Grade 8 Health: Dealing With the Consequences of Sexual Activity


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Grade 8 Health: Dealing With the Consequences of Sexual Activity

  1. 1. Dealing with the Consequences of Sexual Activity
  2. 2. Myth: There are no risks associated with sex
  3. 3. Fact: there are consequences to becoming sexually active
  4. 4. • STIs • AIDS • Chlamydia • Gonorrhea • Pregnancy • Raised expectations from partner • Rumours/negative impact on reputation • Decreased self-esteem
  5. 5. Sexually Transmitted Infections
  7. 7. STIs • Infections that are passed from one person to another during sexual activity • How you get them: having unprotected vaginal sex, anal sex or oral sex • How you can avoid them: being abstinent or using a condom • Most common types of STIs: herpes, chlamydia, gonorrhea, HPV, syphilis
  9. 9. The 3 types of STIs • Viral • HPV, herpes, hepatitis C, HIV/AIDS • Bacterial • Chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis • Parasitic • Trichomoniasis, pubic lice, scabies
  10. 10. VIRAL STIS
  11. 11. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) • The human papilloma virus, or HPV, is the most common viral infection. • There are over 30 types of HPV that are sexually transmitted through oral, anal or vaginal sex. • Vaccinations to reduce the chances of HPV are available to young women.
  12. 12. Genital Herpes • Genital Herpes is caused by the Herpes Simplex Virus. • It is in the same family of viruses that cause cold sores around the mouth. (Imagine having a cold sore anywhere besides your mouth… ouch!) • The virus is transmitted by sexual activities or skin-to-skin contact.
  13. 13. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) • Human Immunodeficiency virus or HIV/Aids attacks the body’s immune system, leaving infected individuals unable to fight off other illness. • It is transmitted through sexual activities, but also spread by sharing items like razors, needles and toothbrushes – any activity where one is in contact with another person’s blood. • It is not spread by hugging, shaking hands and other casual contact.
  14. 14. AIDS • A virus that may have evolved from one that existed amongst chimpanzees • It makes sense if you study evolution that this virus evolved into one that infects humansz
  15. 15. Rent • A music written in the 1990s by now-deceased playwright and composer Jonathan Larson • Loosely based on the opera La Boheme • Characters and plotline are based on the stories of close friends of Larson’s who were all sick with or dying from AIDS • Larson wanted to raise awareness of AIDS and prevent the future generation from getting it
  16. 16. Characters in Rent video • Mimi – dancer – HIV positive because of her own heroin use • Roger – musician – HIV positive because he contracted it from an ex-girlfriend who used heroin • Angel – drag queen – HIV positive for reasons unknown • Collins – University professor and Angel’s boyfriend
  17. 17. AIDS Awareness -- Rent • AIDS/HIV transmission: • • The end of AIDS: (0:57 – 1:15)
  18. 18. • What, in these scenes from Rent, connects to things we have talked about this year in Health? • What kind of choices was Mimi making?
  19. 19. Did you know that there is no cure for AIDS and that it is a terminal illness?
  21. 21. Chlamydia • Chlamydia is one of the most common STIs especially among people ages 15 to 24. • Symptoms are mild or absent and can include abnormal discharge from the vagina or penis, burning when peeing and pain in the lower back, nausea, pain during intercourse and bleeding between periods. • If left untreated it can cause infertility in both women and men.
  22. 22. Gonorrhea • Gonorrhea is an infection that often is transmitted at the same time as Chlamydia and shares the same symptoms. • It is found most commonly in people aged 15 to 29. • If left untreated it can cause infertility in both women and men.
  23. 23. Syphilis • Syphilis is called the great imitator because it shows signs that other diseases show. • There are three stages of Syphillis. • Stage 1 starts with a small painless sore where the bacteria entered the body. • In stage two, a person may develop a general feeling of being unwell or flat smooth warts in the genital area. • In stage three, syphilis that has been left untreated can cause heart problems, mental issues, and even death.
  25. 25. Trichomoniasis • This single-celled organism can infect the urethra, bladder, vagina, cervix or get under the foreskin. • You can start having symptoms just a few days after having sex • Symptoms: liquidy, foul-smelling vaginal discharge, itchiness around the vagina or penis, soreness of the inner thighs, pain during urination. • It can be transmitted through sexual activity and by sharing sex toys.
  26. 26. Pubic Lice (Crabs) • Pubic lice are also called crabs, because that’s what they look like under a microscope. • Public Lice live in pubic hairs around the genitals. • They lay eggs at the base of the hair. • Symptoms: itchiness, pain, redness and general discomfort in the genital area.
  27. 27. Scabies (Mites) • These mites are transmitted during sexual activity, prolonged physical contact or sharing of towels and bedsheets with someone who already has scabies. • They burrow under the skin and lay eggs. • Symptoms are similar to the symptoms of pubic lice (crabs) small, itchy bumps and blisters, and wavy red lines where the mites have burrowed.
  28. 28. How do I prevent STIs?
