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Katerine De La Cruz
Mind And Body
March 20, 2020
STRESS REACTION
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Historical Perspective
Stress reaction refers to the emotional aftershocks that occur
after the experience of a traumatic event.
Historically, the society largely ignored the import of stress
reactions on the physiological and mental health of patients.
For instance, there were limited programs to help returning
veterans, new mothers, and accident survivors.
The
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Modern Perspective
Extensive and elaborate research on stress reactions has
revolutinalised perspectives on stress reactions.
Health experts argue that traumatic experiences have a long
standing impact on the emotional and psychological welfare of
people (Pakos‐ Zebrucka, 2016).
Consequently, society has taken drastic efforts to help
individuals who have experienced traumatic events and other
stressful events
The
INSPIRATION OF THE RESEARCH
Rationale for the Study
The reason I purposed to focus on stress reaction is because of
personal curiosity and experience.
As a student and young adult, I am intrigued by the relationship
between emotional and physical health.
Research indicates that quality emotional health contributes to
quality physical health and vice versa.
Moreover, I am interested in the topic due to personal reasons
since become extremely stressed when preparing for an
important class presentation.
The
MIND-BODY CONNECTION
Stress connection occurs when a physical event triggers a
subconscious psychological response.
The topic illustrates a strong mind-body connection by outlining
how the body reacts to stress.
Stress reaction is more focused on the mind than the mind
(Stapleton, 2019).
Scientifically, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis regulates
the production and circulation of hormones under stressful
conditions.
MIND-BODY CONNECTION
Stress connection occurs when a physical event triggers a
subconscious psychological response.
The topic illustrates a strong mind-body connection by outlining
how the body reacts to stress.
Stress reaction is more focused on the mind than the mind
(Seaward, 2017).
Scientifically, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis regulates
the production and circulation of hormones under stressful
conditions.
MIND-BODY CONNECTION
Cases of excessive or prolonged stress, or perturbations in the
function or regulation of the HPA axis may result in abnormal
changes in hormones circulating through both the periphery and
the central nervous system.
The HPA axis is the primary circuit that mediates the
physiological response to stress (Stapleton, 2019).
The HPA axis also regulates the level of circulating
glucocorticoid hormones in the central nervous system.
LESSONS AND APPLICATION
During the research, I was surprised to find that feeling anxious
before a big appointment has nothing to do with fear.
Apparently, this is part of the mind-body connection, which is
the result of an elaborate scientific and biological process.
Therefore, individuals can use this information to overcome and
defeat stressful situations.
The understanding can also help individuals to recovery from
traumatic experiences.
References
Pakos‐ Zebrucka, K., Koryga, I., Mnich, K., Ljujic, M., Samali,
A., & Gorman, A. M. (2016). The integrated stress
response. EMBO reports, 17(10), 1374-1395.
Seaward, B. L. (2017). Managing stress. Jones & Bartlett
Learning.
Stapleton, P. (2019). The science behind tapping: A proven
stress management technique for the mind and body. Hay
House, Inc.
TASK 1 : (20 marks)
You have been instructed to provide your client with a
residential property market
analysis before he makes a decision on investment into
residential sector in the UK.
You have to analyse all factors, which may influence the
residential property value
for both occupation and investment purposes.
TASK 2: (40 marks)
Your client is a relatively new property investor and is keen to
invest in the commercial
sector. One retail and one office freehold investment
opportunity has recently come to the
market and, as your client has not purchased a commercial
property before, they have
asked your assistance in the following:
• • Explain to your client how retail and office properties
are valued. Also, analyse the
rental information provided and advise your client on:
o the current Zone A value for the retail unit and
o the market rent that could be achieved for the office block.
• • Supporting your answers with appropriate
justification, advise your client on the
key factors they should consider when determining the quality
of investment offered
by each property.
14 Harrington Street (retail)
The property is situated in a good position on a busy
pedestrianized high street in the
centre of a north-eastern town. It enjoys a frontage of 6.5
metres and a depth of 23.4
metres.
Three years ago the property was let for ten years at a rent of
£112,500 per annum
(p.a.) with a rent review in the fifth year to market rental value.
The current market
rent is estimated at £124,000 p.a. net.
