SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 20
Download to read offline
PURSUING WISDOM
AND FACING
CHALLENGES IN THE
TWENTY- FIRST
CENTURY
GROUP 1
OBJECTIVES
TO DISTINGUISH A HOLISTIC
PERSPECTIVE FROM A PARTIAL POINT
OF VIEW
01
TO RECOGNIZE HUMAN ACTIVITIES
THAT EMANATED FROM DELIBERATE
REFLECTION
02
TO REALIZE THE VALUE OF DOING
PHILOSOPHY IN OBTAINING A BROAD
PERSPECTIVE ON LIFE.
03
TO DO A PHILOSOPHICAL REFLECTION
ON A CONCRETE SITUATION FROM A
HOLISTIC PERSPECTIVE.
04
TO APPRECIATE FILIPINO INDIGENOUS
THOUGHTS.
05
One of the key elements in many
educational reforms is diversity.
Diversity is the difference that makes
each person unique. ( biology, ethnicity,
and culture, family life, beliefs,
geography ,experiences, and religion)
INTRODUCTION OF
PHILOSOPHY
THE MEANING OF
PHILOSOPHY
The word philosophy comes
from the greek words,
Philo- meaning to LOVE and
Sophia- m.eaning WISDOM
Philosophy originally meant, love
of wisdom, and in a broad sense,
wisdom is still the goal of
philosophy.
Philosophy is also defined as the
science that by natural light of
reason studies the first causes
and highest principle of all things.
FOUR THINGS TO
CONSIDER
A. SCIENCE B. NATURAL LIGHT OF
REASON
C. STUDY OF ALL
THINGS
D. FIRST CAUSES OR
HIGHEST PRINCIPLE
SCIENCE
IT IS CALLED SCIENCE
BECAUSE THE
INVESTIGATION IS
SYSTEMATIC, IT
FOLLOWS CERTAIN
STEPS, OR IT EMPLOYS
CERTAIN PROCEDURES.
NATURAL
LIGHT OF
REASON
PHILOSOPHY INVESTIGATES
THINGS, NOT BY USING ANY
OTHER LABORATORY
INSTRUMENTS OR
INVESTIGATIVE TOOLS.
NEITHER ON THE BASIS OF
SUPERNATURAL. INSTEAD
THE PHILOSOPHER USES HIS
NATURAL CAPACITY TO
THINK OR SIMPLY HUMAN
REASON ALONE CALLED
UNAIDED REASON.
STUDY
OF ALL
THINGS
A PHILOSOPHER STUDIES
HUMAN BEINGS, SOCIETY,
RELIGION, LANGUAGE, GOD
AND PLANTS. THE REASON
IS THE PHILOSOPHY NOT
DIMENSIONAL OR PARTIAL.
THE PHILOSOPHER THAT
NOT LIMIT HIMSELF TO A
PARTICULAR OF OBJECT
FIRST
CAUSES
OR
HIGHEST
PRINCIPLE
A. PRINCIPLE OF IDENTITY –WHAT
EVER IT IS; AND WHAT EVER IS
NOT. EVERYTHING IS WHAT IS.
B. PRINCIPLE OF NON-
CONTRADICTION- ITIS
IMPOSSIBLEFOR A THING TO BE
AND NOT TO BE AT THE SAME
TIME,AND AT THE SAME RESPECT.
C. PRINCIPLE OF EXCLUDED
MIDDLE- THE THING IS EITHER IS
OR IS NOT.
D. PRINCIPLE OF SUFFICIENT
REASON- NOTHING EXIST
WITHOUT A SUFFICIENT REASON.
Early greek philosophers study aspects or natural sciences and human world
that later become separate sciences----astronomy, physics, psychology, and
sociology. On the other hand, certain basic problems--- the nature of the
universe, the standard of justice, the validity of knowledge, the correct
application of reason and the criteria of beauty have been the domain of
philosophy from its beginning s to the present.
Five branches of philosophy---metaphysics,ethics, epistemology,logic and
aesthetics. (to be discussed)
Special branches of Philosophy---philosophy of science,philosophy of
state,philosophy of politics, philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of
education, philosophy of law, philosophy of language and others.
·In attaining wisdom, there is a need for emptying. Emptying can be intellectual,
spiritual and also physical.
1.1 RECOGNIZE HUMAN
ACTIVITES THAT EMANATED
FROM DELIBERATE
REFLECTION
HOLISTICPERSPECTIVE-Oneofthegreatestneedsofanyone
seeking“wisdom”isagenuinesympathyandanunderstandingofall
themostdiversepointsofview
PARTIALPERSPECTIVE–Anarrowprovincialismofmind,limitedto
theideasandoutlookofasinglepartyorasingleage.
1.2.1 THE BRANCHES OF
PHILOSOPHY
METHAPHYSICS
ETHICS
EPISTEMOLOGY
LOGIC
METHAPHYSICS
-Metaphysics is really only and extension of a fundamental and necessary drive in every human
being to know what is real.
-the metaphysician’s task is to explain that part of our experience, which we call unreal in terms of
what we call real.
- for instance, for Thales, a greek philosopher, everything is water. He claims that everything we
