National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) - Opportunities for cross-sector synergies in the nexus between water, food security, forests and energy


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This presentation focuses on several elements of NAPs like climate adaptation in agriculture, inter-sectoral analysis under climate change scenarios and much more.

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National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) - Opportunities for cross-sector synergies in the nexus between water, food security, forests and energy

  1. 1. SESSION 12 • GLF Discussion Forum: National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) --Opportunities for cross-sector synergies in the nexus between water, food security, forests and energy
  4. 4. Planning climate adaptation in agriculture: Meta-synthesis of national adaptation plans in West and East Africa and South Asia Gabrielle Kissinger, Donna Lee, Victor Orindi
  5. 5. 1 Policy overview • National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) established in 2010 by the UNFCCC to help facilitate effective medium- and long-term adaptation planning and implementation in developing countries, in particular Least Developed Countries (LDCs) (FCCC/CP/2011/9/Add.1) • Adaptation Committee est. under Cancun Adaptation Framework promote the implementation of enhanced action on adaptation. Special attention paid to facilitation of NAPs by non-LDC developing country Parties. Will contribute to, and not duplicate work of the Least Developed Countries Expert Group (LEG) to support LDC national adaptation plan processes and the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI) on the work programme concerning loss and damage. • LEG Technical Guidelines for NAPs. NAPs and Agriculture: A learning workshop
  6. 6. NAPAs and NAPs Source: Kissinger, G. and T. Namgyel, 2013. NAPAs and NAPS in Least Developed Countries. IIED LDC Paper Series.
  7. 7. Multiple sectors: finding adaptation solutions Agriculture Forestry Water Urban/municipal Transportation Energy Livelihoods
  8. 8. World Bank: Economics of Impacts of Climate Change (EACC) in Ethiopia Inter-sectoral analysis (agriculture, roads and hydropower) under climate change scenarios: • Agriculture at greater risk than hydropower. • If priority given to hydropower, up to a billion cubic meters of water might be taken away from irrigated agriculture, causing a 30–40% yield drop across 250,000 hectares that would be forced to revert to rainfed conditions.
  9. 9. Strategy design/implementation Integration with development and agric sector plans • Structural and institutional issues: Agency mandates, capacity, • Integrated adaptation assessments and integrated action plans • How to strategically place adaptation priorities within the broader national policy framework? • Align and mainstream into national development or sector plans …and leverage donor funds for ‘additional’
  10. 10. Adaptation plan implementation and funding • Implementation funding: from? • Timeline for implementation of activities, including review • Iteratively assess conflicts and synergies with national development or sectoral plans • Engage monitoring and evaluation (M&E) system early: initial focus on process elements not outcomes…occur at all scales and involve stakeholders.
  11. 11. NAP finance GEF Council support for NAP processes through LDCF and SCCF Planning Prepatory activities Implementation* * GEF Council support for these activities unclear at this time
  12. 12. Stakeholder engagement Capacity building
  13. 13. National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) and agriculture: A learning workshop
  14. 14. Key agencies to facilitate NAP integration and cross-sector planning CC Integra on Guidelines 3 3 3 6 3 4 3 4 5 NAP$ 3 Central(Policy(‘Pool Actor/Ins3tu3on(Environment
  15. 15. NAP Barriers Table: Prioritization of barriers countries face in NAPs Barrier Frequency cited Lack of organization in access to finance Lack of dedicated finance instruments for CC at national level Insufficient consideration of climate issues in nat’l policies and programmes Unclear funding for implementation Inadequate appreciation of investments in adaptation Lack of long-series climate data High cost of int’l expertise and infrastructure and tools for climate research Need for financial planning Lack of baseline data/info 5 5 Graph: Country NAP 'Barriers' by Metasynthesis category 4 3 3 2 2 2 2 Implementa on 39% Design and Strategy of Methods 16% Risk Assessment and ranking 45%
  16. 16. Thank you! Gabrielle Kissinger Principal, Lexeme Consulting NAPs and Agriculture: A
  17. 17. Kenya’s National Adaptation Planning NAPs: Cross-sector synergies in the nexus between water, food security, forests and energy University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland S M King’uyu Climate Change Secretariat Ministry of Environment, Water & Natural Resources, Kenya
  18. 18. Multi-stakeholder approach Mwananchi Development Partners Media CSOs NCCAP Private Sector Academia GoK Stakeholders are:  Like fish: You catch them at their own terms, not on the fisher’s terms!  Like eggs: You handle them with care! We must speak their language!