  29. 29. Preventing STIs • The best way to avoid getting an STI is to be abstinent (to not have sex) • Knowing your partner’s sexual history  if they have had sex with someone with an STI, you will get that STI from them if you have sex with them • Using a condom. Many STIs are transmitted through the emission of fluid from the vagina or penis. Covering the penis with a condom greatly reduces the area where STIS can be transmitted. • STIs such as herpes, scabies and crabs cannot be prevented by using a condom.
  30. 30. More about condoms • Condoms are long tubes of thin, durable latex • They cover the penis prior to entering the vagina during sex and are removed immediately after ejaculation • They block any ejaculations from the opening of the penis • If used correctly, condoms are 97% effective in preventing sperm from entering the vagina
  31. 31. HOW TO PUT ON A CONDOM jqU
  32. 32. Condoms • Prevent most STIs • Can be used during oral sex • Should be used during vaginal or anal sex to protect against infections
  33. 33. Will using the birth control pill prevent STIs?
  34. 34. Birth Control Pills • The birth control pill is taken once a day and prevents the egg from being released from the ovaries during ovulation. • This means that if sperm is ejaculated into the vagina during sex, there will be no egg in the uterus to fertilize and no baby will be concieved. • The birth control pill does not provide any protection whatsoever against any type of STI.
  35. 35. How is the pill used? • If used properly, birth control pills are 99% effective in pre- venting pregnancy. • The pill is taken once per day at the same time each day. If a user normally takes their pill at 10 am and sometimes forgets to take their pill until 8 pm, their chances of accidental pregnancy will go up.
  36. 36. The pill • Positive side effects of the pill: regulated menstrual cycle, reduction in menstrual cramps, clearer skin. • Negative side effects: mood swings, nausea (at first), weight gain. • E
  37. 37. Inter-Uterine Device • • A T-shaped plastic and/or metal instrument • Embedded in the uterus • Alters the consistency of mucus in the cervix • Releases hormones in the body that are hostile to sperm and eggs • Can last for up to 5 – 10 years
  38. 38. Depo-Provera • 8CPMPfE • A shot administered every 12 weeks through a needle • The shot prevents the ovaries from releasing eggs • It thickens the mucus in the cervix to keep sperm from entering the uterus
  39. 39. Where to obtain birth control • Informed Choices – 562 Brunswick St, Fredericton, NB – Phone: (506) 459-5901 • Planned Parenthood Fredericton – 390 King St., Fredericton, NB – Phone: (506) 454-6333 • Your doctor – some insurance companies will cover the cost of birth control without informing your parents that you are using it
  40. 40. PREGNANCY
  41. 41. Pregnancy • Pregnancy occurs when an egg is fertilized by a sperm during sexual intercourse and is embedded in the side of the uterus. • Pregnancy is often planned, but will occur if a male and female have sex without a condom or without properly using the Pill, an IUD, etc. • Pregnancy lasts for approximately 9 months and is divided into 3 trimesters, marked by growth of the embryo into a fetus.
  42. 42. Teen Pregnancy – As Scary as it Looks • childrens_health/t/graphic-video-aims-stem-teen- pregnancies/ • How did you react to this TV ad? • Have you seen TV ads/commercials of any kind that discourage teen pregnancy before? • How was this one different? • Why was it different?
  44. 44. • Why are more TV shows including storylines about teenage pregnancy? • Why do these storylines still surprise us?
  45. 45. WHY are some teens having sex anyway? • Take a minute to think by yourself about some of the reasons teenagers might have sex or unsafe sex. • In your groups, you’ll have 30 seconds to put your ideas on paper. • Every 30 seconds, your group will rotate to a new table. • We will collect all of our ideas on the board.
  46. 46. HTTP://WWW.THENATIONALCA MPAIGN.ORG/RESOURCES/PDF /PUBS/IPLAN.PDF The National Campaign – Teens on Teen Pregnancy
  47. 47. Costs of pregnancy • 1 box of canned of baby food = 5$. $60/month • 1 bottle of baby formula = $10. $120/month • 1 box of diapers = $10. $150/month • Baby clothes = $100/month • Baby toys = $50/month • Add in living costs ($1000/month, your own food and health costs…) • It adds up! How much do you think it costs to raise a baby for one year? For all 18 years of their childhood?
  49. 49. Pregnancy alternatives • Having the baby • Miscarriage/ectopic pregnancy • Adoption • Abortion
  50. 50. Adoption • Adoption is a legal process by which the biological child of a parent becomes the custody of another person • Normally, the child will be raised by the adopted parents as their own child • The biological and adoptive parents normally agree prior to adoption how and when the child will meet/interact with their child
  51. 51. ABORTION
  52. 52. What is abortion? • Abortion is a medical procedure that occurs very early in the first term that terminates the pregnancy. • The procedure involves the dilation of the cervix and the extraction of the embryo (a small mass of cells) by aspiration • The operation takes between 10 and 15 minutes and is 100% safe.
  53. 53. Journal • Consider the word “consequence”. Which of the potential consequences of becoming sexually active is the most serious to you? • What are some important people or things in your life that would change as a result of pregnancy or STIs? • What is one thing you have learned in this unit? What is one thing you would like to know more about? • 3 sentences per answer minimum please!