Thisted Municipality

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Nordic Folkecenter for Renewable Energy's manager Preben Maegaard is giving a speech about the decentralized nature of Thisted's energy succes. 100 % Sustainable renewable energy for the entire community.

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  • If only making heat it’s biomass and bio fuels. Only district heating system made for heat comes from biomass.
  • 2006: Biogas production Thisted 5Gwh 2006: Biomass production Thisted 20Gwh
  • And also biomass from household waste
  • Go build a solar collector, make a biogas facility or work with the district heating plant in the neighboring community. There is no shortage of good ideas when the project “Energetic Citizens of Thy” kicks off this March. The goal is to get dedicated and innovative citizens to work on local energy projects.
  • 6 owned by outside developer
  • Pellets – drier and more compact Separate from CHP installations
  • Klitmoller and Vorupor are discussing this move to change to something else namely bio-fuels. It has been discussed in their board.
  • Decentral can be biomass but also natural gas. It can be decentral heat and power and it be house hold waste.
  • Thisted Municipality

    1. 1. 46.000 residents in Thisted Municipality in Thy, Denmark are leading the field – 100% Renewable Click here for further information Biogas Biomass
    2. 2. Thisted Municipality, Denmark Biogas Biomass
    3. 3. Thisted Municipality <ul><li>Thisted municipality in Thy covers an area of 1.093 km2, with approx. 46,000 inhabitants </li></ul><ul><li>One of the largest municipalities in Denmark </li></ul><ul><li>Rural region characterised by nature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rolling hills, farmland and gentle fjord landscape </li></ul></ul><ul><li>100 km of unique coastline </li></ul><ul><li>Great surfing ‘ Cold Hawaii ’ </li></ul><ul><li>First National Park in Denmark </li></ul><ul><li>In 2007, Thy was awarded </li></ul><ul><li>the European Solar Prize for its outstanding </li></ul><ul><li>share of renewable energy. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Renewables for all energy needs <ul><li>For the last 30 years, farmers, industry, utilities and cooperatives in Thy have extensively invested in and used renewable energy resources. </li></ul><ul><li>“ In Thy we live and breathe renewable energy. That is the essence of the Thy model where people, economics and technology come together to create clean carbon neutral energy. ” Thisted Municipality </li></ul><ul><li>Biomass </li></ul><ul><li>Biomass for district heating </li></ul><ul><li>Biogas and manure separation in small and large scale facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Geothermic cooling </li></ul><ul><li>Geothermic heat </li></ul><ul><li>Passive house technology </li></ul><ul><li>Next generation vehicles including hydrogen power </li></ul><ul><li>Waste incineration for district heating </li></ul><ul><li>Wave power </li></ul><ul><li>Wind Power </li></ul><ul><li>Wind energy management </li></ul>
    5. 5. Self-supplying <ul><li>Heating: Thisted, the main town and the other smaller towns in the municipality all have 100% district heating with 85% using biomass. 86% of the heating in the Thy region comes from renewable energy. </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity: Thisted is self-supplying in terms of its electricity consumption. Wind energy covers 80% of Thisted’s electricity needs. Biogas and CHP make up the balance. </li></ul><ul><li>There are several CHP plants in the municipality. CHP plants use natural gas and also use other forms of renewable energy e.g. biomass such as straw, wood pellets, wood chips and waste material. </li></ul>CO2 emissions saved: almost 90.000 tons per year
    6. 6. Local supply of electricity <ul><li>Thy: </li></ul><ul><li>226 windmills </li></ul><ul><li>114.640 KW installed wind capacity </li></ul><ul><li>35.830 KW installed CHP capacity </li></ul><ul><li>2008: power production from wind energy of 265 GWh </li></ul><ul><li>2008: power consumption of 339 GWh </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity Consumption </li></ul><ul><li>80% from wind </li></ul><ul><li>20% from biogas and CHP waste </li></ul><ul><li>a small amount of PV </li></ul>Wind
    7. 7. Electricity Consumption <ul><li>The total annual production from the 226 windmills together with biogas and CHP waste accounts for 100% of the electricity consumed in Thisted Municipality. </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>Distinct economic benefits from locally owned turbines. Renewables create new prosperity and jobs for a considerable number of people. This foster local acceptance of wind power </li></ul>
    9. 9. Local mobilization <ul><li>Three important parameters </li></ul><ul><li>to remember about Thisted : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thisted involves its citizens actively </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thisted involves local companies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thisted uses mature technology that exists in the field </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Achieve the best result when these interact in a sensible and economical way </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>The people of Thy have taken a proactive approach and managed to turn the power of nature to their advantage. </li></ul><ul><li>Local knowledge and expertise very important </li></ul><ul><li>Municipality occupies the role of coordinator and planner bringing together local enthusiasts. </li></ul>
    11. 11. Strong Local Support in Thy <ul><li>Strong local support is crucial; is obtained by </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local ownership of windmills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local ownership of biogas plants by several farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All the CHP plants and then district heating are not-for-profit consumer owned </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strong political focus on renewable energy in “The Energetic Citizens of Thy” – new initiative </li></ul>Windmills in fields of barley.
