Std’s and birth control


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Std’s and birth control

  1. 1. STD’s Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  2. 2. Crabs or pubic lice They drink blood. They make you itch. If you get them, you should shave your pubic hair.
  3. 3. Urinary tract infection • Sometimes a urinary tract infection is caused by sex, but not always. Urinate before and after sex. Clean your genital and anal areas before and after sex. Stay hydrated and drink plenty of water; this will help rid your urinary tract of bacteria.
  4. 4. Chlamydia โรคหนองในเทียม Most people don’t know they have it, especially women. Chlamydia is easy to treat. It is a very common disease.
  5. 5. Genital warts- HPV Virus There is a vaccine for it (Gardasil or Cervarix). Most people get it sometime in their life. Most people don’t have symptoms. It can cause cancer, especially in women. There are over 100 kinds of HPV virus. Only a few are dangerous.
  6. 6. Women should visit a gynecologist Women over the age of 13 should visit one. Get the HPV vaccine. Get a pap smear every few years after age 21.
  7. 7. Herpes โรคเริม Most people that have herpes do not know it. The first outbreak is the worst. Then it is not so bad. It cannot be cured. Stress can cause outbreaks.
  8. 8. Hepatitis C This disease usually spreads by IV drug use, but it can spread by anal sex.
  9. 9. syphilis • Not common now because of antibiotics Syphilis is a bacterial infection. ปฏิชีวนะ
  10. 10. Gonorrhea โรคหนองใน It is sometimes called “The Clap”. It is easily cured by antibiotics. There are 62 million cases of gonorrhea each year. It can cause painful urination or a discharge.
  11. 11. HIV and AIDS HIV attacks the body’s immune system. About 35 million people in the world now have HIV/AIDS. HIV/AIDS became well known around 1981.
  12. 12. Signs and symptoms • The first sign is usually a bad flu 2-4 weeks after infection. It is easy to infect others at this time. A person with AIDS can get spots on their body, have diarrhea, lose weight and feel tired.
  13. 13. AIDS in Thailand • AIDS has been declining in Thailand because of educational programs. • About 1.3% of Thais have HIV/AIDs, the highest in Asia.
  14. 14. HIV is not a death sentence anymore. Magic Johnson got HIV in 1991. He is still living a healthy life now. Science is winning the war on AIDS.
  15. 15. Prevention การป้องกัน Condoms are the best way to prevent STD’s.
  16. 16. Screening and Treatment Can be done at a clinic. Some clinics cost no money. There are many kinds of tests: blood test, urine test, swab test.
  17. 17. Telling your partner(s) You may feel embarrassed, but it is important to tell people you have slept with if you have an STD.
  18. 18. It’s not the end of the world! Most STD’s are not as bad as they sound, and can be easily cured.
  19. 19. Birth Control การคุมกาเนิด
  20. 20. The Pill Must be taken every day. Can have side effects like mood swings and weight gain. Costs about 50-300 baht per month. The white ones are not real, but should be taken anyway.
  21. 21. Condoms Should have no air bubble on the end. They do not break easily. Condoms have been used for at least 400 years. Don’t use old condoms!
  22. 22. Should condoms be available in schools?
  23. 23. spermicide It is a gel that kills sperm. It is often used with other types of birth control.
  24. 24. Chastity belt เข็มขัดพรหมจารี Was used a long time ago to stop people from having sex. Looks comfortable!
  25. 25. diaphragm Must be removed and cleaned every day. A doctor must help a woman choose the right size. It is usually used with spermicide.
  26. 26. Vaginal ring Stays in side the vagina for 3 weeks or 3 months. It releases drugs that prevent pregnancy.
  27. 27. IUD (Intrauterine Device) It is the best kind of birth control. It can be used for 5-12 years. Some have hormones and some have copper ทองแดง It costs about 20,000 baht.
  28. 28. Female condom More expensive than male condoms. Not as safe as male condoms. These are not very popular.
  29. 29. The Patch แผ่นแปะคุมกาเนิด It stops ovulation. การ ตก ไข่ It must be replaced every week. It may effect a woman’s period.
  30. 30. Implant เข็มฝังคุมกาเนิด Goes under the skin of the arm. Can last up to 3 years. Periods may be irregular.
  31. 31. Sterilization การทาหมัน Vasectomy: The tubes are cut and tied. Tubal ligation: Having the “tubes tied”
  32. 32. Emergency contraception ยาคุมฉุกเฉิน • Can be taken up to 72 hours after sex
  33. 33. abstinence • Abstinence means you don’t have sex at all. • This is 100 percent safe.