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Sentence types

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For an advanced-beginner level ESL class.

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Sentence types

  1. 1. Three Sentence Types Level 1 Composition Fall 2013 Jessica Montgomerie
  2. 2. 1. Simple Sentence A simple sentence – or independent clause— contains at least one subject and one verb. Copy these examples:  She is a teacher.  After lunch, she plans her lessons for the next day. Find the subject and the verb.
  3. 3. 1. Simple Sentence A simple sentence – or independent clause— contains at least one subject and one verb. • She is a teacher. • After lunch, she plans her lessons for the next day.
  4. 4. Compound subjects, verbs, or objects: Copy these examples: • My husband and I drink coffee in the afternoon. • My husband and I drink coffee and eat dates in the afternoon. • Do you prefer coffee or tea?
  5. 5. Compound subjects, verbs, or objects: • My husband and I drink coffee in the afternoon. • My husband and I drink coffee and eat dates in the afternoon. • Do you prefer coffee or tea?
  6. 6. 2. Compound Sentence A compound sentence is two simple sentences (independent clauses) combined with a conjunction. Which words are conjunctions?
  7. 7. 3. Complex Sentence A complex sentence contains two clauses: the main, independent clause and a weaker, dependent clause.
  8. 8. Independent Clause • This is the main part of the sentence. • It can stand by itself– it is a complete idea.
  9. 9. Dependent Clause • Begins with a subordinator (because, when, before, after) • Gives me more information about the main clause • Tells me the time or reason
  10. 10. Complex Sentences Copy these examples:  When I wake up, I eat breakfast first.  Then I like to sit and drink coffee while I check Facebook. Underline the dependent clause.
  11. 11. Complex Sentences Underline the dependent clause. • When I wake up, I eat breakfast first. • Then I like to sit and drink coffee while I check Facebook.
  12. 12. Complex Sentences Copy these examples: After I finish my coffee, I take a shower and get dressed.  I usually hurry to get ready because I waste too much time on the internet. Underline the dependent clause.
  13. 13. Complex Sentences Underline the dependent clause. • After I finish my coffee, I take a shower and get dressed. • I usually hurry to get ready because I waste too much time on the internet.
  14. 14. Practice 1. Complete the sentences with because: – You need to buy a warm coat… – She can’t buy a car… – I came to the U.S. to study… 2. Write your own sentences using because.

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