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Poverty remans the greatest curse on humanity . Getting out of poverty would require empowering human beings through skilling and education, providing opportunities to explore options for employment, making available resources and holding hand for alleviating poverty. Presentation focus on how to leverage urban planning in empowering urbanites to overcome poverty.

Poverty remans the greatest curse on humanity . Getting out of poverty would require empowering human beings through skilling and education, providing opportunities to explore options for employment, making available resources and holding hand for alleviating poverty. Presentation focus on how to leverage urban planning in empowering urbanites to overcome poverty.


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Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM.pptx

  1. 1. Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana- National Urban Livelihood Mission (DAY-NULM): • Jit Kumar Gupta •
  2. 2. • Cities in-- Global Context
  3. 3. State of World’s Cities • UN Habitat Report, State of World’s Cities 2008/2009- Harmonious Cities, defines cities in terms of -- • Cities contain both order and chaos. • In them reside beauty and ugliness--virtue and vice. • They can bring out best or worst in human kind. • They are physical manifestation of history and culture • They are incubators of innovations, industry, technology, entrepreneurship and creativity. • Cities are materialization of humanity’s noblest ideas, ambitions and aspirations, • but when not planned or governed properly, can be repository of society’s ills. • Cities drive national economies by creating wealth, enhancing social development and providing employment but • they can also be breeding grounds for poverty, exclusion and environmental degradation.
  4. 4. Cities and their Context • Cities have been part of human history. • - Cities- known to command power and authority • .Cities- known for both -- positivity and negativities • Cities -- known for their dualities and contradictions • Cities -- known to be areas of concentration of population/ activities, infrastructures, services, healthcare, education • Cities -- Engines of economic growth-70% • Cities - generators of employment , wealth and prosperity, • Cities – also known for their negativities, • – where rich & poor rub shoulders- • - where slums have become order of the day • - where basic amenities of life not available to large majority of population • - Where large manpower remains un-employed/under- employed • - where shelter eludes large population-shelterless
  5. 5. Indian Urbanisation
  6. 6. Indian Urbanization • 250 million in 1919 • 1210 million in 2011 • 2050- Indian population- 1600 mil. -- 50% in Urban India. • Metropolitan Centres -5 (1951)- -53 (2011)-68(2031) • 10 m plus- nil (1951)- 3 (2011) -7 (2031)-9 (2051) • During last 100 years, India witnessed— - -Urbanization level going up by 3 times - --Urban settlements growing merely 4 times - --Total Population multiplying 5 times - -Urban population increasing 15 times and - -Rural population increasing 3.5 times - India heading to be most populated country on this planet- 2036
  7. 7. Indian Urbanization- MP • Madhya Pradesh capital – Bhopal;-- largest city Indore, with Jabalpur, Ujjain, Gwalior, Sagar, and Rewa other major cities; Indore- 21.69 lakhs; Bhopal- 18.83 lakh; Jabalpur- 12.67 lakhs; Gwalior- 11.01 lakh • - 4 metro cities--Population growth – 4 times during last 60 years- 1951-2011 -- Second largest Indian state by area ; fifth largest by population -72mill.; SC/ST Population- 36.7% • Ranks(33rd) on the Human Development Index 21st on sustainable development goals. GDP- 26th in country (2018–19); ranks 9th on gender equality, 10th on clean water and sanitation. • Urbanization level - 27.63% ; sex ratio 918 females per 1000 males. Historical population Year Pop. ±% 1951 18,615,000 — 1961 23,218,000 +24.7% 1971 30,017,000 +29.3% 1981 38,169,000 +27.2% 1991 48,566,000 +27.2% 2001 60,348,000 +24.3% 2011 72,597,565 +20.3%
