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Ananda Raj Pokharel and Binita Bhattarai: Learning from local adaptation actions in Nepal

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Ananda Raj Pokharel and Binita Bhattarai: Learning from local adaptation actions in Nepal

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Ananda Raj Pokharel and Binita Bhattarai: Learning from local adaptation actions in Nepal

  1. 1. LEARNING FROM LOCAL ADAPTATION ACTIONS IN NEPAL : A WAY FORWARD FOR NAP PROCESS Ananda Raj Pokharel and Binita Bhattarai Section Officer(s) Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment, Nepal
  2. 2. Outline  Background  Adaptation Policy and Frameworks  Multiple Adaptation Interventions  LAPA Implementation: NCCSP  Learning  Gaps identified  Way forward for NAP
  3. 3. Climate change and Nepal  Nepal one of the most climate change vulnerable countries  Enabling policies and plans on climate change and adaptation  National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA), Three Year Plan, and Climate Change Policy and National Framework on LAPA  LAPA - localizing implementation of adaptation actions  Some stand-alone projects on adaptation
  4. 4. Country Policy Mainstreaming climate agenda into national development Primary objectives: Poverty reduction Livelihood improvement and diversification Building resilience
  5. 5. National Framework on LAPA  The LAPA Framework provides a way to integrate local peoples adaptation needs for climate change resilience into local-to- national planning systems  The LAPA Framework ensures that the process of integrating climate change resilience into local planning is bottom- up, inclusive, responsive and flexible
  6. 6. LAPA Process  The LAPA process uses climate vulnerability assessments to identify the VDC, municipalities and livelihoods most at risk of climate change  LAPA approach fully people-centred and is designed to ensure full and effective participation of, and benefits to, climate vulnerable  LAPAs are prepared following robust process with strong ownership of local communities, stakeholders, VDC and DDC
  7. 7. Adaptation Interventions: Projects  Pilot Program for Climate Resilience – PPCR  5 components  Covering watershed, hazard, risk management in devt., private sector participation, species conservation  Community Based Flood and GLOF Risk Reduction  GLOF control of Imja Lake  Flood control in Saptari, Siraha, Mahottari, Udayapur districts
  8. 8.  Catalyzing ecosystem restoration for resilient natural capital and rural livelihoods in degraded forests and rangelands of Nepal  Project preparation phase  UNEP and MOSTE in partnership with MoFSC and MoAD  Enhancing capacity, knowledge and technology support to build climate resilience of vulnerable developing countries  Components: capacity building, knowledge support and technology support Adaptation Interventions…
  9. 9.  Ecosystem Based Adaptation in Mountain Ecosystem in Nepal  Being implemented in Panchase conservation area (17 VDCs, 3 districts)  Capacity building: local communities, institutions  Implement EBA measures for continued provision of ecosystem services  Nepal Climate Change Support Programme (NCCSP)  Being implemented in 100 VDCs and 1 Municipality  Expected to reduce climate vulnerability of 1 million people Adaptation Interventions…
  10. 10. NCCSP Goal and Objective Goal:  Nepal’s poorest and most vulnerable people are able to adapt well to the effects of Climate Change Ultimate objective: Enhanced capacity of GoN and Non government institutions to implement climate change policy, and adaptation actions; mainstream CC in key development sectors & implement CCA through Public Private Partnership
  11. 11. Three intervention areas of NCCSP Output 2: Putting in place local and regional mechanisms to implement and promote scalable adaptation actions and people’s resilience Output 1: Implementation of LAPA in 100 VDCs and 1 Municipality Output 3: Establish and develop GoN institutional and funding mechanism for Climate Change Activities
  12. 12. District Level Activities District Development Committees LAPA actions implementation at ground Impact Groups MoSTE - NCCSP Service Providers, Line agencies, Community groups Implementation Modality MoFALD Project Management Unit TechnicalAssistanceProvidedbyUNDP forNCCSPimplementation Central Level Activities Project Steering Committee MoSTE
  13. 13. Institutional Mechanism for LAPA implementation Regional Climate Change Coordination Committees (RCCCC) -2 region District Environment, Energy, Climate Change Coordination Committees (DEECCCC) – 14 districts Village/Municipality Environment, Energy, Climate Change Coordination Committees (VEECCCC/MEECCCC) - 70 Regional level coordination, policies and strategies, capacity building, monitoring, supporting districts District level coordination, policies and strategies, LAPA plan and budget, monitoring, VDC level coordination, policies and strategy, plan and budget, LAPA implementation, capacity building, monitoring,
  14. 14. VDC Council District Council ParliamentMainstreaming Climate Adaptation into Local Planning Process LAPA priority actions reviewed and annual plan formulated Supported by Facilitators, with active participation from vulnerable communities and stakeholders Coordinated by VEECCCC VDC level Ward Level Community/Settlement LAPA priority actions and plan are reviewed from sectoral perspective, actions merge into other sector plan LAPA actions disaggregated into sectoral plan Coordinated by DEECCCC LAPA priority actions integrated into district level plan and submitted to DDC council Sectoral Planning Committee and Integrated Plan formulation committee Collate at Ilaka level Ministry of Finance National Planning Commission Sectoral Ministries for sector specific plan Integrated plan with different sector supporting for LAPA priority actions