The property is currently let to a regional retailer, who is
looking to expand the
business but there is little opportunity to extend the premises in
this location. A new
shopping centre development is proposed within the town
centre, with the earliest
opening date estimated as March 2021.
Malham House (office)
A four-storey office block situated on the fringe of the central
business district (CBD) of a
major city in the Midlands.
The building was constructed in 2006 and offers a serviced
reception and security facility,
raised floors, air conditioning, lifts to the upper floors and WC
facilities on each level. A
service charge is levied to cover the provision of cleaning,
lighting etc to the communal
facilities. The property has not undergone any refurbishment
since construction. Each floor
has 350m2 of lettable space and the existing tenants are as
follows:
Ground and First Floor: let two years ago to a firm of local
accountants on a ten year FRI
lease at a total rent of £84,000 p.a.
Second and Third Floors: let to a specialist insurance broking
company. They renewed their
lease for further twelve years in 2014 and are currently paying a
total rent of £80,500 p.a.
The most recent letting within the CBD was for a suite of first
floor offices in a building
constructed during 2017.The tenant occupies 500m2 of Grade A
space at a rent of £81,250
p.a.
TASK 3: (40 marks)
Your firm have received instructions in connection with a
modern factory unit situated
in a convenient location close to all major road and rail links
and within easy reach of
ports and airports.
2
The unit is rectangular in shape with a net floor area of 425m .
It was let three years
ago for 15 years at a rental of £22,500 p.a. on the basis that the
landlord retains
responsibility for external repairs. The lease contains a
provision for the rent to be
reviewed to Market Rent every five years and the landlord has
covenanted to replace
the roller shutter doors in four years time at a current cost of
£12,000.
A similar unit nearby having a net floor area of 450m2 recently
let at a net rent of
2
£65 per m . The freehold then sold for £266,000.
A second unit, on an estate about four miles away let two years
ago on internal
2 repairing terms at a rent of £23,500 per annum. The unit
extends to 375m , was
constructed in 1995 and the lease was for five years only.
TASK: 1. Analyse the transactions involving the comparable
properties.
2. Use the information to value the freehold and leasehold
interests in the unit
forming the subject of your instructions.
Sleep Paralysis
( Sleep Atonia)
Bianca Diopa
Mind and Body 1201
Professor Hearn
3/13/20
What is Sleep Paralysis/Sleep Atonia ?
Sleep Atonia (sleep paralysis) is the feeling being conscious but
not able to move. During sleep paralysis your body is asleep,
but your mind is still active.
For years doctors have wondered, what exactly causes sleep
paralysis and why do so many experience this? and till this day
it is still unclear. During the state of sleep paralysis many
report similar experiences such as being able to see yourself
asleep and the room around you but not being able to move their
body. Some even report seeing figures around their body and
struggling to breathe.
History
Starting from 2000 BC ancient Mesopotamia all the way up to
the Roman empire many believed that a demon was causing
sleep paralysis. A demon known as the incubus was believed to
sit on your chest as slept preventing you from moving away. He
would taunt people with terrible nightmares.
Though science may not have any clear answers the medical
community now believes that sleep paralysis is caused by some
physical condition for example extreme stress, sleeping
positions, lack of sleep, or sleeping disorders. However, some
still believe that a demon or some force beyond our
comprehension haunts at night.
Those who believe in the spiritual believe that older souls or
those who have more control of their third eye or crown charka
can see high dimensional begins in this state. It’s believed that
when experiencing this your soul leaving your body and
entering new dimensions. However, neither of these can be
confirmed and no one’s still knows why exactly we experience
sleep paralysis
Inspiration
What inspired me to choose this topic was a mix of curiosity
and personal experience. Though its been a while, I used
experience sleep paralysis. I have only experienced i t at least
four times but I can say that it is a scary experience. I remember
seeing myself lying in bed and feeling like someone was
choking me. When I woke, I just sat there wondering, what just
happened. Ever since then I’ve been curious on topic and
believe that the research Ill be doing for this project can help
answer my questions.
Mind and Body Connection
During sleep paralysis your mind is conscious, but your body is
unable to move. Many experience hallucinations and some may
start hearing things that aren’t really there. I believe that sleep
paralysis has a strong connection with the mind. During sleep
paralysis something called rapid eye movement (REM) occurs.