  8. 8. Indian Urbanization • Urban area important because they will be :  Areas of concentration of population,  Providers of large employment.  Areas of large investment.  Housing major infrastructure & services.  Hub around which entire economy gravitates.  Promoters of higher order of productivity • Major contributors to the national wealth/GDP  1950-51 - 29% (level of urbanization - 17.29%)  1970-71- 37% (level of urbanization - 19.91%)  1990-91- 50% (level of urbanization - 25.72%)  2001-02- 60% (level of urbanization - 27.78%)  2011- 12- 65% (level of urbanization - 31.1%)  10 Largest cities house 8%pop and produce 15%GDP  53 Metro cities house 13 %pop and produce 33%GDP  100 Largest cities house 16%pop and produce 43%GDP
  9. 9. URBAN INDIA- 2030- Mckinsey Global Inst- • India Urban Awakening :Building Inclusive Cities-Report- April, 2010 -- by 2030: • 590 m to live in Urban India- twice the US population • 70% GDP generated by cities • 80% Revenue generated by cities • 4 fold increase in per capita income • 5 times the number by which GDP would multiply • 270 million net increase in working age group • 70% of new jobs(170 mil) generated in cities • 91 M urban households will be middle class-- up from 22 M • 68 Cities will be Metropolises-Europe has 35 only • $ 1.2T capital needed to meet projected infrastructure demand • 700-900 million Sqmts of residential/ commercial area needed annually- a new Chicago to be created • 2.5 b Sqmts roads paved-20times created in last decade • 7400km (350-400 km/year) of metro needed -20times created in last decade • 200 million Rural Indians to benefit-living close to top 70 cities • 75%urban India to live in bottom segment -earning Rs 80 per day
  10. 10. •Problems of Urban India
  11. 11. Urbanization-issues • Urban centers :  Poorly planned, developed managed and governed.  Unable to meet challenges of urban dynamism  Haphazard /Unplanned pattern of development.  Enormous growth of slums • Poor quality of life • largely unhealthy-House large polluting gases of • NO, O3, Co2,SO2 suspended particulate • -98% cities in low& low/middle countries / • --56% in high income economies do not meet air quality • –WHO norms • 6 million people died -due to air pollution-2019-20 • Cities Remain unsafe • Cities -- Remain water stressed • Unable to meet basic needs of • -Shelter • --Services , • --Sanitation
  12. 12. Urbanization-issues • Cities--Have acute shortage of green spaces • Cities- Remain prone to disasters- natural and manmade • Cities--Create large heat island- leading to temperature rise of 2-4 degree during day and up to 10 C at night • Cities-- Perpetually suffering from problems of traffic and transportation • Cities--Promoting exclusion • Cities- Creating dichotomy between rich and poor • Cities--Remain unsustainable- largely dependent on rural hinterland for day to day needs • Cities- Remain large consumer of energy / resources • Cities--Remain polluter of environment / destroyer of bio-diversit • Indian Urbanization rightly called :  Urbanization of Population  Urbanization of Poverty  Urbanization of Pollution
  13. 13. Urbanization-issues
  14. 14. Making Urban India More Liveable
  15. 15. SDG 11- Make Cities& human settlements inclusive ,safe, resilient and sustainable
  16. 16. Why Sustainable/Smart Cities Important • -- 54% of world’s population lives in cities • -- 2.5 billion to join cities- in next 3 decades. • Cities impact- --environment , Ecology, Resources social /economic/ sustainability • Sustainable cities allow --citizens / local authorities to-- work together • Cities – helps launch initiatives • Cities-- innovate/use smart technologies • Cities – known to manage assets /resources effectively/efficiently • Cities– known to Provide better quality of life to residents • Cities – known to generate economic growth. • Cities- known to deliver services with reduced infrastructure costs.
  17. 17. •Poverty in Human Living
  18. 18. Urban Poverty- India . Despite developing rapidly / economy growing fast-- Poverty remains major challenge. • International Monetary Fund/ World Bank –Extreme Poverty- • -- living on US$1.9 or less- Indian had 0.8% of population labelled as poor in 2019 • -India reduced poverty-- by 12.3% between 2011 and 2019-- from 22.5% in 2011 to 10.2% in 2019. • - Rural poverty declined from 26.3% in 2011 to 11.6% in 2019.-14.7% • --However, urban areas declined from 14.2% to 6.3% in the same period.- 7.9% • -- UNDP- India lifted 271 million people out of extreme poverty --in 10-year time period from 2005–2006 to 2015–2016. • -- A 2020 study of World Economic Forum - "Some 220 million Indians sustained on an expenditure level of less than Rs 32 / day—in 2013. ( As per Wikipedia). • World Poverty Clock in 2021-- roughly 6% or 86,799,498 (86.8 million) Indian population is living in poverty.
