IncorporatingSocialCohesion intoDevelopmentProgramme                 -A ChecklistMunas Kalden (2009),UNDP Sri Lanka       ...
Peacebuilding                                                 sports, recreation and creative activities;               Go...
Key components of Social Transformation       Good Governance and Social Cohesion:        It covers participation, rule o...
Key Element 1:        Good Governance and Social CohesionAim:Build confidence among the service provider and client by ado...
 Project activities, Implementing Partners and their selection                   process were made available at the inter...
 Supervision:                The efforts of benefiting organization/institution increased its                  clients i...
Key Element 2:        Networking for PeacebuildingAim: Establish networking for Peacebuilding and peace promotion amongsoc...
members in their village, neighbor villages with                    different ethnic, language and social groups.         ...
Connecting youth and women organizations:                       Youths (both male and female) in the village become      ...
Key Element 3:        Conflict Transformational SkillsAim:Build the capacity of clients, beneficiaries, CBOS and service p...
Local dispute mechanism and local reconciliation forum:                       Local       reconciliation     mechanism   ...
monitoring jointly with the parties involved in the                               dispute/conflict) and content.        Ke...
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Incorporating Social Cohesion into Transition and Development Programme-Checklist

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Incorporating Social Cohesion into Transition and Development Programme-Checklist