While REM is active a part of our brain called the dorsolateral
prefrontal cortex, which controls our ability to plan and think
logically, turns off. Therefore, it is common for people to start
hallucinating.
What I learned
From completing this project I’ve learned a few new things
about sleep paralysis. I’ve learned more about how sleep
paralysis affects the brain and how common it actually is. Four
out of every ten people have experienced sleep paralysis.
However, if experiencing it too often this can be signs of
serious issue one should see their doctor for. I also didn’t know
that those who experience sleep paralysis can be experiencing
thigs like lack of sleep or extreme stress.
Citations
Jaffray, Sarah. “The Cures and Demons of Sleep Paralysis.”
Wellcome Collection, 2017,
wellcomecollection.org/articles/W9beDBIAAHu08EVG.
Kathleen Davis, FNP. “Sleep Paralysis: Causes, Symptoms, and
Tips.” Medical News Today, MediLexicon International, 24
May 2017, www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/295039.
Hernandez, Dominic. “Sleep Paralysis: Fully Awake and Unable
to Move.” Vital Record, 4 Oct. 2018,
vitalrecord.tamhsc.edu/sleep-paralysis/.
Depression
By Walter Heras
Intro to depression
What is depression?
Well depression is a type of illness that is common serious, it
affects how you feel, act and the way you think.
Going through depression can be tough and here are some of the
symptoms for it
Feeling sad
Feeling depressed
Loss of interested on things you once loved doing(sports,
hobbys)
Loss of weight or Vic versa
Sleeping too much or too little
Feeling worthless
Suicidal thoughts
Cause and effect of depression
Causes:
It can be genetic ( meaning that someone has gone through
depression)
Personal trauma(like going through a heart break or losing some
very important In your life)
Stress ( school, work and more)
Social isolation ( not want to talk to friends or your own family
no communication with the world)
Medications (that have side affects)
Having a chronic disease that can't be cured
Effects:
Loss of appetite
The mind ( makes you think negatively)
The body ( can either become fat or super skinny also can have
muscle aches back pain or headaches)
Short time memory
Can cause suicide
My relationship with depression
My story
I went through depression at a very young I think 16-year-old
and I'm 26 now so its 10 years since I had depression. It was
very hard I was sad I also use to drink four lokos back then
when it had all this bad ingredients that weren’t good for you.
Because of it I end in the hospital couple of times because I was
having hard time breathing which I didn’t know till later own
that I was have anxiety and panic attacks and on top of that I
was depressed. I had these symptoms
Sadness
Anger
Loss of appetite
Slept all the time
Didn’t talk to anyone
And had suicidal though
The reason I felt this was because I wasn’t doing the best in
high school, I felt like I couldn’t amount to anything as much as
I tried. The way I came out of it was when I men up and told the
doctor to refer me to get help and I did it without any
medication just will power and the support of my family. From
this experience I learn everyday to be better and I'm always
willing to help anyone going through something like that
because not only have I gone through it but I see things in a
very different way then most people probably do
Statistics of depression
17.3 million adults have witness some from of depression in
the u.s (trauma, genetics, stress or medications.)
3.2 million adolescences ( anxiety) ages 12 to 17
For everyone is from 15 to 44 that gone through depression
Globally about 264 million had gone through some from of
depression
How to deal with depression
How I got over depression was going to counseling and having
moral support and the will to want to be better
Antidepressants which are good and bad cause of the side
affects side affects are dizziness, fatigue, vison problems, dry
mouth and constipation.
You can become addicted to it and maybe overdose
Talk to someone your comfortable with
Ask them to check with you to see how your doing
Join something like a sport
Try sleeping regular like 8 hours
Practice relaxations techniques like I did when my counselor
show them to me
Go for walks and enjoy nature
List things about yourself that you like
Watch something funny tv show or movie
Take good baths
Listen to your favorite music
etc.
references
(n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-
families/depression/what-is-depression
Depression Symptoms, Causes and Effects. (n.d.). Retrieved
from https://www.psychguides.com/depression/
HelpGuide.org. 2020. Coping With Depression. [online]
Available at:
<https://www.helpguide.org/articles/depression/coping-with-
depression.htm> [Accessed 13 March 2020].