    12. 12. THY – leading in Renewable Energy
    13. 13. Wind generated electricity <ul><li>Thisted - total of 226 windmills in 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>No NIMBY effect among local people until recently </li></ul>
    14. 14. Related impacts <ul><li>The transformation to renewable energy led to the </li></ul><ul><li>emergence of several new local industries: </li></ul><ul><li>Bach composite, main supplier of nacelles for Vestas </li></ul><ul><li>Cimbria SKET, leading producer of presses for treatment of oil seeds </li></ul><ul><li>Several additional sub-suppliers for the wind mill industry </li></ul><ul><li>TVT biogas plant builder </li></ul><ul><li>Ideal Combi making energy-efficient windows </li></ul>
    15. 15. Production one 2 MWwindmill: 8 Mio. kWh/y
    16. 16. Windmills are a natural part of the landscape Roshage møllen Svankjær vindmøller
    17. 17. Wind energy and industry
    18. 18. Shaping the landscape Folkecenter for Renewable Energy
    19. 19. Windmill foundation for coastal protection
    20. 20. New income for the farmers
    21. 21. Powerfull simplicity
    22. 22. In harmony with nature
    23. 23. Biomass – a CO 2 neutral local energy resource BIOMASS AND WIND WORKING TOGETHER
    24. 24. Østerild local district heating <ul><li>Biomass district heating for </li></ul><ul><li>200 households </li></ul>
    25. 25. What is biomass? <ul><li>Biomass comes in many different forms </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural residues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Food-processing (pits, shells, hulls) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manure (from cows, pigs, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>chickens and other farm animals) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Residues from crop harvesting/processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(stalks and stems, husks,) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wood residues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Processing residues (waste materials produced in the processing of lumber) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trimmings, sawdust, shavings, bark, etc. often converted into wood chips and/or wood pellets. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forest residues (Materials from forest restoration, thinning, storm hazards or harvesting activities) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tops and limbs, branches, bark, small diameter trees. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    26. 26. Energy crops <ul><ul><ul><li>Energy crops </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trees - Poplar, willow, and other “short-rotation&quot; woody crops </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How is biomass used to produce energy? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Primary methods: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Direct Combustion -- Producing heat, which can then be used for thermal applications or electricity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gasification -- Converting the biomass into a gas, which can then be combusted in CHP producing heat and power. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    27. 27. Biomass district heating <ul><li>100% self sufficient heating from biomass district </li></ul><ul><li>heating carried out in: </li></ul><ul><li>Hurup </li></ul><ul><ul><li>wood chips </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vestervig </li></ul><ul><ul><li>wood chips </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bedsted </li></ul><ul><ul><li>wood pellets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Øsløs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>wood chips </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Frøstrup </li></ul><ul><ul><li>wood chips </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sennels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>wood pellets </li></ul></ul>Hurup Wood Pellets Renewable. Carbon-neutral. A domestic resource. A source of economic development and job creation.
