- locale only forDutch to trade. Credit to Alex S., Kyle R., Ray P., Hejab K., and Eric Y.! I only get credit for putting in all the information. The above people are the ones that provided the info.

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