  15. 15. Financial Mechanism Impact Groups GoN Treasury Ministry of Finance District Development Committee (DDC) MoSTE/NCCSP DFID and EU MoSTE Centrally Project Management Unit PMU Service Providers, Line agencies, Community groups (centrally & locally) UNDP Technical Assistance GoN, Service Providers and stakeholders Both on Budget on Treasury and On budget off Treasury mechanism adapted The Planning Process is one which is fully aligned with the GoN local planning process in both scenarios
  16. 16. Expected Key Results  100 LAPAs developed in 14 districts of Mid and Far West  550 thousand women and girls, and 450 thousand men and boys with reduced vulnerability due to local adaption and disaster risk reduction actions by 2015  500 thousand vulnerable people, 55% women, receiving access to climate resilient adaptation technology practices  200 thousand people with access to adaptation financing, CBO and NGO delivered climate resilient development interventions  190,000 women &170,000 men with access to clean energy technologies  500,000 people living in VDCs with effective adaptation actions and improved gateways to resilience
  17. 17. Key milestones of NCCSP (2012-2014)  Seventy LAPAs prepared, additional LAPAs in 30 VDCs is being prepared from July 2014  Institutional framework and coordination mechanism established  Capacity Development Plan prepared  Monitoring and Evaluation framework prepared  Low Carbon Economic Development Strategy started and ongoing  Political agreement on Low Carbon Development Strategy
  18. 18. Key milestones of NCCSP (2012-2014)  Implementation of LAPAs from July 2013  250,000 people direct/indirect beneficiaries from different activities  15000+ individuals have benefited from capacity building activities  LAPA actions are integrated into government’s annual planning system (224 types and 649 actions)  LAPA activities implementation ongoing through  Line agencies  Service providers  Community user committees
  19. 19. Learning  Ownership of the government at National to Local level is critical for mainstreaming and implementation of LAPA  Building on existing systems and mechanism enables the operationalization of LAPA smooth and sustainable  Engagement of multi-sector and multi-stakeholders is essential throughout LAPA process to ensure range of thematic coverage  Efforts has to be put into strengthening the system (governance, structures and mechanisms, capacity of central and local government) to directly benefit the climate vulnerable communities and to ensure prompt service delivery of LAPA priority actions
  20. 20. Learning continued….  Flexible management approach is necessary to be responsive to the local context to deal with any hurdles in LAPA delivery while implementation  Good examples of mainstreaming and leveraging finances at local level to enable the local communities to successfully implement big project where funding gap exist  LAPAs are therefore becoming a plan that gives other agencies a basis to support vulnerable communities to adapt to change.
  21. 21. Gaps identified  Common national goal/targets to ensure unified results among multiple adaptation interventions is necessary;  A number of interventions/projects are being implemented which has increased operational cost of the system;  Some projects are being run off-budget and off- treasury;  Projects tend to invest the most in policy and central-level activities;
  22. 22. Gaps identified…  Quality data and information is lagging for fact based adaptation planning;  Scientifically proven theoretical frame and indicator for measuring community and system resilience is highly desirable;  Many adaptation interventions have used ‘no regret options’ as the basis for deciding on adaptive interventions;  Identification and assessment of the adaptive capacity of the interventions (activities on ground) is necessary;
  23. 23. Gaps identified…  Creation of functioning learning network among government and non government stakeholders, including private sector, is necessary;  Investment in local technological innovation is necessary to ensure sustainability of system resilience
  24. 24. Way forward for NAP  Key Result Areas:  Creation of National Adaptation Plan document  Creation of Climate Change Fund  Implementation of Sector Wide Approach (SWAp) framework in the climate change planning and implementation process  Mobilization of climate finance through climate change budget code  Harmonize adaptation interventions with national system and policies  Build capacity of MoSTE and government organizations (central and local)  Strengthen sector coordination and bring synergy  Reduce vulnerability of local population to climate induced hazards and strengthen livelihood options, significantly  Build local innovation systems and promote local technological innovations.
  25. 25. Way forward for NAP…  Action Plan for Implementing NAP process:  Institutional Arrangements and Mandate for NAP  NAP Stocktaking  Envisioning NAP  Capacity Building for NAP  Drafting National Adaptation Plan  Implementation Strategies  Launching NAP Implementation  Implementing NAP  Reporting, Monitoring and Review
  26. 26. THANK YOU Village Energy Environment Climate Change Coordination Committee, Gaam VDC Rolpa Ananda Raj Pokharel, Binita Bhattarai Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment Singhadurbar, Kathmandu, Nepal Telephone: 977-1-4211855, Fax: 977-1-4211954 E-mail: pokharelar@yahoo.com, http://www.moste.gov.np

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