Energy Production in Germany


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Energy Production in Germany

  1. 1. The situation of energy production and consumption in Germany by Lisa Annutsch, Andreas Siebert, Felix Niemann, Tom Meier
  2. 2. Germany produces its energy with different energy sources. This presentation shows the following ones: <ul><li>coal- fired power stations </li></ul><ul><li>nuclear power stations </li></ul><ul><li>natural gas power stations </li></ul><ul><li>renewable energy resources (wind power, hydroelectric power plants, solar energy, biomass energy) </li></ul><ul><li>It shows also how Germany uses this energy. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Coal- fired power stations <ul><li>produce about 49% of the electric energy in Germany </li></ul><ul><li>disadvantage: emission of gases which are bad for the climate (like CO₂) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Nuclear power stations <ul><li>produce about 30% of the electric energy in Germany </li></ul><ul><li>disadvantage: radioactiv radiation, radioactiv waste which must be stored save so that no radiation comes into the nature or to people </li></ul>
  5. 5. Natural gas power stations <ul><li>produce about 8% of the electric energy in Germany </li></ul><ul><li>disadvantage: emission of gases which are bad for the climate (like CO₂), but less than through coal- fired power stations </li></ul>
  6. 6. Renewable energy resources <ul><li>Germany produces about 10% of its electric energy with renewable energy resources </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: produce all the energy with that </li></ul><ul><li>Very difficult because this sources aren‘t effective enough </li></ul><ul><li>Task of the researchers: develop technologies which produce enough energy to provide the population without damaging the nature </li></ul><ul><li>next generations have all living conditions they need </li></ul><ul><li>A lot of work to a green energy production </li></ul><ul><li>First steps already done </li></ul>
  7. 7. Wind power <ul><li>is a green energy resource </li></ul><ul><li>wind wheels transform the kinetic energy of the wind into electric energy </li></ul><ul><li>about 28% of the electric energy that is produced worldwide with wind power is produced in Germany </li></ul><ul><li>the German industry manufactures about 37% of the wind power plants worldwide </li></ul>
  8. 8. Hydroelectric power plants <ul><li>transform the kinetic energy of flowing water into electric energy </li></ul><ul><li> a green energy resource without emissions </li></ul><ul><li>produce about 3.5% of the electric energy in Germany </li></ul>
  9. 9. Solar energy <ul><li>the electromagnetic radiation which comes from the sun to the earth is transformed into electric energy </li></ul><ul><li>the electric energy is produced without causing emissions </li></ul><ul><li>a very environmentally friendly (green) source </li></ul><ul><li>disadvantage: high costs, energy production is dependent on the weather </li></ul>
  10. 10. Biomass energy <ul><li>belongs to the most important renewable energy sources in Germany </li></ul><ul><li>wood, organic waste and plants like maize and cereals are burned and the thermal energy is transformed into electric energy or warm water which heats for example private households </li></ul><ul><li>advantage: the CO₂ - emission is as big as the amount of CO₂ which has been bounded by the plants before so that no more CO₂ comes into the atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>you can store the biomass easily </li></ul>
  11. 11. The consumption of the electric energy in Germany <ul><li>the industry uses about 818 PJ electricity every year </li></ul><ul><li>59 PJ electricity are used for traffic every year </li></ul><ul><li>519 PJ electricity are used in trade and commerce every year </li></ul><ul><li>the private households use about 511 PJ electricity every year </li></ul><ul><li>the total energy consumption of electric energy in Germany is about 1907 PJ every year </li></ul>