experience is water--- which we call “reality”
-both the idealist and the materialist metaphysical theories are similarly based on unobservable
entities: mind and matter
- Plato, Socrates` most famous student, (is a good example of a metaphysician who draws the
sharpest possible contrast between reality and appearance.) Nothing we experience in the
physical world with our five senses is real, according to Plato.
(REFLECTIONS,MEDITATIONS AND CONVERSATIONS THAT ROCKED THE WORLD: By What
Values Shall I Live In The World? By Plato)
ETHICS
·Is the branch of philosophy that explores the nature or moral
virtue and evaluates human actions
·Ethics is generally a study of the nature of moral judgements.
·Philosophy insist that obedience to moral law be given a rational
foundation
(REFLECTIONS, MEDITIATIONS, AND CONVERSATIONS THAT
ROCKED THE WORLD: What Constitutes A Human Person?
PLATO, SOCRATES, ARISTOTLE)
(REFLECTIONS,MEDITIATIONS, AND CONVERSATIONS THAT
ROCKED THE WORLD: How Much Freedom Should We Have?
Who Should Decide?)
·Specifically, epistemology deals with nature, sources,
limitations and validity of knowledge (Soccio 2001
·Epistemology explains:
(1) how we know;what we claim to know
(2) how we can find out what we wish to know; and
(3) how we can differentiate truth from falsehood.
EPISTEMOLOGY
1. On the one hand, he sees,hears, and touches; on the other hand, he organize in his
mind what he learns through the senses.Some philosophers think that the particular
thing seen, heard and touched are more important . They believe that general ideas are
formed from the examination of particular facts. This method is called induction, and
philosphers who feel that knowledge is acquired in this way are called empiricists. (e.g,.
John Locke). Empiricsm is the view that knowledge can be attained through sense
experience.
2. Other philosphers think that it is more important to find a general law according to
which particular facts can be understood or judged. This method is called deduction; its
advocates are called rationalists (e.g,, Rene Descartes)
HOW DO WE ACQUIRE RELIABLE KNOWLEDGE?
HUMAN KNOWLEDGE MAY BE REGARDED AS
HAVING TWO PARTS?
LOGIC
·The term “logic” comes from the greek word logike and was coined by Zeno, the Stoic (c.340-265BC)
·Etymologically, it means a treatise on matters pertaining to the human thought.
·Aristotle was the first philosopher to devise a logical method.
·Logical reasoning makes us certain thatb our conclusions are true, and this provides us with accepted
scientific proofs or universally valid proposiitons or statements.
·Since the time of Aristotle the study of lies and fallacies has been considered an integral part of logic.
·Zeno of Citium is one of the successors of Aristotle. He is also the founder of the movement known as
stoicism, derived from the greek stoa poikile (painted porch
·Other more influential authors of logic then are Cierco, Porphyry, and Boethius, in the later Roman
Empire.; the Byzantine Scholar--- Philoponus and Al-Farabi, Avicenna, and Averroes in the arab world.
(REFLECTION, MEDITATIONS, AND CONVERSATIONS THAT ROCKED THE WORLD: Artificial Intelligence)
AESTHETICS
·The establishment of criteria of beauty is the
function of aesthetics.
·Aesthetic is the science of the beautiful in its
various manifestations—including sublime,
comic, tragic, pathetic, and ugly.
·It vitalizes our knowledge.
·It helps us more deeply and richly
·It brings us in touch with our culture
-Hans-Georg Gadamer, a german philosopher, argues that our taste
and judgements regarding beauty, work in connection with ones own
personal experience nad culture. That is why a “dialog” or conversation
is important in interpreting works or art. ( white 1991)
According to Gadamer, interpretative and isofar as all interpretation,
involves the exchange between the familiar and thr alien, so all
interpretation is also translative.