  19. 19. Poverty- Context in Human Living • Poverty -- greatest curse on humanity/ human beings • Poverty- Responsible for irrational growth/ developmental ills/ maladies facing human settlements-slums/shanty towns/hawking etc., • Poverty has numerous connotations/ multiple implications for human living & quality of life.  Poverty-- leads to lowering human dignity.  Poverty -- adversely impact / compromise with quality of life.  Poverty-- promoter of criminalization in society  Poverty -- degrades / makes human beings-making them helpless / hopeless  Poverty -- adversely impacts human psyche / mental makeup.  Poverty --makes human beings face exclusion from society/community  Poverty -- lowers capacity/capability of individual /family -- to become a better human beings/social unit.  Poverty --marginalizes human capacity- to take care/manage basic human needs, essential for living.
  20. 20. Poverty- Context in Human Living  Poverty - lands human beings in slums in search for appropriate shelter.  Poverty --- transforms / makes human- inhumane.  Poverty -- negates sense of social, physical /economic values in human living  Majority --of crimes/criminals in society have roots in poverty.  Poverty / planned development -- remain inversely related  Poverty/education-- also negatively co-related  Poverty and health--- remain anti-thesis to each other.  Drugs /human trafficking-- have genesis in poverty.  Poverty-- turns/ makes human being-- a liability instead of asset for society  Personal hygiene remains divorced when human beings are faced with poverty.
  21. 21. •Factors causing Poverty
  22. 22. Factors causing Poverty • Poverty -- a human problem--follows humanity like a shadow.-- has dedicated origin / destination. • Poverty- caused by numerous factors. • Poverty - outcome of where one is born -- circumstances, environment/ places known to cause poverty. • Majority of factors causing/perpetuating poverty -- remain beyond human controls.  Poverty-- caused by nature- nature led  Poverty – caused by community in which man is born- community led  Poverty-- outcome of family to which one belongs- family led  Poverty-- outcome of the caste to which one belongs- caste led.  Poverty-- caused by the neglect of the place where one lives- place led.  Poverty -- caused by conflicts/riots between nations and communities- conflict led  Few nations/states- known for their poverty due to low level of development/resources- Nation/state led  Poverty –also outcome of adverse circumstances in which one is forced into- Circumstances led  Planning -- responsible for promoting poverty among the human beings—Planning led. • Different forms of Poverty • Generally, poverty linked to - lack of adequate financial resources needed for human living including food, clothing and shelter. • Poverty has numerous connotation's-- ; • Poverty of thoughts, Poverty of ideas, • Poverty of action, Poverty to experiment/innovate/ explore; • Poverty of leadership, Poverty of networking, • Poverty to co-operate and collaborate etc. • have role in perpetuating poverty on masses / communities. • Poverty of any kind has its adverse implications on human living.
  23. 23. •National Urban Livelihood Mission
  24. 24. National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM): • Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs -- launched two flagship missions- • Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM) and • Swachh Bharat Mission– Urban (SBM-U) • --covering 4041cities/ urban population- for uplift of urban poor through – increased livelihood opportunities -- skill development etc.- 1. Addressing Poverty; • Empowering Poor- To reduce poverty/vulnerability of urban poor households -- by accessing gainful self- employment/ skilled wage employment opportunities, • Improving livelihoods on sustainable basis -through building strong grassroots level institutions of poor.(SHG) 2. Shelter for Homeless • Providing shelters -- with essential services to urban homeless in a phased manner. 3. Rehabilitating Street Vendors; • address livelihood concerns of urban street vendors by;; • -- facilitating access to suitable spaces, • -- providing institutional credit, social security and • -- skilling urban street vendors • --for accessing emerging market opportunities
