U14: Medication‏


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Nursing 1, U14- G9/2nd Term/1432

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U14: Medication‏

  1. 1. Medication<br />
  2. 2. Early in human history, our ancestors (forefathers) discovered that certain plants could ease pain and cure illness<br />
  3. 3. The first pharmacopoeia (list of medical plants) was produced in 3,500 BC<br />By the Chinese emperor ShenNung and herbal remedies remained the basis for medicines for centuries.<br />
  4. 4. Medicinesareclassifiedby<br />
  5. 5. (1) Their Chemical properties:<br />Such as the opioids (a chemical group of medicine) e.g. benzodiazepines<br />
  6. 6. (2)Theirmodeofadministration<br />medications can be taken in a variety of ways:<br />Orally=> pills, capsules, and liquid.<br />
  7. 7.
  8. 8. (3)The biological system affected<br />
  9. 9. Types and forms of medication<br />1-An antibiotic kills bacteria and other germs<br />an antibiotic(n):a drug that is used to kill bacteria and cure infections<br />2-An inoculation protects you against infections diseases<br />an inoculation(n):to protect someone against a disease by putting a weak form of the disease into their body using a needle <br />
  10. 10. 3-A painkiller relieves pain <br />a painkiller(n):a medicine which reduces or removes pain<br />4- Inflammatory(n): acting to prevent pain in part of your body which is often red and feels hot <br />deficiency(n):a lack of something that is necessary<br />
  11. 11. pandemic(n): technical a disease that affects people over a very large area or the whole world<br />
  12. 12. 5-A laxative encourages bowel movements<br />a laxative(n):a medicine or something that you eat which <br />makes your bowels empty easily<br />6- supplement(n): something that you add to something else to improve it or make it complete.vitamins and other dietary supplements<br />
  13. 13. 7- An antihistamine treats allergies <br />antihistamine(n):a drug that is used to treat an allergy (=an unpleasant reaction to particular foods, substances etc.)<br />
  14. 14. desperate(adj):willing to do anything to change a very bad situation, and not caring about danger<br />
  15. 15. mutated(v):if an animal or plant mutates, it becomes different from others of the same kind, because of a change in its genetic structure<br />
  16. 16. Classification of medicines according to how or from where you get them<br />Over the counter = bought from pharmacies<br />
  17. 17. Prescription only => prescribed by a doctor<br />
  18. 18. Medicines often have 2 names:<br />(1) Generic name <br />(2) brand name<br />e.g. ‘paracetamol’ is a generic name<br />It is sold by different companies under different brand names (Panadol, Calpol, Anadin, etc<br />
  19. 19. Iv drip<br />iv drip(n):medical equipment that is used to put liquid directly into your blood =drip<br />Capsules<br />(n):a plastic container shaped like a very small tube with medicine inside that you swallow whole<br />
  20. 20. inhaler<br />inhaler(n):a small plastic tube containing medicine that you breathe in, in order to make breathing easier<br />Syringe<br />syringe(n):an instrument for taking blood from someone's body or putting liquid, drugs etc. into it, consisting of a hollow plastic tube and a needle<br />
  21. 21. Adhesive patch<br />adhesive patch(n):a substance such as glue that you use to stick two things to gather<br />ointment<br />ointment(n):a soft cream that you rub into your skin, especially as a medical treatment<br />
  22. 22. suppository<br />suppository(n):a small piece of solid medicine that is placed in someone's rectum or vagina<br />tablespoon<br />tablespoon(n):a large spoon used for serving food<br />
  23. 23. dropper<br />dropper(n):a short glass tube with a hollow rubber part at one end, that you use to measure liquid one drop at a time<br />
  24. 24. Heba Mohammed Ramadan<br />7neen Saud Al-Sofyani<br />