Asbranchofphilosophystudentsshouldconsidertheimportanceof
philosophybecauseofthefollowing:
A Background in Sculpture (1).pdf

More Related Content

Similar to A Background in Sculpture (1).pdf

WEEK_1_DOING_PHILOSOPHY.pptx
WEEK_1_DOING_PHILOSOPHY.pptxWEEK_1_DOING_PHILOSOPHY.pptx
WEEK_1_DOING_PHILOSOPHY.pptxRalphNavelino2
 
PPT_GEC108-File-Copy of Math Practicaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaae.pd...
PPT_GEC108-File-Copy of Math Practicaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaae.pd...PPT_GEC108-File-Copy of Math Practicaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaae.pd...
PPT_GEC108-File-Copy of Math Practicaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaae.pd...lovryantadenaamiling
 
Lecture 1. philosophy_in_general
Lecture 1. philosophy_in_generalLecture 1. philosophy_in_general
Lecture 1. philosophy_in_generalsekapeka
 
L1 philosophy-130628222719-phpapp02
L1 philosophy-130628222719-phpapp02L1 philosophy-130628222719-phpapp02
L1 philosophy-130628222719-phpapp02EsOj Soberano
 
INTRODUCTION TO ETHICS - SY 2022-2023.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO ETHICS - SY 2022-2023.pptxINTRODUCTION TO ETHICS - SY 2022-2023.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO ETHICS - SY 2022-2023.pptxJeviTinagan
 
PHILOSOPHY and EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHY
PHILOSOPHY and EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHYPHILOSOPHY and EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHY
PHILOSOPHY and EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHYRey John Rebucas
 
Philosophy-of-the-Human-Person.pptx
Philosophy-of-the-Human-Person.pptxPhilosophy-of-the-Human-Person.pptx
Philosophy-of-the-Human-Person.pptxaarondavealvarez393
 
Introduction to Philosophy
Introduction to PhilosophyIntroduction to Philosophy
Introduction to PhilosophyChoobie Albia
 
Philosophy
PhilosophyPhilosophy
Philosophynairtam
 
Lecture 1 Introduction to Philosophy
Lecture 1 Introduction to PhilosophyLecture 1 Introduction to Philosophy
Lecture 1 Introduction to PhilosophyArnel Rivera
 
Introduction to the Philosophy of the Human Person_Module 1.pdf
Introduction to the Philosophy of the Human Person_Module 1.pdfIntroduction to the Philosophy of the Human Person_Module 1.pdf
Introduction to the Philosophy of the Human Person_Module 1.pdfJonathanSalon
 
1_Doing_Philosophy_edited.pptx
1_Doing_Philosophy_edited.pptx1_Doing_Philosophy_edited.pptx
1_Doing_Philosophy_edited.pptxSer Louis Fabunan
 
Philosophy Lecture 1.pptx
Philosophy Lecture 1.pptxPhilosophy Lecture 1.pptx
Philosophy Lecture 1.pptxabhishekraja19
 
Philosophy - William Allan Kritsonis, PhD
Philosophy - William Allan Kritsonis, PhDPhilosophy - William Allan Kritsonis, PhD
Philosophy - William Allan Kritsonis, PhDWilliam Kritsonis
 
Module 1-Doing Philosophy.pptx
Module 1-Doing Philosophy.pptxModule 1-Doing Philosophy.pptx
Module 1-Doing Philosophy.pptxZanderDadoGayagoy
 

Similar to A Background in Sculpture (1).pdf (20)

WEEK_1_DOING_PHILOSOPHY.pptx
WEEK_1_DOING_PHILOSOPHY.pptxWEEK_1_DOING_PHILOSOPHY.pptx
WEEK_1_DOING_PHILOSOPHY.pptx
 
PPT_GEC108-File-Copy of Math Practicaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaae.pd...
PPT_GEC108-File-Copy of Math Practicaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaae.pd...PPT_GEC108-File-Copy of Math Practicaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaae.pd...
PPT_GEC108-File-Copy of Math Practicaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaae.pd...
 