  25. 25. National Urban Livelihoods Mission- Objectives Objectives- National -- For realizing the ‘Make in India’ objective, --Enabling India to emerge as manufacturing base to meet global needs, --Need to empower every youth with necessary skills. Individual --Skill development has multiple outcomes including; --enhancing employment opportunities, -- stimulating economic growth and -- promoting self-worth of beneficiaries. Guiding Principles  --Poor have a strong desire to come out of poverty,  -- have innate capabilities .  --Need External dedicated / sensitive support structure  -- Essential to induce social mobilization/ institution building / empowerment process  --Facilitating knowledge dissemination/ skill building/  access to credit/ access to marketing/ access to other livelihoods services  -- enabling them to enjoy a portfolio of sustainable livelihoods • Values • --Core values guiding activities under NRLM will be;  --Inclusion of Poorest  --meaningful role to Poorest in all processes  -- bringing Transparency and accountability-- of all processes / institutions.  -- Ownership/key role of Poor and their institutions -- in all stages – planning, implementation, and, monitoring
  26. 26. National Urban Livelihoods Mission - FOCUS Urban component of DAY, focus: • 1.Imparting skills-- with expenditure of Rs.15,000 – Rs.18,000 on each urban poor; • 2.Promotion of self-employment – • through setting up individual micro-enterprises/group enterprises • with interest subsidy for individual projects costing Rs.2.00 lakhs/Rs.10.00 lakhs for group enterprises. • Subsidized interest rate will be 7%; • 3.Training urban poor – • to meet huge demand for services from urban citizens • by imparting market oriented skills through • City Livelihood Centres. • Each Centre would be given a capital grant of Rs.10.00 lakhs. • 4.Enabling urban poor form Self-Help Groups • for meeting financial and social needs • with a support of Rs.10,000/- per each group who would in turn would be helped with bank linkages; • 5. Development of vendor markets- besides promotion of skills of vendors; and • 6. Construction of permanent shelters- for urban homeless and provision of other essential
  27. 27. National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM):
  28. 28. National Urban Livelihoods Mission- Components • Major Components of NULM MISSION are ; • 1.Employment through Skill Training and placement – ESTP • 2. Self Employment Programme – SEP • 3.Social Mobilization and Institutional Development-SMID • 4.Shelter for Urban Homeless – SUH • 5. Support to urban Street vendor – SUSV • 6. Capacity Building and Training Programmes – CBT • Agencies Involved-- • NMMU --National Mission Management Unit, SMMU-- State Mission Management Unit and ULB --means Urban Local body. • NMMU --Releases money for all components & defines targets forstates. • States - fixes target for ULB’s.
  29. 29. Role of NMMU / SMMU:-- National/State Mission Management Unit, • Role of NMMU: • Setting targets for all states --financial year wise, • Adding Trade, • Adding courses, • Adding curriculum for the courses, • Adding empaneled institutes and • creating user credential for institutes, • Attaching courses to institutes, • Adding certifying agencies • --creating user credentials for certifying agencies. • --Entries of applications receive at the NMMU level. • --SMMU activities -- same as NMMU, • SMMU --fixes targets for ULB’s.
  30. 30. Social Mobilization and Institutional Development-SMID • SM & ID – investment for sustaining urban poverty alleviation. • Segregates members into different groups-- making one member (preferably a woman) group’s head. • Groups again sub-divided into two-- area level--town/city level-- viewed as the basic unit of the poor. • Shelter for Urban Homeless – SUH • SUH means Shelter for Urban Homeless-- aims to provide shelter for urban homeless people. • SUH is divided into two types, -- Special shelters and General shelters. • Under Special Shelters, the government take care of the special needs like providing shelter to the older people, the mentally ill, recovering patients and their families. • General Shelters covers all kinds of shelters such as Men shelters, Women shelters and Family shelters. • Support to Urban Street vendor – SUSV • SUSV aims to provide economic growth for urban street vendors. • There are three sub-components of the SUSV. They are street vendor survey, street vendor plan, and Vendor Market Development. • SMMU & ULB/CMMU both release the amount for the Street Vendor Plan, Survey and Vendor Market Development. • ULB/CMMU will release the money to Training Agencies. • Capacity Building and Training Programmes – CBT • CBT aims to transform role of M/oHUA and State Agencies in charge of urban poverty alleviation into; • -- providers of high-quality technical assistance in livelihood promotion / urban poverty alleviation. • --Objective -- to build strong institutional structures at National, State/City levels for efficient implementation of - NULM.
