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A Chiral Icosahedral QC and its Mapping to an E8 QC
Fang Fang* and Klee Irwin**
Quantum Gravity Research, Los Angeles, California, USA
*Lead author: Fang@QuantumGravityResearch.org
**Group leader: Klee@QuantumGravityResearch.org
Fibonacci IcosaGrid (FIG) The E8 QCs
Introduction The Fibonacci Icosagrid (FIG) QC is introduced along with an unexpected
mapping to a Golden Ratio based composition of 3D slices of Elser and Sloane’s 4D QC
projected from E8. Because E8 encodes all gauge symmetry transformations between particles
and forces of the standard model of particle physics and gravity, this novel QC may be useful
for a loop quantum gravity type approach to unification physics.
References
1. F. Fang, K. Irwin, J. Kovacs and G. Sadler, arXiv:1304.1771 (2013).
2. V. Elser and N.J.A. Sloane, J. Phys. A, 20, 6161-6168 (1987).
3. M. de Boissieu, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2012, 41, 6778–6786 (2012).
IcosaGrid and FCC The 3D IcosaGrid,
shown in f1, is made of 10 sets of equidistant
planes that are parallel to the facets of the
icosahedron.
FIG QC derived from IcosaGrid The structure in f1
is not a QC due to the arbitrary closeness of its points. By
modifying the spacing between parallel planes in each FCC set to
be the Fibonacci chain (with 1 and Φ elements) – see f3, the
structure becomes a QC (f4). The diffraction pattern is shown in f5.
ESQC The Elser-Sloane QC (ESQC)[2] is
a 4D QC obtained as a projection of the
8D lattice E8. It is a highly symmetric
([3,3,5]) QC made of intersecting full or
partial 600-cells. The projection
mapping matrix is shown on the right:
CQC ESQC has two cross-sections that are 3D QCs with
tetrahedral symmetry. The first (Type I, shown in f8) has larger
tetrahedra. And the second (Type II, shown in f9) has smaller
tetrahedra that are 1/Φ the length of Type . Type I has four
tetrahedra at its center (f10), while Type II has only one at its
center.
Mapping between FIG and CQCs
The FIG QC and CQC are built in completely different ways. Yet, to
our surprise, the FIG QC completely embeds the Type I and Type II
CQCs. And the Type I CQC also completely embeds in Type II. All
tetrahedra shown in f16-18 are members of the FIG QC. The cyan
and red tetrahedra are the CQCs and are subsets of the FIG. The
key to this perfect mapping is the Fibonacci chain modification of
the FCC lattices (f3, f8, f9) and the Golden Ratio Rotation.
20G, 600-cell compound and their Golden Angle
The center of the FIG is also a 20G (f2). Right an left chiralities
share the same point set (f6a-c). The core of the ESQC is a 600-cell.
A 120 cell is a compound of five 600-cells rotated from one another
by the Golden Angle (f7a-c shows a 3D projection of part of the
connection). It has the same chiral properties as the 20G. A deep
relationship exists between these three structures: (1) FIG, (2) CQC,
(3) these 4D Platonic solids, the 600-cell and its five compound.
Converging of the 20Gs with the Golden Rotation
Why use the Golden Angle for composing the CQC? Besides creating
a deep connection between the FIG and ESQC, it converges the 5 or
20 slices of the ESQC into a perfect non-crashing QC. The below
frames show a few steps of this convergence:
Mapping between ESQC, Tsai-type QC and FIG
Projecting the center (600-cell) of the ESQC to 3D (f19) generates
the point set of a Tsai-type QC (f20)[3], except for the difference in
the first layer. However, the full permutation cycle of the center
(tetrahedron) Tsai-type QC might form an icosahedrally symmetric
pattern. We suspect that this permutation set of the Tsai-type QC
relates each tetrahedral position to the others by the Golden Ratio
Rotation in the FIG. Accordingly, the Tsai-type QC could be a
subspace of the FIG QC.
An alternative way of looking at the IcosaGrid is
as five FCC lattices rotated in relation to one
another with a Golden Angle [1] of ,
where Φ is the Golden Ratio. The core is a chiral 20-
tetrahedron cluster (20G) shown in f2.
f1
f2
f4f3 f5
f7a
f6a
f9
f11
f10
f18
f19
f20
f7b f7c
f6b f6c
f12
Five copies of Type I,
rotated from one
another by the Golden
Angle, generate an
icosahedrally
symmetric Compound
QC (CQC) (f11).
And 20 copies of Type II
rotated by the same
angle make a similar
but sparser CQC (f12).