  19. 19. Nexus indeed!
  20. 20. Ghana Climate Change Adaptation Strategy Planning Process – The Akropong Approach Delali Kofi Nutsukpo, MoFA, Dr. C Dzomorozo, CSIR-ARI and Daniel T. Benefor, EPA
  21. 21. Introduction • To effectively address the nexus of food security, water, forest and energy within a landscapes context requires effective planning • Such a planning process should be multi-sectoral and iterative involving multi stakeholders • The process approach for developing Ghana’s NCCS provides an opportunity
  22. 22. Planning Process • The integration of individual sectoral adaptation options in national development can be challenging as they can not be considered in isolation. • Under the NCCS process sectoral experts was assembled to select from a list of adaptation (75) options across the various climate vulnerable sectors that were assessed.
  23. 23. Planning Process • The proposed adaptation options were harmonised across sectors using qualitative and quantitative analysis. • An impact planning and methodological analysis tool was used to assess inter-relationships between the sectoral options, and to identify both synergies and conflicts
  24. 24. The Planning Process • The multi-criteria analysis (MCA) was used to evaluate and rank the options for selection. • Selected adaptation options clearly highlighted the synergies and conflicts between the various options • Result was further subjected to wider stakeholder MCA analysis for review and endorsement.
  25. 25. The Planning Process • The revised adaptation programmes were further harmonised based on ecosystem and programmatic approach. • This resulted in 10 cross sectoral adaptation programmes
  26. 26. Priority Adaptation programmes Item Titles of Adaptation Programmes 1. Increasing resilience to climate change impacts: identifying and enhancing early warning systems 2. Alternative livelihoods: minimizing impacts of climate change for the poor and vulnerable 3. Enhance national capacity to adapt to climate change through improved land use management 4. Adapting to climate change through enhanced research and awareness creation 5. Development and implementation of environmental sanitation strategies to adapt to climate change 6. Managing water resources as climate change adaptation to enhance productivity and livelihoods 7. Minimizing climate change impacts on socio-economic development through agricultural diversification 8. Minimizing climate change impacts human health through improved access to healthcare 9. Demand- and supply-side measures for adapting the national energy system to impacts of climate change 10. Adaptation to climate change: sustaining livelihoods through enhanced fisheries resource management
  27. 27. The Approach • The tool was developed as part of the NCCAS E. Kemp-Benedict and W. K. Agyemang-Bonsu and later became known as the “Akropong Approach” – town in which it was developed and used
  28. 28. Discussion Forum 12: National Adaptation Plans : Opportunities for Cross Sector Synergies In The Nexus Between Water, Food Security, Forests and Energy INDIA National Initiatives for Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) J P Mishra Adviser (Agriculture) Planning Commission, Govt. of India
  29. 29. Mainstreaming NAPs in Development Plans • India has succeeded in drafting the National Action Plan and eight National Missions with strong focus on adaptation; envisages mainstreaming adaptation in the developmental planning. • • Launching of the National Initiative on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) for research and National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) for development both of which are key for implementing the national adaptation plans in agriculture. • Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) and Integrated Watershed Development Programme (IWMP) both of which have strong component of environmental services, climate change adaptation and livelihood support
  30. 30. National Initiative on Climate Resilient Agriculture • Components: • • • • Strategic Research Technology Demonstration Capacity Building Process: • Assessment for vulnerability to climatic stresses and extreme events • • • Identify specific suite of technology module Intervention with whole village approach Product: • 150 Climate Smart Village in most vulnerable districts
  31. 31. Climate Smart Villages • • 150 CSVs developed in as many districts The vision is to have all these villages comply with Climate Smart Practices: • Utilization of complete water harvesting potential • Mandatory groundwater recharge structures • Energy efficient pumps for water lifting • Water saving rice cultivation practices • Greening of wastelands with tree cover • Livestock feeding, shelter and manure management
  32. 32. National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture •Outlay for XII Five Year Plan: US$ 2000 million •Key deliverable •Development of rainfed agricultureproductivity, food security with sustainability •Programmatic interventions: •Efficient water application tools (about 65% of total outlay) •Water conservation/harvesting •Integrated farming in watershed plus approach •Capacity building (>5% of total allocation) 11/20/2013 34