  31. 31. ESTP -Employment through Skill Training and Placement Aims; -- to provide skill training for urban poor -- to enable them for self-employment and -- provide salaried jobs in the private sector. -- Bridging gap between-- demand and availability of local skills-- by providing skill training programmes. • Various courses offered under ESTP--- duration of the courses varies from course to course. • Self Employment Programme – SEP • -- divided into SEP-I & SEP-G. • SEP-I -- Self Employment Programme for Individual, and • SEP-G -- Self Employment Programme for Group. • Segregates members into different groups-- making one member (preferably a woman) group’s head. • Groups again sub-divided into two-- area level--town/city level-- viewed as the basic unit of the poor. • Beneficiaries can avail loans under SEP Scheme. • Amount approved by task force-- should be less than /equal to- applicant’s loan required amount. • Maximum limit for the SEP-I is 2 Lakh, and for the SEP- G is 5 Lakh. • Applicants-- can apply for loan more than once-- not eligible to apply if loan has approved already. • Subsidies for loans will be released in more than one instalments. • Loan application - screened based on required documents-- and group members (the ideal number is 5).
  32. 32. National Urban Livelihoods Mission (U-LEARN) The U-LEARN (Urban Livelihood e-Learning and Resource Network) application is an; -- e-learning initiative having objective of ; -- building capacities of DAY-NULM and SBM-U functionaries. -- available as a mobile application as well as a web-based platform.- -- offers tutorials in videos/ case studies on -- leading practices/ model MoUs/Agreements/ other reference documents. -- Participants option to take a test after going through each tutorial, and -- receive a certificate on successful completion of test. U-Learn to serve as a critical resource for ; --NULM functionaries from national, state and city mission management units, -- field functionaries implementing NULM including -- community organizers/ staff of resource organizations --engaged for formation and support of SHGs under the Mission. -- Community resource persons/SHG / federation members/ other beneficiaries -- can use video tutorials available on U-Learn --to gain insights on NULM guidelines-- self- employment opportunities-- entitlements -- options for skill development. -- forefront workers of Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) have valuable tutorials on U-Learn. including national, state /city PMU staff, sanitation /engineering staff of Urban Local Bodies. The resources available on platform useful for; -- NGOs/ research organizations working on urban poverty --, livelihoods, urban sanitation/waste management, - elected and executive officials at urban local bodies.
  33. 33. Special Shelters • Special Shelters: • Aims --to provide shelter for urban homeless people • Taking into account special needs for different segments of homeless persons, • - Old persons without care, • - mentally ill, • - recovering patients and their families. General Shelters: • Shelters included such as; • -- Men shelters, • -- Women shelters and • -- Family shelters.
  34. 34. Urban Street Vendors-SSUV • Support to Urban Street Vendors; • -- an integral part of the economic growth process in urban areas. • Different Sub- Components in SUSV? • 1- Street Vendor Survey 2- Street Vendor Plan 3- Vendor Market Development • Under this sub-component; • -- financial support will be provided to ULB’s • - for conduct of survey • - for identification /enlisting of street vendors and • -- issuing of ID Card • Partial Survey-- For a particular city -if survey proposal was prepared for part of city -- then it is called as Partial. • Whole City Survey- If the survey proposal is prepared for the complete city then it is called Whole City
  35. 35. •Empowering Urban Poor through Urban Planning
  36. 36. Empowering Poor through Physical Planning .Urban planning – Preparing Plans for cities/its different parts- local area plans-Master Plans/Development Plans/Zonal Plans/Zoning Plans/Layout plans -- has critical role in -- promoting/alleviating poverty -- never rationally /objectively -studied , understood, appreciated and analyze --Generally understood that; - planned development remains people centric, - - invariably leads to promoting universal public good - -- focus on achieving and promoting improved human living. - Looking objectively-- manner urban planning practiced / made operational, - -- Urban planning, contributes in promoting poverty - catering to riches of society - -- exclusion of marginalized sections of society. - Accordingly- approach to urban planning - - needs review, revision and redefinition - -- to involve and empower the poor - Creating spaces for living, working in urban settlements
  37. 37. NULM – Physical PLANNING-1 • Accordingly urban planning should revolve around and should lead to;  1. Rationalising Urban Related Policies; All urban planning/development policies / programs evolved at national, state and local levels, must remain poverty centric/ aim at minimizing challenges faced by poor /empowering urban poor.  2. Promoting Co-operative cities; Cities must be planned on co-operative basis to create joint ownerships for all the citizens so as to eliminate the ownership of urban resources, facilities and amenities by few elites/riches in the city.  3. Making Urban Planning poor centric ;  - Making poor integral part of city planning and development process  -- while preparing Master plans/Development Plans/Local area plans  -- providing all basic amenities ,services and spaces essentially needed by the poor,  - for making their living and working qualitative..  4. Earmarking dedicated Commercial space; Earmarking adequate dedicated commercial space / defining appropriate norms and standards,- help the poor to contribute to the employment and economy  5. Earmarking dedicated Residential space; Earmarking/, developing dedicated space for housing / defining appropriate norms and would help in minimizing growth of slums and shanty towns in urban areas  6. Skilling Poor; Earmarking space for skill centers for skilling the urban poor for employment in the urban context will help in empowering poor by source better employment.