They share the same
core structure as the
FIG, the 20G shown in
f2.
f8
f13 f14 f15
f17f16
FIG FIG + Type I CQC FIG + both CQCs
Cos-1 3f -1
4
æ
è
ç
ö
ø
÷
Cos-1 3f -1
4
æ
è
ç
ö
ø
÷

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A Chiral Icosohedral QC and it's mapping to an E8 QC by Klee Irwin and Fang Fang

  • 1. A Chiral Icosahedral QC and its Mapping to an E8 QC Fang Fang* and Klee Irwin** Quantum Gravity Research, Los Angeles, California, USA *Lead author: Fang@QuantumGravityResearch.org **Group leader: Klee@QuantumGravityResearch.org Fibonacci IcosaGrid (FIG) The E8 QCs Introduction The Fibonacci Icosagrid (FIG) QC is introduced along with an unexpected mapping to a Golden Ratio based composition of 3D slices of Elser and Sloane’s 4D QC projected from E8. Because E8 encodes all gauge symmetry transformations between particles and forces of the standard model of particle physics and gravity, this novel QC may be useful for a loop quantum gravity type approach to unification physics. References 1. F. Fang, K. Irwin, J. Kovacs and G. Sadler, arXiv:1304.1771 (2013). 2. V. Elser and N.J.A. Sloane, J. Phys. A, 20, 6161-6168 (1987). 3. M. de Boissieu, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2012, 41, 6778–6786 (2012). IcosaGrid and FCC The 3D IcosaGrid, shown in f1, is made of 10 sets of equidistant planes that are parallel to the facets of the icosahedron. FIG QC derived from IcosaGrid The structure in f1 is not a QC due to the arbitrary closeness of its points. By modifying the spacing between parallel planes in each FCC set to be the Fibonacci chain (with 1 and Φ elements) – see f3, the structure becomes a QC (f4). The diffraction pattern is shown in f5. ESQC The Elser-Sloane QC (ESQC)[2] is a 4D QC obtained as a projection of the 8D lattice E8. It is a highly symmetric ([3,3,5]) QC made of intersecting full or partial 600-cells. The projection mapping matrix is shown on the right: CQC ESQC has two cross-sections that are 3D QCs with tetrahedral symmetry. The first (Type I, shown in f8) has larger tetrahedra. And the second (Type II, shown in f9) has smaller tetrahedra that are 1/Φ the length of Type . Type I has four tetrahedra at its center (f10), while Type II has only one at its center. Mapping between FIG and CQCs The FIG QC and CQC are built in completely different ways. Yet, to our surprise, the FIG QC completely embeds the Type I and Type II CQCs. And the Type I CQC also completely embeds in Type II. All tetrahedra shown in f16-18 are members of the FIG QC. The cyan and red tetrahedra are the CQCs and are subsets of the FIG. The key to this perfect mapping is the Fibonacci chain modification of the FCC lattices (f3, f8, f9) and the Golden Ratio Rotation. 20G, 600-cell compound and their Golden Angle The center of the FIG is also a 20G (f2). Right an left chiralities share the same point set (f6a-c). The core of the ESQC is a 600-cell. A 120 cell is a compound of five 600-cells rotated from one another by the Golden Angle (f7a-c shows a 3D projection of part of the connection). It has the same chiral properties as the 20G. A deep relationship exists between these three structures: (1) FIG, (2) CQC, (3) these 4D Platonic solids, the 600-cell and its five compound. Converging of the 20Gs with the Golden Rotation Why use the Golden Angle for composing the CQC? Besides creating a deep connection between the FIG and ESQC, it converges the 5 or 20 slices of the ESQC into a perfect non-crashing QC. The below frames show a few steps of this convergence: Mapping between ESQC, Tsai-type QC and FIG Projecting the center (600-cell) of the ESQC to 3D (f19) generates the point set of a Tsai-type QC (f20)[3], except for the difference in the first layer. However, the full permutation cycle of the center (tetrahedron) Tsai-type QC might form an icosahedrally symmetric pattern. We suspect that this permutation set of the Tsai-type QC relates each tetrahedral position to the others by the Golden Ratio Rotation in the FIG. Accordingly, the Tsai-type QC could be a subspace of the FIG QC. An alternative way of looking at the IcosaGrid is as five FCC lattices rotated in relation to one another with a Golden Angle [1] of , where Φ is the Golden Ratio. The core is a chiral 20- tetrahedron cluster (20G) shown in f2. f1 f2 f4f3 f5 f7a f6a f9 f11 f10 f18 f19 f20 f7b f7c f6b f6c f12 Five copies of Type I, rotated from one another by the Golden Angle, generate an icosahedrally symmetric Compound QC (CQC) (f11). And 20 copies of Type II rotated by the same angle make a similar but sparser CQC (f12). They share the same core structure as the FIG, the 20G shown in f2. f8 f13 f14 f15 f17f16 FIG FIG + Type I CQC FIG + both CQCs Cos-1 3f -1 4 æ è ç ö ø ÷ Cos-1 3f -1 4 æ è ç ö ø ÷