Nakagin Capsule Tower

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Nakagin Capsule Tower

  1. 1. LOCATION:16-10, GINZA 8-CHOME,CHUO-KU, TOKYO, JAPANBUILDING STATISTICS:SITE AREA: 442 M2BUILDING AREA: 430 M2TOTAL FLOOR AREA: 3,091 M2STRUCTURE DETAILS:STRUCTURAL STEEL FRAME PARTLY ENCASED INCONCRETEMAX OF 140 CAPSULE UNITS (PREFABRICATED)11-13 STORIES INCLUDING 1 BASEMENTMATERIAL DETAILS:CAPSULE EXTERIOR: STEEL WITH SPRAYED PAINT FINISHCAPSULE INTERIOR: STEEL CAPSULE WITH CLOTH CEILINGAND FLOOR CARPETTOWERS: CORTEN STRUCTURAL STEEL FRAMELOWER LEVELS: FAIR-FACED REINFORCED CONCRETENAKAGIN CAPSULE TOWER (中銀カプセルタワー) KISHO KUROKAWA KRISHNA JHAWAR,B.ARCH 4TH YEAR,VASTU KALA ACADEMY
  2. 2. THE STRUCTURE :REPUTED TO BE THE WORLD’S FIRSTSTRUCTURE THAT IMPLEMENTED THEINNOVATIVE IDEA OF CAPSULEARCHITECTURE, KISHOKUROKAWA DESIGNED THE NAKAGINCAPSULE TOWER BASED OFF OF HISSUSTAINABILITY CONCEPT CALLED“METABOLISM”.THE NAKAGIN CAPSULE TOWER IS A “MIXED-SYSTEM” STRUCTURE, UTILIZING BOTHTRADITIONAL ARCHITECTURE WITH MODERNTECHNOLOGY WITHIN ONE ENTITY. IT ISMADE OF TWO REINFORCED CONCRETE ANDSTEEL FRAME PILLARS OF ASYMMETRICHEIGHTS, BOTH HOUSING PUBLIC UTILITIESSUCH AS STAIRS, ELEVATORS, PLUMBING,AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMSTHE 14-STORY HIGH TOWER HAS 140CAPSULES STACKED AT ANGLES AROUND THECENTRAL CORE. KUROKAWA DEVELOPED THETECHNOLOGY TO INSTALL THE CAPSULEUNITS INTO THE CONCRETE CORE WITH ONLY4 HIGH-TENSION BOLTS, AS WELL AS MAKINGTHE UNITS DETACHABLE AND REPLACEABLE.
  3. 3. THE CAPSULE :THE STEEL FRAME CAPSULES (WHICH HAVE BEENDESIGNED TO BE REPLACEABLE, REMOVABLE, ANDTRANSPORTABLE) WERE PREFABRICATED IN SPECIALISTFACTORIES AND ASSEMBLED AT A PLANT BEFOREBEING DELIVERED TO THE SITE. EACH ONE WAS LIFTEDBY MECHANICAL CRANES AND WERE ATTACHED TOTHE TOWER SHAFTS USING 4 HIGH-TENSION BOLTSTHE CAPSULE INTERIOR WAS PRE-ASSEMBLED IN AFACTORY THEN HOISTED BY CRANE AND FASTENED TOTHE CONCRETE CORE SHAFT. DETAIL OF SYSTEM OF CAPSULE JOINIG TO SHAFT
  4. 4. INSIDE THE CAPSULE(2.5M X 4.5 X 2.5M) :KUROKAWA’S DESIGN CONCEPT FOCUSES ON HOW TO MAKE THEMOST EFFICIENT USE OF LIVING SPACE TO ACCOMMODATE THEEVERYDAY ESSENTIALS OF A PERSON. HE BORROWED THE“CAPSULE” TERMINOLOGY FROM THE AEROSPACE INDUSTRY(ALREADY AWARE THAT MANY SPACESHIPS HAVE IMPLEMENTEDTHE IDEA OF EFFICIENT AREA-USAGE) AND RETROFITTED ARECTANGULAR CABIN OF 8 FEET BY 12 FEET FLOOR SPACE WITH ABUILT-IN BATHROOM, DOUBLE BED, DESK, STORAGE SPACES, TV,TAPEDECK, TYPEWRITER, CALCULATOR, CLOCK RADIO, AND A 2-BURNER STOVE. IT WAS PLANNED AS A FUTURISTIC NICHE FORMODERN BUSINESSMEN IN TOKYO.
  5. 5. CONCLUSION :RESIDENTS IN JAPAN’SMOST FAMOUSEXPERIMENT IN LIVINGAND WORKING IN TINYPODS ARE NOW PLOTTINGITS DEMOLITION.KUROKAWAS DESIGNTHEORY WAS TO REPLACETHE CAPSULES WHENNEEDED BUT THEBUILDING HAS NOT BEENMAINTAINED IN 33 YEARSWHICH HAS CAUSEDDRAINAGE AND WATERPIPES TO BE DAMAGED.THE INTERNATIONALHERITAGE PROTECTIONGROUP DOCOMOMO,HAVE UNSUCCESSFULLYPLEADED FOR THE UNITEDNATIONS HERITAGE ARMTO PROTECT THISLANDMARK BUILDING.

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