  38. 38. NULM – Physical PLANNING-2  7.Creating Service Centers; Opening large number of service centers related to-- plumbing, electrification, vehicle repairs, driving, healthcare, households work, landscaping, horticulture, garbage disposal etc.—marking space such service centers -- made integral part of urban planning process.  8. Creating Day Markets; organization day-markets on rotation basis, for poor to market their products will help in generating employment and creating opportunities for better earning for the poor in the city.  9. Permitting multiple use of formal urban spaces; Permitting poor to use prime urban spaces after close and before open of formal markets, to create space for doing business by the poor will be a game changer in alleviating poverty in the urban areas.  10.Developing Motor markets; Planning dedicated markets for carrying out repairs of the motor vehicles in different parts of the city, will help in creating number of opportunities for employment of the poor having skill in the repair of the automobiles/vehicles etc,  11.Registering Poor; Registering poor for realistically quantify/ understand need / demand for such section of the community for undertaking planning for them in rational and realistic manner. Such an approach will help in targeting right beneficiaries for all poor oriented programs.  12.Leasing Space; Space earmarked for poor should be made available on lease basis with period varying with daily/weekly/monthly /yearly basis , depending upon nature of space allocated and activities permitted to be carried out. No ownership of space allocated for poor should be ever permitted. Adequate checks/ balances created within system to eliminate speculation /misuse/abuse of spaces allocated to poor.
  39. 39. NULM – Physical PLANNING-3  14 Promoting Circular Economy cities ; Cities planned, designed, developed following circular pattern of economy, have great potential ,capacity and capability to minimize poverty by optimizing the use of available resources and converting enormous waste being generated by them into wealth using different options . Accordingly, cities creating large opportunities/ options for converting waste into wealth by making products which can be used /consumed locally, can help in lowering the graph of poverty.  15 Involving Poor in Planning; For rationally understanding the basic requirements and empowering the poor, it will be appropriate to make poor integral part of the urban planning, development and management process. Involving poor in the planning and designing of urban spaces can help in not only making urban planning process more rational, equitable and objective but will go along way in eliminating large number of ills facing the urban settlements.  16.Using Technologies; Technology has enormous potential in optimizing resources, empowering people, promoting operational efficiency, making innovations, promoting start up, creating large employment, creating correct data base, effectively monitoring the implementation welfare schemes, connecting communities etc. Accordingly , it will be important and critical to make technology integral part of all the policies and programs put in operations for empowering poor.  17.Promoting Cross-subsidization; Making the mechanism of cross subsidization integral part of the planning process will always help in generating revenue/resources and creating space for the urban poor while planning/granting permission for different projects/schemes launched by the private sector in the city.
  40. 40. NULM – Physical PLANNING-4- Regional Planning • 18.Prioritising Regional Planning;  -- Urban planning -- remains focus of all urban Planners  --leading to exclusion of the large number of rural settlements  -- ignoring major proportion of population living in rural areas of country - 68.9%, as per Census 2011).  -- has led to lopsided development of country  -- besides perpetuating poverty on large scale in urban areas  --.Poverty remains a human problem-- unfortunately reckoned as urban problem  -- because rural poverty gets concentrated in urban areas due to large scale rural- urban migration.  -- Prioritising Regional Planning will help in ;  -- Synergizing rural-urban India  -Bringing them on same platform  -- Making optimization of strength , resources, manpower, opportunities available in rural urban areas,  - Economizing on growth/development/providing services- decentralization of activities/population/industry etc.  -- Empowering poor in the rural settlements by;  -- Providing appropriate infrastructures/ services  --creating options/opportunities for better employment locally.  -- Regional planning– to be followed by urban & rural planning  -- For addressing development issues and challenges facing the poor at the settlement level .