Lecture 1. philosophy_in_general
Lecture 1. philosophy_in_generalLecture 1. philosophy_in_general
Lecture 1. philosophy_in_general
 
Philosophy.pptx
Philosophy.pptxPhilosophy.pptx
Philosophy.pptx
 
L1 philosophy-130628222719-phpapp02
L1 philosophy-130628222719-phpapp02L1 philosophy-130628222719-phpapp02
L1 philosophy-130628222719-phpapp02
 
H.e.b report for philosophy
H.e.b report for philosophyH.e.b report for philosophy
H.e.b report for philosophy
 
INTRODUCTION TO ETHICS - SY 2022-2023.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO ETHICS - SY 2022-2023.pptxINTRODUCTION TO ETHICS - SY 2022-2023.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO ETHICS - SY 2022-2023.pptx
 
Itp.pptx
Itp.pptxItp.pptx
Itp.pptx
 
PHILOSOPHY and EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHY
PHILOSOPHY and EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHYPHILOSOPHY and EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHY
PHILOSOPHY and EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHY
 
Philosophy of Education
Philosophy of EducationPhilosophy of Education
Philosophy of Education
 
PHILOSOPHY_Q1 (1).docx
PHILOSOPHY_Q1 (1).docxPHILOSOPHY_Q1 (1).docx
PHILOSOPHY_Q1 (1).docx
 
Philosophy-of-the-Human-Person.pptx
Philosophy-of-the-Human-Person.pptxPhilosophy-of-the-Human-Person.pptx
Philosophy-of-the-Human-Person.pptx
 
Introduction to Philosophy
Introduction to PhilosophyIntroduction to Philosophy
Introduction to Philosophy
 
Philosophy
PhilosophyPhilosophy
Philosophy
 
Lecture 1 Introduction to Philosophy
Lecture 1 Introduction to PhilosophyLecture 1 Introduction to Philosophy
Lecture 1 Introduction to Philosophy
 
Introduction to the Philosophy of the Human Person_Module 1.pdf
Introduction to the Philosophy of the Human Person_Module 1.pdfIntroduction to the Philosophy of the Human Person_Module 1.pdf
Introduction to the Philosophy of the Human Person_Module 1.pdf
 
1_Doing_Philosophy_edited.pptx
1_Doing_Philosophy_edited.pptx1_Doing_Philosophy_edited.pptx
1_Doing_Philosophy_edited.pptx
 
Philosophy Lecture 1.pptx
Philosophy Lecture 1.pptxPhilosophy Lecture 1.pptx
Philosophy Lecture 1.pptx
 
Philosophy - William Allan Kritsonis, PhD
Philosophy - William Allan Kritsonis, PhDPhilosophy - William Allan Kritsonis, PhD
Philosophy - William Allan Kritsonis, PhD
 
Module 1-Doing Philosophy.pptx
Module 1-Doing Philosophy.pptxModule 1-Doing Philosophy.pptx
Module 1-Doing Philosophy.pptx
 

More from KrizellaKateMagdarao

Lecture-10-Mineral-Resources-and-Mining-s.ppt
Lecture-10-Mineral-Resources-and-Mining-s.pptLecture-10-Mineral-Resources-and-Mining-s.ppt
Lecture-10-Mineral-Resources-and-Mining-s.pptKrizellaKateMagdarao
 
Spontaneity-Entropy-and-Free-Energy.ppt
Spontaneity-Entropy-and-Free-Energy.pptSpontaneity-Entropy-and-Free-Energy.ppt
Spontaneity-Entropy-and-Free-Energy.pptKrizellaKateMagdarao
 
Pursuing_Wisdom_and_Facing_Challenges_in.pptx
Pursuing_Wisdom_and_Facing_Challenges_in.pptxPursuing_Wisdom_and_Facing_Challenges_in.pptx
Pursuing_Wisdom_and_Facing_Challenges_in.pptxKrizellaKateMagdarao
 