DoSomething.org. 2020. 11 Facts About Depression. [online]
Available at: <https://www.dosomething.org/us/facts/11-facts-
about-depression> [Accessed 13 March 2020].
Katerine De La CruzMind And BodyMarch 20, 2020STRESS REA

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Katerine De La CruzMind And BodyMarch 20, 2020STRESS REA

  • 1. Katerine De La Cruz Mind And Body March 20, 2020 STRESS REACTION BACKGROUND INFORMATION Historical Perspective Stress reaction refers to the emotional aftershocks that occur after the experience of a traumatic event. Historically, the society largely ignored the import of stress reactions on the physiological and mental health of patients. For instance, there were limited programs to help returning veterans, new mothers, and accident survivors.
  • 2. The BACKGROUND INFORMATION Modern Perspective Extensive and elaborate research on stress reactions has revolutinalised perspectives on stress reactions. Health experts argue that traumatic experiences have a long standing impact on the emotional and psychological welfare of people (Pakos‐ Zebrucka, 2016). Consequently, society has taken drastic efforts to help individuals who have experienced traumatic events and other stressful events The INSPIRATION OF THE RESEARCH Rationale for the Study
  • 3. The reason I purposed to focus on stress reaction is because of personal curiosity and experience. As a student and young adult, I am intrigued by the relationship between emotional and physical health. Research indicates that quality emotional health contributes to quality physical health and vice versa. Moreover, I am interested in the topic due to personal reasons since become extremely stressed when preparing for an important class presentation. The MIND-BODY CONNECTION Stress connection occurs when a physical event triggers a subconscious psychological response. The topic illustrates a strong mind-body connection by outlining how the body reacts to stress. Stress reaction is more focused on the mind than the mind (Stapleton, 2019). Scientifically, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis regulates the production and circulation of hormones under stressful conditions.
  • 4. MIND-BODY CONNECTION Stress connection occurs when a physical event triggers a subconscious psychological response. The topic illustrates a strong mind-body connection by outlining how the body reacts to stress. Stress reaction is more focused on the mind than the mind (Seaward, 2017). Scientifically, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis regulates the production and circulation of hormones under stressful conditions. MIND-BODY CONNECTION
  • 5. Cases of excessive or prolonged stress, or perturbations in the function or regulation of the HPA axis may result in abnormal changes in hormones circulating through both the periphery and the central nervous system. The HPA axis is the primary circuit that mediates the physiological response to stress (Stapleton, 2019). The HPA axis also regulates the level of circulating glucocorticoid hormones in the central nervous system. LESSONS AND APPLICATION During the research, I was surprised to find that feeling anxious before a big appointment has nothing to do with fear. Apparently, this is part of the mind-body connection, which is the result of an elaborate scientific and biological process. Therefore, individuals can use this information to overcome and defeat stressful situations. The understanding can also help individuals to recovery from traumatic experiences.
  • 6. References Pakos‐ Zebrucka, K., Koryga, I., Mnich, K., Ljujic, M., Samali, A., & Gorman, A. M. (2016). The integrated stress response. EMBO reports, 17(10), 1374-1395. Seaward, B. L. (2017). Managing stress. Jones & Bartlett Learning. Stapleton, P. (2019). The science behind tapping: A proven stress management technique for the mind and body. Hay House, Inc. TASK 1 : (20 marks) You have been instructed to provide your client with a residential property market analysis before he makes a decision on investment into
  • 7. residential sector in the UK. You have to analyse all factors, which may influence the residential property value for both occupation and investment purposes. TASK 2: (40 marks) Your client is a relatively new property investor and is keen to invest in the commercial sector. One retail and one office freehold investment opportunity has recently come to the market and, as your client has not purchased a commercial property before, they have asked your assistance in the following: • • Explain to your client how retail and office properties are valued. Also, analyse the rental information provided and advise your client on: o the current Zone A value for the retail unit and o the market rent that could be achieved for the office block. • • Supporting your answers with appropriate justification, advise your client on the key factors they should consider when determining the quality of investment offered by each property. 14 Harrington Street (retail) The property is situated in a good position on a busy pedestrianized high street in the centre of a north-eastern town. It enjoys a frontage of 6.5 metres and a depth of 23.4 metres.
