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Effective oral presentations


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Joe McVeigh shares ideas for teachers to help students give more effective oral presentations. Handout av

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Effective oral presentations

  1. 1. Effective OralPresentationsJoe McVeighHigher College of TechnologyMuscat, Sultanate of Oman5 March 2012
  2. 2. Characteristicsof goodspeakers
  3. 3. What do theywant to do thatthey can’t do?
  4. 4. • Delivery – language and • Nonverbal verbal issues including communication pronunciation• Visuals – PowerPoint, • Preparation, content, etc. structure clarity
  5. 5. What do youneed to know tohelp them?
  6. 6. Controlled to less controlled activities
  7. 7. Barriers and obstacles
  8. 8. Preparation
  9. 9. Writing things down
  10. 10. Structure andContent
  11. 11. Structure – directionand narrowing thetopic
  12. 12. Instead of imposing a limited choice and formal preppreparation time on the learner, another way of elicitinga short presentation is to try consciously to identifyprevious topics in earlier stages of the test. For example,the oral test can begin with a question and answerroutine which deliberately asks about hobbies,professional interests, past experiences of differentcultures, jobs, etc. Some examples of such probingquestions are:what do you do in your spare time?What kind of books you like reading?What did you do on your last vacation?Do you enjoy traveling? Where to? Why?If you could live anywhere in the world, where would youchoose?
  13. 13. Too much going on
  14. 14. Variety
  15. 15. Nonverbalcommunication
  16. 16. Gestures
  17. 17. Enthusiasm
  18. 18. Reduce barriers between speaker and audience
  19. 19. Delivery
  20. 20. Don’t read !
  21. 21. Word Stress
  22. 22. Sentence stressand reduced forms
  23. 23. Basic intonation patterns
  24. 24. Delivery
  25. 25. Timing
  26. 26. Speed of delivery
  27. 27. Risk-taking
  28. 28. What arethe rest ofthestudentsdoing?
  29. 29. Don’t be boring !
  30. 30. Excellent Good Needs ImprovementCommentsClear Thesis/PurposeOrganizationdensity of information.Relevance to audience.Use of relevant examples, details.Use of transitions.Coherence and clarity.
  31. 31. Voice volume speed of delivery. Tone/level. Accent/pronunciation
  32. 32. Gestures/Body Language Hand Gestures Body Position Posture Use of Stage Space Handling of Visuals, Objects, etc
  33. 33. Student feedbackQuickly answer the following questions about the presentation after thepresenter hasfinished. Circle the number you think best applies to thespeaker. Number five is the highest score. Number one is the lowest. Writeany comments on the lines below.Did the speaker deliver the presentation clearly and confidently?5 4 3 2 1_____________________________________________________did the speaker seemed well prepared?Did the speaker move smoothly from idea to idea?Did the speaker use adequate examples and explanations?Speaker use movement and gestures appropriately?Did the speaker make eye contact with the listeners?Did the speaker make good use of supplemental materials?
  34. 34. Making a mini-presentation with limited preparation time.Learners can be given a short list of topics. 10 to 15 min. beforethe oral test, and invited to choose one on which to speak for 2min. During the test. The subjects will obviously be general, butshould be phrased so as to encourage the learner to express hisown opinions on specific aspects of the topic. Thus:"do you agree with lower speed limits and the compulsory use ofseat belts? Why?"Is a better topic then:"what should be done to improve road safety?"And:"what do you personally think are the best ways to improvecontacts between people in different countries?"Is better then:"how can international understanding be improved?"
  35. 35. Intangibles
  36. 36. Questions
  37. 37. Useful resources
  38. 38. Photo Credits Some photos from flickr used under a Creative Commons license• Biking daredevil Martin Terber• Boy with glowing light “The hills are alive” Small and large buildings Ibrahim Iugaz• Blurred baby on swing Bart Everson• Roller coaster Justin Holzworth• Control key Faramarz Hashemi• Baby birds Robert S Donovan• Question mark Ethan Lofton• Colored thank you “vistamommy”
  39. 39. You’ll be able to download the handout and other resources at