More from KrizellaKateMagdarao (6)

Projectile-Motion.pptx
Projectile-Motion.pptxProjectile-Motion.pptx
Projectile-Motion.pptx
 
lakbaysanaysay-200216084541.pdf
lakbaysanaysay-200216084541.pdflakbaysanaysay-200216084541.pdf
lakbaysanaysay-200216084541.pdf
 
Geothermal-Energy_0.ppt
Geothermal-Energy_0.pptGeothermal-Energy_0.ppt
Geothermal-Energy_0.ppt
 
Lecture-10-Mineral-Resources-and-Mining-s.ppt
Lecture-10-Mineral-Resources-and-Mining-s.pptLecture-10-Mineral-Resources-and-Mining-s.ppt
Lecture-10-Mineral-Resources-and-Mining-s.ppt
 
Spontaneity-Entropy-and-Free-Energy.ppt
Spontaneity-Entropy-and-Free-Energy.pptSpontaneity-Entropy-and-Free-Energy.ppt
Spontaneity-Entropy-and-Free-Energy.ppt
 
Pursuing_Wisdom_and_Facing_Challenges_in.pptx
Pursuing_Wisdom_and_Facing_Challenges_in.pptxPursuing_Wisdom_and_Facing_Challenges_in.pptx
Pursuing_Wisdom_and_Facing_Challenges_in.pptx
 

Recently uploaded

Shark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristics
Shark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristicsShark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristics
Shark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristicsArubSultan
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC ...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC ...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
4.4.24 Economic Precarity and Global Economic Forces.pptx
4.4.24 Economic Precarity and Global Economic Forces.pptx4.4.24 Economic Precarity and Global Economic Forces.pptx
4.4.24 Economic Precarity and Global Economic Forces.pptxmary850239
 
Advancing Gender Equality The Crucial Role of Science and Technology 4 April ...
Advancing Gender Equality The Crucial Role of Science and Technology 4 April ...Advancing Gender Equality The Crucial Role of Science and Technology 4 April ...
Advancing Gender Equality The Crucial Role of Science and Technology 4 April ...EduSkills OECD
 
The Shop Floor Overview in the Odoo 17 ERP
The Shop Floor Overview in the Odoo 17 ERPThe Shop Floor Overview in the Odoo 17 ERP
The Shop Floor Overview in the Odoo 17 ERPCeline George
 
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptxEmployablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptxryandux83rd
 
Views in Odoo 17 - Kanban View in odoo 17
Views in Odoo 17 - Kanban View  in odoo 17Views in Odoo 17 - Kanban View  in odoo 17
Views in Odoo 17 - Kanban View in odoo 17Celine George
 
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6
ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6
ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6Vanessa Camilleri
 
The role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenship
The role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenshipThe role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenship
The role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenshipKarl Donert
 
Objectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptx
Objectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptxObjectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptx
Objectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptxMadhavi Dharankar
 
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptxGrade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptxkarenfajardo43
 
4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptx
4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptx4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptx
4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptxmary850239
 
Scientific Writing :Research Discourse
Scientific  Writing :Research  DiscourseScientific  Writing :Research  Discourse
Scientific Writing :Research DiscourseAnita GoswamiGiri
 
STRAND 1 FOUNDATION OF PRETECHNICALSTUDIE.pptx
STRAND 1 FOUNDATION OF PRETECHNICALSTUDIE.pptxSTRAND 1 FOUNDATION OF PRETECHNICALSTUDIE.pptx
STRAND 1 FOUNDATION OF PRETECHNICALSTUDIE.pptxkimdan468
 
LEVERAGING SYNERGISM INDUSTRY-ACADEMIA PARTNERSHIP FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF NAT...
LEVERAGING SYNERGISM INDUSTRY-ACADEMIA PARTNERSHIP FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF  NAT...LEVERAGING SYNERGISM INDUSTRY-ACADEMIA PARTNERSHIP FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF  NAT...
LEVERAGING SYNERGISM INDUSTRY-ACADEMIA PARTNERSHIP FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF NAT...pragatimahajan3
 
How to create _name_search function in odoo 17
How to create _name_search function in odoo 17How to create _name_search function in odoo 17
How to create _name_search function in odoo 17Celine George
 
Transdisciplinary Pathways for Urban Resilience [Work in Progress].pptx
Transdisciplinary Pathways for Urban Resilience [Work in Progress].pptxTransdisciplinary Pathways for Urban Resilience [Work in Progress].pptx
Transdisciplinary Pathways for Urban Resilience [Work in Progress].pptxinfo924062
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Shark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristics
Shark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristicsShark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristics
Shark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristics
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC ...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC ...
 
