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Jarmo Partanen: Sähköistyminen mullistaa muunkin kuin energiateollisuuden

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Professori Jarmo Partasen esitys Helenin X-talous-tilaisuudessa 7.6.2018.

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Jarmo Partanen: Sähköistyminen mullistaa muunkin kuin energiateollisuuden

  1. 1. Sähköistyminen mullistaa muunkin kuin energiateollisuuden prof. Jarmo Partanen
  2. 2. Break-through of Energy Market …….? Several global intertwined drivers at the same time. Even one of them will have a dramatic impact on the energy market, global industries and societies Overwhelming threat to global living conditions; climate warming and quality of air; CO2 and fine particles Extra low cost mass production of power technology; PV, wind, power electronics, storages, EVs, ugrids, ……3D printing,… what next? Internet of everything; Everyone knows everything of everything – online information
  3. 3. Break-through of Energy Market …….? 15 €/MWh! 200 GW, 200 Mrd$
  4. 4. Break-through of Industry&Society Several global intertwined drivers at the same time. Even one of these will have a dramatic global impact on societies (people, industries, geopolitics,..) Overwhelming threat to global living conditions; climate warming and quality of air; CO2 and fine particles Extra low cost mass production of power (+other) technologies; PV, wind, power electronics, storages, EVs, ugrids Internet of everything; Everyone knows everything of everything – online information Electricity – storable, unlimited, clean, low cost, --> new primary energy source Second wave of electrification; Chemical industry, steel industry, cement industry, energy sector, transportation, agriculture, … (target of COP21) CO2 will be a raw material instead of emission&waste
  5. 5. Global CO2 emissions Our target
  6. 6. What did we agree in Paris 2015? Transportation 13 % Energy & Heat 25 % Industry 27 % Land use 18 % Agriculture14 % Waste 3 %
  7. 7. X
  8. 8. NUCLEAR CCS RENEWABLES CO2 free energy sector
  9. 9. SOLAR, WIND, BIO, NUCLEAR STORAGE Current energy business New opportunities New business opportunities How to change emissions (CO2) to useful raw material? ? Other sectors – how to reach CO2 free world?
  10. 10. Power-to-X BLENDING METHANOL CONVERTER Direct fuel use MTBE CONVERSION Fuel additives RWGS CO2 + H2 FT SYNTHESIS REFINING METHANOL TO OLEFINS Plastics METHANOL TO GASOLINE Gasoline Drop-in METHANATION Methane
  11. 11. NEO-CARBON http://www.neocarbonenergy.fi/
  12. 12. Air CO2 Electricity H2O
  13. 13. In the middle of desert!
  14. 14. FUEL FROM THE AIR WITH SOLAR POWER Soletair pilot plant 14 June 2017
  15. 15. Power to X; Chemical factories
  16. 16. Power to X; Fertilizers
  17. 17. Power to food; The concept Electricity CO2 Water Minerals Microorganisms Food & Feed
  18. 18. Power to food -production cost breakdown Electricity 40 €/MWh, CO2 100 €/t Protein 1.8 €/kg (dry) 1. Global trade soy protein 1 €/kg 2. Closest rival Quorn 6 €/kg
  19. 19. MtCO2 Fossil Biogenic Total Finland 4 17 21 Sweden 1 22 23 Norway 0.03 0.32 0.35 CO2 capture; Pulp, Paper, Cement, …. Finland: • Pulp: 7 MtAD • Paper & board: 10 Mt • Form wood combustion 36 Mt • Finland fossil CO2 emissions 60 Mt By volume/mass CO2 is the main product of our bio- economy cluster. Chance to change CO2-risks to earnings and new products!
  20. 20. Role of µgrids in future energy systems • Grid on & grid off operation • Distributed autonomous energy systems; local production, storages, demand response • Continuous (uninterrupted) electricity supply; at least to the ”safety needs” • Flexible resource for local and global energy balance management; • how to communicate, • business & market models
  21. 21. Example of on/off-microgrid 23
  22. 22. Role of µgrids in future energy systems • Distributed energy systems; local production, storages, demand response • Continuous (uninterrupted) electricity supply; at least the ”safety needs” • Electrification & connectivity
  23. 23. Fusion Grid Topology • System architecture with flexible voltage level • Autonomous load & fault detection, identification, protection, & system reconfiguration & recovery • Integration of energy markets (metering and trading) Distribution network topology • Energy mesh network • Autonoumous (configuration and - recovery) • Decentralised, Multimaster (4.9G) • Remote controlled 4.9G 750 VDC 120-480 VAC 4.9G 750 VDC 120-480 VAC 4.9G microcell, 2 km 4.9G picocell, 200 m House Peak load: 1 kW House Peak load: 1 kW House Peak load: 1 kW VDC = 750..1500 VDC House Peak load: 10 kW 4.9G 750 VDC 120-480 VAC House Peak load: 1 kW 4848 VDC Vend-customer(distance, cable, load) House Peak load: 1 kW LVDC distribution, Up to 10 km 350 VDC 4.9G macrocell, 32 km =/~ =/~ VAC = 120..480 VAC 48 DC/ 120-480 AC 48 DC/ 120-480 AC 48 DC/ 120-480 AC LVAC distribution, Up to 10 km =/~ =/~ =/~ =/~ =/~ =/~ =/~ 48-DC 120-480 VAC =/~ =/~ =/~ 48- VDC 120-480 VAC =/~ =/~ =/~
  24. 24. Role of ugrids in future energy systems • Distributed energy systems; local production, storages, demand response • Continuous (uninterrupted) electricity supply; technology exists • Electrification & connectivity • Local production of…………. • Fuels • Fertilizers • Food • ….
  25. 25. Break-through of Industry&Society Several global intertwined drivers at the same time. Even one of these will have a dramatic global impact on societies (people, industries, geopolitics,..) Overwhelming threat to global living conditions; climate warming and quality of air; CO2 and fine particles Extra low cost mass production of power (+other) technologies; PV, wind, power electronics, storages, EVs, ugrids Internet of everything; Everyone knows everything of everything – online information Electricity – storable, unlimited, clean, low cost, --> primary energy source Second wave of electrification; Chemical industry, steel industry, cement industry, energy sector, transportation, agriculture, … (target of COP21) CO2 will be a raw material instead of emission&waste Energy and capacity efficiency Distributed scaleable sustainable solutions – chance for global/local firms and investors Electrification & Connectivity – equality of information, equality of resources, independency of locations Power to the people
  26. 26. Break-through of Energy Market Expertise and strenghts at LUT – Energy is one of the three focus areas at LUT System based view – team working Global simulation models for transition of energy related systems (industrial revolution) Power conversion & ugrids Hydrogen & CCU, apply of CO2 as a raw material for fuels, materials, food Energy market modeling and regulation Business transition Production technology IoT Show cases – lab infra Industrial partners; ABB, Aurelia, SSS, Danfoss, Fortum, GEF, Nokia, Yaskawa, Wärtsilä, …. Capability to invest; personel + infrastructure

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