  • 8. Three years ago the property was let for ten years at a rent of £112,500 per annum (p.a.) with a rent review in the fifth year to market rental value. The current market rent is estimated at £124,000 p.a. net. The property is currently let to a regional retailer, who is looking to expand the business but there is little opportunity to extend the premises in this location. A new shopping centre development is proposed within the town centre, with the earliest opening date estimated as March 2021. Malham House (office) A four-storey office block situated on the fringe of the central business district (CBD) of a major city in the Midlands. The building was constructed in 2006 and offers a serviced reception and security facility, raised floors, air conditioning, lifts to the upper floors and WC facilities on each level. A service charge is levied to cover the provision of cleaning, lighting etc to the communal facilities. The property has not undergone any refurbishment since construction. Each floor has 350m2 of lettable space and the existing tenants are as follows: Ground and First Floor: let two years ago to a firm of local accountants on a ten year FRI
  • 9. lease at a total rent of £84,000 p.a. Second and Third Floors: let to a specialist insurance broking company. They renewed their lease for further twelve years in 2014 and are currently paying a total rent of £80,500 p.a. The most recent letting within the CBD was for a suite of first floor offices in a building constructed during 2017.The tenant occupies 500m2 of Grade A space at a rent of £81,250 p.a. TASK 3: (40 marks) Your firm have received instructions in connection with a modern factory unit situated in a convenient location close to all major road and rail links and within easy reach of ports and airports. 2 The unit is rectangular in shape with a net floor area of 425m . It was let three years ago for 15 years at a rental of £22,500 p.a. on the basis that the landlord retains responsibility for external repairs. The lease contains a provision for the rent to be reviewed to Market Rent every five years and the landlord has covenanted to replace the roller shutter doors in four years time at a current cost of £12,000. A similar unit nearby having a net floor area of 450m2 recently let at a net rent of
  • 10. 2 £65 per m . The freehold then sold for £266,000. A second unit, on an estate about four miles away let two years ago on internal 2 repairing terms at a rent of £23,500 per annum. The unit extends to 375m , was constructed in 1995 and the lease was for five years only. TASK: 1. Analyse the transactions involving the comparable properties. 2. Use the information to value the freehold and leasehold interests in the unit forming the subject of your instructions. Sleep Paralysis ( Sleep Atonia) Bianca Diopa Mind and Body 1201 Professor Hearn 3/13/20 What is Sleep Paralysis/Sleep Atonia ? Sleep Atonia (sleep paralysis) is the feeling being conscious but not able to move. During sleep paralysis your body is asleep, but your mind is still active.
  • 11. For years doctors have wondered, what exactly causes sleep paralysis and why do so many experience this? and till this day it is still unclear. During the state of sleep paralysis many report similar experiences such as being able to see yourself asleep and the room around you but not being able to move their body. Some even report seeing figures around their body and struggling to breathe. History Starting from 2000 BC ancient Mesopotamia all the way up to the Roman empire many believed that a demon was causing sleep paralysis. A demon known as the incubus was believed to sit on your chest as slept preventing you from moving away. He would taunt people with terrible nightmares. Though science may not have any clear answers the medical community now believes that sleep paralysis is caused by some physical condition for example extreme stress, sleeping positions, lack of sleep, or sleeping disorders. However, some still believe that a demon or some force beyond our comprehension haunts at night. Those who believe in the spiritual believe that older souls or those who have more control of their third eye or crown charka can see high dimensional begins in this state. It’s believed that when experiencing this your soul leaving your body and entering new dimensions. However, neither of these can be confirmed and no one’s still knows why exactly we experience sleep paralysis