4.4.24 Economic Precarity and Global Economic Forces.pptx
4.4.24 Economic Precarity and Global Economic Forces.pptx4.4.24 Economic Precarity and Global Economic Forces.pptx
4.4.24 Economic Precarity and Global Economic Forces.pptx
 
Advancing Gender Equality The Crucial Role of Science and Technology 4 April ...
Advancing Gender Equality The Crucial Role of Science and Technology 4 April ...Advancing Gender Equality The Crucial Role of Science and Technology 4 April ...
Advancing Gender Equality The Crucial Role of Science and Technology 4 April ...
 
The Shop Floor Overview in the Odoo 17 ERP
The Shop Floor Overview in the Odoo 17 ERPThe Shop Floor Overview in the Odoo 17 ERP
The Shop Floor Overview in the Odoo 17 ERP
 
Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...
Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...
Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...
 
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptxEmployablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
 
Views in Odoo 17 - Kanban View in odoo 17
Views in Odoo 17 - Kanban View  in odoo 17Views in Odoo 17 - Kanban View  in odoo 17
Views in Odoo 17 - Kanban View in odoo 17
 
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
 
Israel Genealogy Research Assoc. April 2024 Database Release
Israel Genealogy Research Assoc. April 2024 Database ReleaseIsrael Genealogy Research Assoc. April 2024 Database Release
Israel Genealogy Research Assoc. April 2024 Database Release
 
ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6
ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6
ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6
 
The role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenship
The role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenshipThe role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenship
The role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenship
 
Objectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptx
Objectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptxObjectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptx
Objectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptx
 
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptxGrade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
 
4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptx
4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptx4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptx
4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptx
 
Scientific Writing :Research Discourse
Scientific  Writing :Research  DiscourseScientific  Writing :Research  Discourse
Scientific Writing :Research Discourse
 
STRAND 1 FOUNDATION OF PRETECHNICALSTUDIE.pptx
STRAND 1 FOUNDATION OF PRETECHNICALSTUDIE.pptxSTRAND 1 FOUNDATION OF PRETECHNICALSTUDIE.pptx
STRAND 1 FOUNDATION OF PRETECHNICALSTUDIE.pptx
 
LEVERAGING SYNERGISM INDUSTRY-ACADEMIA PARTNERSHIP FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF NAT...
LEVERAGING SYNERGISM INDUSTRY-ACADEMIA PARTNERSHIP FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF  NAT...LEVERAGING SYNERGISM INDUSTRY-ACADEMIA PARTNERSHIP FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF  NAT...
LEVERAGING SYNERGISM INDUSTRY-ACADEMIA PARTNERSHIP FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF NAT...
 
How to create _name_search function in odoo 17
How to create _name_search function in odoo 17How to create _name_search function in odoo 17
How to create _name_search function in odoo 17
 
Transdisciplinary Pathways for Urban Resilience [Work in Progress].pptx
Transdisciplinary Pathways for Urban Resilience [Work in Progress].pptxTransdisciplinary Pathways for Urban Resilience [Work in Progress].pptx
Transdisciplinary Pathways for Urban Resilience [Work in Progress].pptx
 