    28. 28. Large farm biogas plants <ul><li>Boddum, Kappel </li></ul><ul><li>Brund, Kirk </li></ul><ul><li>Hunstrup, Kirk </li></ul><ul><li>Bedsted, Riis </li></ul>
    29. 29. Two main supply forms: Wind and CHP
    30. 30. Renewable Energy <ul><li>RE from windmills, biogas, biomass, plant oil, geothermal, solar energy and waste heat from industry </li></ul>
    31. 31. Combined heat and power <ul><li>Simultaneous generation of usable heat and power </li></ul><ul><li>Utilizes the heat produced in electricity generation rather </li></ul><ul><li>than releasing it wastefully into the atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>Secure and highly efficiency in excess of 85% efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>CHP Applications : </li></ul><ul><li>In malt factory and waste incineration </li></ul><ul><li>District heating (heat distributed from CHP plant) </li></ul><ul><li>Water based district heating by insulated pipes. 85 degrees C. </li></ul>
    32. 32. Five CHP plants
    33. 33. Thisted Municipality Heating System <ul><li>Heat fish co. </li></ul><ul><li>Waste wood </li></ul><ul><li>Waste wood </li></ul><ul><li>Waste wood </li></ul><ul><li>CHP (waste) </li></ul><ul><li>Geothermal </li></ul><ul><li>6a. Straw biomass </li></ul><ul><li>7. Wood pellets </li></ul><ul><li>8. Wood chips </li></ul><ul><li>Wood chips </li></ul><ul><li>CHP Nat Gas </li></ul><ul><li>Gas oven </li></ul><ul><li> backup </li></ul><ul><li>12. Biofuel </li></ul><ul><li>13. CHP Nat. Gas </li></ul><ul><li>14, 15, 16. Back up </li></ul><ul><li>Malt Plant </li></ul><ul><li>CHP Nat Gas </li></ul><ul><li>CHP Nat Gas </li></ul>
    34. 34. Thyra supplies10.000 households with heat and some power
    35. 35. CHP for 10.000 households District heating pipe system
    36. 36. Geothermic heat Thisted
    37. 37. Biomass – heat from straw
    38. 38. Peak loads covered by CHP
    39. 39. Local CHP plants prepared for bio fuels <ul><li>The local decentralized CHP primarily use natural gas but are prepared for bio-fuel use </li></ul><ul><li>Hanstholm 4 MW el </li></ul><ul><li>Klitmøller 2 MW el </li></ul><ul><li>Vorupør 2 MW el </li></ul><ul><li>Snedsted 3 MW el </li></ul><ul><li>Dragsbaek malt factory 8 MW el </li></ul>Snedsted Discussing the move to bio-fuels
    40. 40. Advanced CHP: 42% Power + 48% Heat
    41. 41. The Danish way: Clean and decentralized energy solutions Wind Energy and Combined Heat and Power
    42. 42. <ul><li>“ What we see in Thisted is a blueprint for adapting to climate change. It shows that people and communities really count.” </li></ul><ul><li>Jacqueline McGlade, Director, European Environmental Agency </li></ul>
    43. 43. <ul><li>Consumption of power is steady – </li></ul><ul><li>Windpower fluctuates </li></ul>
    44. 44. Yearly electricity consumption
    45. 45. 08.09.2008 12pm Sat 18.04.2009 3pm Sat www.energinet.dk Windpower is fluctuating
    46. 46. Power Production West Denmark Production in MW   08/09/2007 12pm Sat 18/04/2009 3pm Sat Central power plants 888 1237 Decentral power plants 295 363 Wind power production 1804 148 export/i mport 935 193 Power consumption 2052 1941
    47. 47. Transportation <ul><li>There are about 17,000 private vehicles in Thisted municipality, driving 16,000 km per year at 10 km/l at 10 kWh/l. </li></ul><ul><li>With this in mind, replacing these cars with electric cars which are at least 3 times more efficient than the average car, would require 90 GWh electricity from 21 additional 2 MW turbines. </li></ul><ul><li>These turbines would be </li></ul><ul><li>additional to the 226 windmills </li></ul><ul><li>already existing in the area. </li></ul>
    48. 48. NEXT STEP Autonomous supply of energy: Integrating wind and CHP
    49. 49. WIND, GAS, POWER AND HEAT <ul><li>Energy efficient supply </li></ul><ul><li>of heat and power: </li></ul><ul><li>Natural gas 3 MW el CHP </li></ul><ul><li>Wind and 10 MW th electric boiler </li></ul>10 MW electric boiler for heating 4 x 1,65 MW wind turbines 3 Mw el & 4MW th CHP Gas supply
    50. 50. What is community power? <ul><li>Community power is typically owned and operated by the community </li></ul><ul><li>Community power primarily takes the form of decentralised green power generation </li></ul><ul><li>Wind power, solar power, biogas, biomass, and combined heat and power are examples of such infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Financial benefits are returned to the community </li></ul><ul><li>Community has a choice and </li></ul><ul><li>may choose what infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>fits best with their needs and is economically efficient. </li></ul>