  1. 1. IncorporatingSocialCohesion intoDevelopmentProgramme -A ChecklistMunas Kalden (2009),UNDP Sri Lanka 1
  2. 2. Peacebuilding sports, recreation and creative activities; Good Governance Linking schools and institutions; connecting youth and women Participation, rule of law, transparency, organizations; residential and community equality, responsiveness, vision, based corporations; Occupational groups accountability, supervision, efficiency and and professional organizations; effectiveness, and professionalism. Community leaders, Tradition and interfaith corporation for coexistence. Key components of Social Transformation Conflict Transformational Skills Local Economic Development mediation, negotiation, conflict Market linkage and social relations; resolution mechanism, problem solving , employment and youth, livelihood and local dispute resolution mechanism,local women empowerment reconciliation forums.Framework for Incorporating Social Transformation intoDevelopment Interventions developed by Munas KaldenMunas Kalden Page 2
  3. 3. Key components of Social Transformation  Good Governance and Social Cohesion: It covers participation, rule of law, transparency, equality, responsiveness, vision, accountability, supervision, efficiency and effectiveness, and professionalism.  Peacebuilding and Social Cohesion: It includes sports, recreation and creative activities; linking schools and institutions; connecting youth and women organizations; residential and community based corporations; Occupational groups and professional organizations; community leaders, Tradition and interfaith corporation for coexistence.  Conflict Transformation Skills: It consists of mediation, negotiation, conflict resolution mechanism, problem solving, local dispute resolution mechanism, local reconciliation forums.  Local Economic Development and Social Cohesion: It posits market linkage and social relations; employment and youth, livelihood and women empowerment.Munas Kalden Page 3
  4. 4. Key Element 1: Good Governance and Social CohesionAim:Build confidence among the service provider and client by adopting theprinciple of good governance.Checklist 1. Good Governance Ensured  Participation:  All beneficiaries are encouraged to express their opinion in the process of implementing, monitoring and evaluating the project.  Beneficiaries’ input fed into project decision making.  Non beneficiaries were given opportunity know why they were not selected.  Participatory methods were employed to select the relevant beneficiaries.  Beneficiaries and stakeholders had clear role on project implementation.  Transparency and accountability:  Mutual trust built between and among the stakeholders and the beneficiaries through the provision of information relating to the project intervention  Beneficiary selection criteria displayed and shared with the beneficiaries and stakeholders.Munas Kalden Page 4
  5. 5.  Project activities, Implementing Partners and their selection process were made available at the intervention location in local languages.  Monthly and quarterly progress reports were shared among the stakeholders.  Budget, if appropriate, shared with the beneficiaries and stakeholders at the beginning of the project intervention.  Equality:  Equal opportunity provided for all clients by the beneficiary institution/organization to maximize the benefit of the project.  Beneficiary institution/staff increased inclusiveness in the process of delivering their services.  Equality respected by the beneficiary institution by practicing it in their daily professional works.  Responsiveness:  The sensitivity of the beneficiary staff increased to the aspiration of their clients.  Response of beneficiary staff made within the very short span of time upon any aspiration brought to them by the client and service receivers or recipients.  Any response by the beneficiary staff made on client centered manner.  Vision:  Beneficiary institution/organization had clear vision and strategy with the participation of the clients in all process of their activities, so that they acquire sense of ownership and responsibility for the progress.Munas Kalden Page 5
  6. 6.  Supervision:  The efforts of benefiting organization/institution increased its clients in its operation.  The benefiting organization/institution increased participatory supervision by involving its clients, in the operations.  Professionalism:  Capacity of beneficiary organization/institution built to deliver easy, fast, accurate and affordable services for their clients.  Services of beneficiary organization delivered on a systematic and client oriented manner.  Clients confidence increased on the service provider and trust built between the clients and service providers.  As a result, amity increased friendship fostered among the clients.  Unwanted delay reduced in the getting the services of the client from the beneficiary institution/organization and avoided disputes.Munas Kalden Page 6
  7. 7. Key Element 2: Networking for PeacebuildingAim: Establish networking for Peacebuilding and peace promotion amongsocial organizations.Checklist 2. Peacebuilding network created sports, recreation and creative activities:  Sports/recreational clubs identified for peacebuilding and peace promotion.  Sports/recreational clubs capacitated to use the sports/recreation as agent of peace.  Sports/recreation utilized to increase attachment points among youth with different ethnic, language, and social groups.  The youths from the sports/recreational clubs built their healthy social relations horizontally, with the department of sports in the district, in the province and in national level.  The youth involving in the sports built their relationship vertically, with their fellow sports clubMunas Kalden Page 7
  8. 8. members in their village, neighbor villages with different ethnic, language and social groups.  The men and women through the sports and recreation made relationship with their families (from personal to family).  Cultural activities through creative creations promoted among the youth (boys and girls) with deferent ethnic, culture and social backgrounds.  Traditional events promoted to understand pluralism and multiculturalism among different ethnic, language, religious and social groups in the society.  Literature forums formed and strengthened to foster inter cultural, inter religious understanding and coexistence.  Social media and community radio of the area promoted the peace activities of sports, recreation and creative initiatives. Linking schools and institutions:  Inter schools interactions increased to build peace among and between students as well as among and between teachers.  Institutional linkage created and strengthened to promote relationship through education.  Educational authorities, parents, teachers and principals positively interacted and built social relation through educational means.Munas Kalden Page 8
  9. 9. Connecting youth and women organizations:  Youths (both male and female) in the village become member of social organization which care them as social construct and utilize their potentiality for community development.  Their (both male and female) feeling of deprived has been transformed into better future through training to find employment opportunities.  Self-esteem of the youth, male and female, gained and maintained by being inclusiveness with the society (this reduce violent nature or crisis mind set of them).  Linkage of those organizations, youth and women, with the vocational training, International Labor Organization (ILO), Ministry of Youth Empowerment etc, established.  Network created between the youth and women organizations and those of district chamber of commerce, trading associations, micro finance institutions, rural development banks etc.  ..Munas Kalden Page 9
  10. 10. Key Element 3: Conflict Transformational SkillsAim:Build the capacity of clients, beneficiaries, CBOS and service providers onconflict transformational skills, such as mediation, negotiation andreconciliation to avoid conflict and enhance social cohesion.Checklist 3. Mediation and negotiation:  Community mediation bodies identified and capacity built on the mediation process with steps.  Mediation process with stages (stage1: introduction, stage2: Telling the story (description), stage3: Understanding the problem, stage 4: towards resolution, stage5: resolution) understood and applied in the works.  Community mediation mechanisms identified and promoted through development activities.  Exposed and expressed in the village context during community level interaction between and among villagers and mediation professionals.  Husband-wife, parents-children relation, improved through development activities by building their communicational skills.  Relationship improved between the neighbors by negotiating dispute through constructive communication.Munas Kalden Page 10
  11. 11. Local dispute mechanism and local reconciliation forum:  Local reconciliation mechanism identified and promoted by involving them for the development activities.  Honest acknowledgement of the harm /injury each party has influenced on the other made through increasing interaction for development activities. (this is ideal when the project beneficiaries are from affected communities and the project gives the opportunity for honest acknowledgement.)  Opportunity created for the parties involved in the crisis/problem, for expressing sincere regrets and remorse for the injury done, through the project intervention.  Readiness for apologize by the parties involved in the dispute/conflict made by interacting for and through project related activities.  Readiness for the conflicting parties to ‘let go’ of the anger and bitterness caused by the conflict and injury, created by providing opportunity to interact for project purpose.  Commitment by the offender not to repeat the injury ensured through the cause of implementing the projects of development by reflecting on the activities and social relationship.  Sincere efforts to redress the past grievances that caused by the conflict/dispute and compensate the damage caused to the extend possible by the process and content of the projects.  Entering into a new mutually enriching relationship through the process (designing, implanting andMunas Kalden Page 11
  12. 12. monitoring jointly with the parties involved in the dispute/conflict) and content. Key Element 4: Local economic developmentAim: Build the positive relationship among and between the actorsinvolved in the business and livelihood activities.Checklist 4. Market linkage and social interaction:  Opportunities created to interact for conflicting parties through market linkages and built relationship.  Identify unemployed youth, male and female, and build their capacity with linking to the prevailing markets of the community context.  Empowered women through micro finance and increased positive interaction with their families-parent, husband and children.  Employability created for youth, male and female, with different ethnic, cultural and social background.  Increased interaction among between the business community and farmers through the project intervention.  Increased positive interaction between the financing agencies and entrepreneurs through livelihood project activities.  Increase positive relationship among and between producer, seller, packing the products, transporter of the products, warehouse keeper of the products, consumers etc through development intervention activities.Munas Kalden Page 12

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