A Background in Sculpture (1).pdf

  • 1. PURSUING WISDOM AND FACING CHALLENGES IN THE TWENTY- FIRST CENTURY GROUP 1
  • 2. OBJECTIVES TO DISTINGUISH A HOLISTIC PERSPECTIVE FROM A PARTIAL POINT OF VIEW 01 TO RECOGNIZE HUMAN ACTIVITIES THAT EMANATED FROM DELIBERATE REFLECTION 02 TO REALIZE THE VALUE OF DOING PHILOSOPHY IN OBTAINING A BROAD PERSPECTIVE ON LIFE. 03 TO DO A PHILOSOPHICAL REFLECTION ON A CONCRETE SITUATION FROM A HOLISTIC PERSPECTIVE. 04 TO APPRECIATE FILIPINO INDIGENOUS THOUGHTS. 05
  • 3. One of the key elements in many educational reforms is diversity. Diversity is the difference that makes each person unique. ( biology, ethnicity, and culture, family life, beliefs, geography ,experiences, and religion) INTRODUCTION OF PHILOSOPHY
  • 4. THE MEANING OF PHILOSOPHY The word philosophy comes from the greek words, Philo- meaning to LOVE and Sophia- m.eaning WISDOM Philosophy originally meant, love of wisdom, and in a broad sense, wisdom is still the goal of philosophy. Philosophy is also defined as the science that by natural light of reason studies the first causes and highest principle of all things.
  • 5. FOUR THINGS TO CONSIDER A. SCIENCE B. NATURAL LIGHT OF REASON C. STUDY OF ALL THINGS D. FIRST CAUSES OR HIGHEST PRINCIPLE
  • 6. SCIENCE IT IS CALLED SCIENCE BECAUSE THE INVESTIGATION IS SYSTEMATIC, IT FOLLOWS CERTAIN STEPS, OR IT EMPLOYS CERTAIN PROCEDURES.
  • 7. NATURAL LIGHT OF REASON PHILOSOPHY INVESTIGATES THINGS, NOT BY USING ANY OTHER LABORATORY INSTRUMENTS OR INVESTIGATIVE TOOLS. NEITHER ON THE BASIS OF SUPERNATURAL. INSTEAD THE PHILOSOPHER USES HIS NATURAL CAPACITY TO THINK OR SIMPLY HUMAN REASON ALONE CALLED UNAIDED REASON.
  • 8. STUDY OF ALL THINGS A PHILOSOPHER STUDIES HUMAN BEINGS, SOCIETY, RELIGION, LANGUAGE, GOD AND PLANTS. THE REASON IS THE PHILOSOPHY NOT DIMENSIONAL OR PARTIAL. THE PHILOSOPHER THAT NOT LIMIT HIMSELF TO A PARTICULAR OF OBJECT
  • 9. FIRST CAUSES OR HIGHEST PRINCIPLE A. PRINCIPLE OF IDENTITY –WHAT EVER IT IS; AND WHAT EVER IS NOT. EVERYTHING IS WHAT IS. B. PRINCIPLE OF NON- CONTRADICTION- ITIS IMPOSSIBLEFOR A THING TO BE AND NOT TO BE AT THE SAME TIME,AND AT THE SAME RESPECT. C. PRINCIPLE OF EXCLUDED MIDDLE- THE THING IS EITHER IS OR IS NOT. D. PRINCIPLE OF SUFFICIENT REASON- NOTHING EXIST WITHOUT A SUFFICIENT REASON.
  • 10. Early greek philosophers study aspects or natural sciences and human world that later become separate sciences----astronomy, physics, psychology, and sociology. On the other hand, certain basic problems--- the nature of the universe, the standard of justice, the validity of knowledge, the correct application of reason and the criteria of beauty have been the domain of philosophy from its beginning s to the present. Five branches of philosophy---metaphysics,ethics, epistemology,logic and aesthetics. (to be discussed) Special branches of Philosophy---philosophy of science,philosophy of state,philosophy of politics, philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of education, philosophy of law, philosophy of language and others. ·In attaining wisdom, there is a need for emptying. Emptying can be intellectual, spiritual and also physical.
  • 11. 1.1 RECOGNIZE HUMAN ACTIVITES THAT EMANATED FROM DELIBERATE REFLECTION HOLISTICPERSPECTIVE-Oneofthegreatestneedsofanyone seeking“wisdom”isagenuinesympathyandanunderstandingofall themostdiversepointsofview PARTIALPERSPECTIVE–Anarrowprovincialismofmind,limitedto theideasandoutlookofasinglepartyorasingleage.
  • 12. 1.2.1 THE BRANCHES OF PHILOSOPHY METHAPHYSICS ETHICS EPISTEMOLOGY LOGIC