  41. 41. NULM – Physical PLANNING-5 • 19 Creating well designed vendor’s markets- appropriately designed markets based on nature of activities to be housed • 20. Having Multiple options for vendor’s market- creating different options for vendor’ markets based on mapping vendors activities in different zones • 21 Leasing Vendor’s site for a defined period- no creation of ownership for vendors ; but creating assured lease unless sub-letted /violations of leased conditions • 22. Charging rational leased money- for the site allocated • 23.Making provision of supportive infrastructures- parking, water, sanitation, solid waste management • 24.- Looking for appropriate/suitable sites – considering traffic , availability of public amenities • 25- Planning for mobility of vendors-larger /better commercial space over a period of time • 26-Crating a National Register of Poor- for assessing the magnitude and plan besides eliminating duplication/manipulation
  42. 42. Implementing NULM – Road Block-- Looking Forward • 1.Implementing- 74th CAA- Decentralization of Urban Planning/ development process from state/development Authorities-- to local level; • 2. Actively involving ULBs in local urban planning/development process • 3. Creating a Land Bank at city level for-- vendors/housing/skilling • 4. Earmarking a dedicated space in planning- master plans/local area plans for – Creating Vendor’s Zones, Shelter for homeless ; Skilling centres • 5. Transparent system of Identification of right beneficiaries • 6. Empowering urban local bodies- Employing inhouse planning and development manpower at ULB levels-providing financial/manpower resources • 7. Understanding need of the poor for skilling/employment/locating vendors/ home for homeless • 8.Involving poor in planning and development of NULM projects/programs • 9 Eliminating multiplicity of agencies involved in urban planning/ development- at local level • 10. creating a unified agency for planning and development
  43. 43. Implementing NULM – Road Block-- Looking Forward • 11. Involving Directorate of Technical Institutions/AICTE / State Technical Universities/Private Universities - for bringing technical institutions running vocational courses to run approved vocational/skilling courses • 12. Involving technical institutions- Engineering/Polytechnics/ ITIs for skilling • 13. Involving Housing Agencies- Development Authorities/Housing Boards for- creating appropriate level of Housing. • 14. Involving NGOs/CBOs- for working with communities and urban local bodies • 15. Involving Industries- for skilling, employment and preparing manpower for dedicate industries • 16. Involving Industrial Institutions- Confederation of Indian Industries, Punjab Haryana Delhi Chambers of Commerce ; • 17. Specifying realistic/rational norms & guidelines for locating sites-vendors, houseless, skilling
  44. 44. Chandigarh- Temporary Phari- walla Sites- Sector 45-75 sites
  45. 45. Chandigarh- Temporary Phari- walla Sites- Sector 37- 30 sites
  46. 46. GUWAHITI Municipal Corporation- Street Vending • Street Vending under NULM • As per the provisions of the National policy on urban street vendors Vendors (Protection of livelihood and Regulation of Street vending) Act, 2014 following components of the act has been implemented: • One Town Vending Committee headed by the Commissioner and six zonal vending committees have been constituted under Guwahati Municipal Corporation in the line of the Street Vendors (Protection of of street vending) Act, 2014 • Detailed survey of Street Vendors as per the provision laid down in carried out under Guwahati Municipal Corporation • Total 7182 Street Vendors have been identified trading across the city. • Vending Zones in various locations of the city have been identified to existing street vendors to make the road and foot path free from encroachment. • Construction of vending zone at Guwahati Medical College Hospital, (below flyover towards Panjabari) is completed and vendors of that vending zone.
  47. 47. Support to Urban Street Vendors (Revised Operational Guidelines • Components- provisions of The Street Vendors (Protection of Livelihood and Regulation of Street Vending) Act, 20141 • Component 1: Survey and Issue of Identity Cards • Component 2: Preparation of City Street Vending Plan • Component 3: Infrastructure Improvement • Component 4: Training and Skill Development • Component 5: Financial Inclusion • Component 6: Access to Credit • Component 7: Linkage with Social Security Scheme • Sanctioning Committee at the State Urban Livelihoods Mission • Monitoring and Evaluation • Funding Pattern3
  48. 48. Vending Zone Gurugram
  49. 49. Vending Zone- Panchkula
  50. 50. Ludhiana Vending Zone