  • 12. Inspiration What inspired me to choose this topic was a mix of curiosity and personal experience. Though its been a while, I used experience sleep paralysis. I have only experienced i t at least four times but I can say that it is a scary experience. I remember seeing myself lying in bed and feeling like someone was choking me. When I woke, I just sat there wondering, what just happened. Ever since then I’ve been curious on topic and believe that the research Ill be doing for this project can help answer my questions. Mind and Body Connection During sleep paralysis your mind is conscious, but your body is unable to move. Many experience hallucinations and some may start hearing things that aren’t really there. I believe that sleep paralysis has a strong connection with the mind. During sleep paralysis something called rapid eye movement (REM) occurs. While REM is active a part of our brain called the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, which controls our ability to plan and think logically, turns off. Therefore, it is common for people to start hallucinating. What I learned From completing this project I’ve learned a few new things about sleep paralysis. I’ve learned more about how sleep paralysis affects the brain and how common it actually is. Four out of every ten people have experienced sleep paralysis. However, if experiencing it too often this can be signs of serious issue one should see their doctor for. I also didn’t know
  • 13. that those who experience sleep paralysis can be experiencing thigs like lack of sleep or extreme stress. Citations Jaffray, Sarah. “The Cures and Demons of Sleep Paralysis.” Wellcome Collection, 2017, wellcomecollection.org/articles/W9beDBIAAHu08EVG. Kathleen Davis, FNP. “Sleep Paralysis: Causes, Symptoms, and Tips.” Medical News Today, MediLexicon International, 24 May 2017, www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/295039. Hernandez, Dominic. “Sleep Paralysis: Fully Awake and Unable to Move.” Vital Record, 4 Oct. 2018, vitalrecord.tamhsc.edu/sleep-paralysis/. Depression By Walter Heras Intro to depression What is depression? Well depression is a type of illness that is common serious, it affects how you feel, act and the way you think. Going through depression can be tough and here are some of the symptoms for it Feeling sad Feeling depressed Loss of interested on things you once loved doing(sports, hobbys)
  • 14. Loss of weight or Vic versa Sleeping too much or too little Feeling worthless Suicidal thoughts Cause and effect of depression Causes: It can be genetic ( meaning that someone has gone through depression) Personal trauma(like going through a heart break or losing some very important In your life) Stress ( school, work and more) Social isolation ( not want to talk to friends or your own family no communication with the world) Medications (that have side affects) Having a chronic disease that can't be cured Effects: Loss of appetite The mind ( makes you think negatively) The body ( can either become fat or super skinny also can have muscle aches back pain or headaches) Short time memory Can cause suicide My relationship with depression My story I went through depression at a very young I think 16-year-old and I'm 26 now so its 10 years since I had depression. It was very hard I was sad I also use to drink four lokos back then when it had all this bad ingredients that weren’t good for you. Because of it I end in the hospital couple of times because I was having hard time breathing which I didn’t know till later own that I was have anxiety and panic attacks and on top of that I
  • 15. was depressed. I had these symptoms Sadness Anger Loss of appetite Slept all the time Didn’t talk to anyone And had suicidal though The reason I felt this was because I wasn’t doing the best in high school, I felt like I couldn’t amount to anything as much as I tried. The way I came out of it was when I men up and told the doctor to refer me to get help and I did it without any medication just will power and the support of my family. From this experience I learn everyday to be better and I'm always willing to help anyone going through something like that because not only have I gone through it but I see things in a very different way then most people probably do Statistics of depression 17.3 million adults have witness some from of depression in the u.s (trauma, genetics, stress or medications.) 3.2 million adolescences ( anxiety) ages 12 to 17 For everyone is from 15 to 44 that gone through depression Globally about 264 million had gone through some from of depression How to deal with depression How I got over depression was going to counseling and having moral support and the will to want to be better Antidepressants which are good and bad cause of the side affects side affects are dizziness, fatigue, vison problems, dry mouth and constipation. You can become addicted to it and maybe overdose
  • 16. Talk to someone your comfortable with Ask them to check with you to see how your doing Join something like a sport Try sleeping regular like 8 hours Practice relaxations techniques like I did when my counselor show them to me Go for walks and enjoy nature List things about yourself that you like Watch something funny tv show or movie Take good baths Listen to your favorite music etc. references (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.psychiatry.org/patients- families/depression/what-is-depression Depression Symptoms, Causes and Effects. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.psychguides.com/depression/ HelpGuide.org. 2020. Coping With Depression. [online] Available at: <https://www.helpguide.org/articles/depression/coping-with- depression.htm> [Accessed 13 March 2020]. DoSomething.org. 2020. 11 Facts About Depression. [online] Available at: <https://www.dosomething.org/us/facts/11-facts- about-depression> [Accessed 13 March 2020].