Formative and summative assessments


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Formative and Summative Assessments

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Formative and summative assessments

  1. 1. Assessment 21st Century ClassroomsCreated by Kelly HedgesJune 15th, 20131Teach Elements: Assessment 21st Century Classrooms
  2. 2. Formative Assessment Assessment for learning ‘The main purpose for formative assessment is to helpteachers monitor their students’ progress and to modifythe instruction accordingly. It is used to detect if theteaching/learning is working or not.’( Elements: Assessment 21st Century Classrooms
  3. 3. Summative Assessment Assessment of learning ‘The process of evaluating (and grading) the learning ofstudents at a point in time.’( Elements: Assessment 21st Century Classrooms
  4. 4. “If we think of our children as plants. . .summative assessment of the plants is the process ofsimply measuring them. The measurements might beinteresting to compare and analyse, but, in themselves,they do not affect the growth of the plants. Formativeassessment, on the other hand, is the garden equivalent offeeding and watering the plants-directly affecting theirgrowth.” Elements: Assessment 21st Century Classrooms 4
  5. 5. Examples of Assessment:Formative Summative(throughout) (at the end) Rubrics Class discussions Checklists Questionnaires Journals/progress notes Self evaluations Observations Conferences /interviews Peer/self evaluations Rubrics Written tests Creative assignments Presentations Portfolios Written reports Projects/products Practical examinations Peer/Self evaluationTeach Elements: Assessment 21st Century Classrooms 5
  6. 6. Goals of AssessmentFormative Summative To establish the strength and weaknesses oflearners To encourage the active involvement ofstudents in their own learning To provide information and feedback that willhelp improve quality of student learning andquality of the course itself For teachers to identify learning needs andstrengths by modifying their teachingapproachThe goal of formative assessment is to gatherfeedback that can be used by the instructor and thestudents to guide improvements in the ongoingteaching and learning context. These are low stakesassessments for students and instructors.( Provide grades for report cards To meet standards of accountability To measure students growth after instruction To determine if learning goals have been metThe goal of summative assessment is to measurethe level of success or proficiency that has beenobtained at the end of an instructional unit, bycomparing it against some standard or benchmark.( Elements: Assessment 21st Century Classrooms 6
  7. 7. In a balanced assessment system, both summativeand formative assessments are in integral part ofinformation gathering. Depend too much on oneor the other and the reality of student achievementin your classroom becomes unclear.( Elements: Assessment 21st Century Classrooms 7
  8. 8. Sources:Teach Elements: Assessment 21st Century Classrooms 8Analytic Quality Glossarywww.qualityreseachinternational.comAssociation for Middle Level Educationwww.amle.orgCarnegie Mellon –Enhancing Education at Homewww.cmu.eduFormative Assessmentwww.formative-assessment.comLearn NC-K-12 Teaching and