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Reproductive education short version


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Male and Female Anatomy
Birth Control Methods
Sexually Transmitted Infections

Published in: Education, Health & Medicine
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Reproductive education short version

  1. 1. M E L A N I E R O G E R S , R N , B S N P U B L I C H E A L T H N U R S E J E F F E R S O N C O U N T Y P U B L I C H E A L T H Reproductive Education
  2. 2. Introduction - Jefferson County Public Health - Who am I: - Questions: feel free to write any question you have on a slip of paper and put it in the basket to be answered at the end, or just ask. - This presentation is for educational purposes only. The slides may not be reproduced or shared without permission from JCPH.
  3. 3. Today we will talk about:  Male and Female Anatomy  Abstinence  Birth Control Methods  Sexually Transmitted Infections
  4. 4. Female Anatomy
  5. 5. Female Anatomy
  6. 6. Male Anatomy
  7. 7. Male Anatomy
  8. 8. Abstinence  Abstinence: making the decision not to have sex  Abstinence doesn’t cost anything, it is free!  Abstinence is the only 100% effective method of preventing pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections
  9. 9. Abstinence  Things to do instead of having sex:  Hold hands  Watch a movie together  Play a game  Go hiking  Have a conversation
  10. 10. Hormone = a chemical messenger in the body
  11. 11. Barrier Methods of Birth Control  Barrier: it means “gets in the way”  Examples:  Condom  Diaphragm  Cervical cap  Spermicide (a gel that kills sperm)
  12. 12. Non-hormonal Birth Control  Non-hormonal: it means does not use hormones  Examples:  All the barrier methods  Fertility awareness: a woman keeps track of her periods, body temperature, and does not have sex on days when she is likely to get pregnant  Non-hormonal IUD
  13. 13. Hormonal Birth Control  Hormonal: it means uses hormones to change the way a woman’s body ovulates to prevent pregnancy  Examples:  Pills - Shot  Nuva Ring - Patch  Implanon  IUD
  14. 14. Emergency Contraception  The morning after pill, also known as Plan B  A female can take emergency contraception up to 5 days after unprotected sex to help prevent pregnancy  It works by telling the body to release an egg later instead of right now.  It is more effective the sooner it is taken.  It does not do anything if you are already pregnant.  Available over the counter for all ages at pharmacies  Also available at JCPH clinics!
  15. 15. Sexually Transmitted Infections • Sexually Transmitted Infection, or STI: a disease that is spread from sexual contact • Some can be cured with medicine, but not all • They can be caused by – Bacteria – Viruses – Protazoa
  16. 16. STIs Caused by Bacteria  Chlamydia  Gonorrhea  Syphilis
  17. 17. STIs Caused by Viruses  Herpes  Hepatitis B and C  HPV/Genital Warts  HIV/AIDS
  18. 18. STIs Caused by Protazoa  Trichomoniasis
  19. 19. STIs and Teens  Oral and anal sex still present a risk for STIs  You cannot tell if someone has an STI just by looking or asking – the only way to know is to get tested.  1 in 4 American teens (3 million!) get infected with an STI every year
  20. 20. To Protect Yourself Against STIs • The best way to protect yourself against STIs is to not have sex. • Have sex with only one person who is only having sex with you (monogamy) • Before having sex with a new partner, both of you should get tested for STIs by your doctor and treated if you are infected • Look closely at your partner and do not have sex if there is anything that worries you (rash, sores) • Use condoms 100% of the time • Some STIs can be prevented with vaccines, such as Hepatitis B and HPV.
  21. 21. Resources  Your parents/guardians or other trusted adult  Your healthcare provider  Jefferson County Public Health 303-232-6301  Planned Parenthood  BC4U Clinics  Other family planning clinics  Your school nurse
  22. 22. Clinic Services  Pregnancy Testing  Free Condoms  Birth Control  STI Testing and Treatment  Morning After Pill  Abstinence Education  Clinics in Lakewood and Arvada, call 303-232-6301  Some walk in hours available