    51. 51. Benefits of community power <ul><li>Local Community Owns/Installs/Operates local green power producing infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits from the infrastructure are reaped by local community </li></ul><ul><li>Local pollution reduction, CO2 reduction, job creation, business development, economic diversification and skill building. </li></ul><ul><li>Once a community has experience with community power, that skill can be transferred to other communities. </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of community and acceptance is reinforced by working on projects which benefit the community </li></ul>
    52. 52. Future developments <ul><li>Recently, plans have been presented about integrating all the local autonomous energy plants in Thisted municipality in one integrated autonomous system. </li></ul><ul><li>This plan suggests that new additional wind power capacity peaks will be used for district heating. </li></ul><ul><li>A further development of wind power will make wind energy the primary source of electricity and heating. </li></ul><ul><li>When there is a local surplus of wind electricity this will be used in combined heating and power plants and replace natural gas and biomass. </li></ul><ul><li>Biomass will function as back-up storage when wind- and solar energy is not sufficient to cover the need for electricity and heating. </li></ul>
    53. 53. Next step: Autonomous energy supply
    54. 54. Energy Autonomy Dubai Power, Heat and Cooling The Hotel
    55. 55. <ul><li>Lighthouse Tower in Dubai </li></ul><ul><li>Features: </li></ul><ul><li>- altitude: 400 meters </li></ul><ul><li>three 29 meter diameter, </li></ul><ul><li>225 KW wind turbines </li></ul><ul><li>- 4000 PV panels </li></ul>Solar and Wind Power in a City
    56. 56. <ul><li>Folkecenter for Renewable Energy – the Ecosite of the Thisted Municipality </li></ul>
    57. 57. Folkecenter for Renewable Energy <ul><li>Developing and testing new CO 2 neutral energy solutions </li></ul><ul><li>One of the biggest eco-sites in Europe </li></ul>
    58. 58. Partner in Community Development <ul><li>Folkecenter for Renewable Energy – </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>technologies, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>encouragement, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>innovation </li></ul></ul></ul>
    59. 59. Folkecenter develops Building Integrated PV
    60. 60. Waste water – a resource
    61. 61. Nissum Bredning Test Station for Wave Energy Machines Test station operated and owned by Folkecenter
    62. 62. Folkecenter has Test Station for Small Windmills Six platforms for testing of windmills from 0,5 KW to 75 KW 5 KW Victor windmill tested by Folkecenter.
    63. 63. Public meeting on future ownership of the big windmills
    64. 64. Expert‘s Statement <ul><li>“ The surprise is why isn’t everyone else doing what Thisted is doing? They are a lighthouse but this should be going on now all over the world” </li></ul><ul><li>Jeremy Rifkin , founder and president, </li></ul><ul><li>Foundation on Economic Trends </li></ul>
    65. 65. Celebrities visit Thy to study renewable energy
    66. 66. Thy attracts international media and politicians in 2008 CCTV10 FROM CHINA Minister Smitherman, Canada Energy Autonomy film Suzuki Diaries, CBC, Canada
    67. 67. EUROPEAN SOLAR PRIZE 2007 <ul><li>Mayor Erik Hove Olesen states: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;I am very proud and grateful that we today receive this award. Not us as authorities have the honour. Our 46.000 citizens, the Folkecenter and our 1700 local companies made the change. The many windmill owners, the farmers that have biogas plants and the community utilities, they have together made Thy self-sufficient with energy.&quot; </li></ul>Dr. Hermann Scheer gives the Award to the Mayor
    68. 68. EUROPEAN SOLAR PRIZE 2007 <ul><li>Thy in December 2007 got the esteemed EUROPEAN SOLAR PRIZE due to its outstanding share of renewable energy in the municipality. </li></ul><ul><li>The mayor of Thisted gave a speech and said that Thisted would like to have even more renewable energy. </li></ul>From the EUROSOLAR award ceremony at KfW in Berlin.
    69. 69. Transition to a Renewable Energy Economy
    70. 70. Earth-Sheltered Building Solar Heat StrawBale House Wind Blade Expo Plus Energy House Integrated Solar Cells Plant Oil Green Waste Water Treatment Biodome Preben Maegaard www.maegaard.net Wind Hydrogen Small Wind Turbine Test Site Wave Energy Test Site 3 km
    71. 71. Thank you for your attention! For further information please visit www.folkecenter.net

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