  • 13. METHAPHYSICS -Metaphysics is really only and extension of a fundamental and necessary drive in every human being to know what is real. -the metaphysician’s task is to explain that part of our experience, which we call unreal in terms of what we call real. - for instance, for Thales, a greek philosopher, everything is water. He claims that everything we experience is water--- which we call “reality” -both the idealist and the materialist metaphysical theories are similarly based on unobservable entities: mind and matter - Plato, Socrates` most famous student, (is a good example of a metaphysician who draws the sharpest possible contrast between reality and appearance.) Nothing we experience in the physical world with our five senses is real, according to Plato. (REFLECTIONS,MEDITATIONS AND CONVERSATIONS THAT ROCKED THE WORLD: By What Values Shall I Live In The World? By Plato)
  • 14. ETHICS ·Is the branch of philosophy that explores the nature or moral virtue and evaluates human actions ·Ethics is generally a study of the nature of moral judgements. ·Philosophy insist that obedience to moral law be given a rational foundation (REFLECTIONS, MEDITIATIONS, AND CONVERSATIONS THAT ROCKED THE WORLD: What Constitutes A Human Person? PLATO, SOCRATES, ARISTOTLE) (REFLECTIONS,MEDITIATIONS, AND CONVERSATIONS THAT ROCKED THE WORLD: How Much Freedom Should We Have? Who Should Decide?)
  • 15. ·Specifically, epistemology deals with nature, sources, limitations and validity of knowledge (Soccio 2001 ·Epistemology explains: (1) how we know;what we claim to know (2) how we can find out what we wish to know; and (3) how we can differentiate truth from falsehood. EPISTEMOLOGY
  • 16. 1. On the one hand, he sees,hears, and touches; on the other hand, he organize in his mind what he learns through the senses.Some philosophers think that the particular thing seen, heard and touched are more important . They believe that general ideas are formed from the examination of particular facts. This method is called induction, and philosphers who feel that knowledge is acquired in this way are called empiricists. (e.g,. John Locke). Empiricsm is the view that knowledge can be attained through sense experience. 2. Other philosphers think that it is more important to find a general law according to which particular facts can be understood or judged. This method is called deduction; its advocates are called rationalists (e.g,, Rene Descartes) HOW DO WE ACQUIRE RELIABLE KNOWLEDGE? HUMAN KNOWLEDGE MAY BE REGARDED AS HAVING TWO PARTS?
  • 17. LOGIC ·The term “logic” comes from the greek word logike and was coined by Zeno, the Stoic (c.340-265BC) ·Etymologically, it means a treatise on matters pertaining to the human thought. ·Aristotle was the first philosopher to devise a logical method. ·Logical reasoning makes us certain thatb our conclusions are true, and this provides us with accepted scientific proofs or universally valid proposiitons or statements. ·Since the time of Aristotle the study of lies and fallacies has been considered an integral part of logic. ·Zeno of Citium is one of the successors of Aristotle. He is also the founder of the movement known as stoicism, derived from the greek stoa poikile (painted porch ·Other more influential authors of logic then are Cierco, Porphyry, and Boethius, in the later Roman Empire.; the Byzantine Scholar--- Philoponus and Al-Farabi, Avicenna, and Averroes in the arab world. (REFLECTION, MEDITATIONS, AND CONVERSATIONS THAT ROCKED THE WORLD: Artificial Intelligence)
  • 18. AESTHETICS ·The establishment of criteria of beauty is the function of aesthetics. ·Aesthetic is the science of the beautiful in its various manifestations—including sublime, comic, tragic, pathetic, and ugly.
  • 19. ·It vitalizes our knowledge. ·It helps us more deeply and richly ·It brings us in touch with our culture -Hans-Georg Gadamer, a german philosopher, argues that our taste and judgements regarding beauty, work in connection with ones own personal experience nad culture. That is why a “dialog” or conversation is important in interpreting works or art. ( white 1991) According to Gadamer, interpretative and isofar as all interpretation, involves the exchange between the familiar and thr alien, so all interpretation is also translative. Asbranchofphilosophystudentsshouldconsidertheimportanceof philosophybecauseofthefollowing: