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BASIC SERVICES TO URBAN POOR
(BSUP)
Arthisri, Swapnika, Sairaja Chaithanya
• Abbreviation of BSUP is Basic Services to Urban Poor
• It is one of the two sub-missions of JNNURM (Jawaharlal Nehru Nat...
Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission is an ambitious programme of the Government of India
to bring about improv...
The Mission, comprising of 2 sub-missions –
1.each for Urban Infrastructure & Governance and
2. Basic Services to Urban Po...
As per 2001 population census, 285.35 million people reside in urban areas. It constitutes 27.8% of the total
population o...
• To Providing tenure security.
• To provide housing at affordable prices.
• Provide social service such as education, hea...
ADVANTAGES OF BSUP:
• Improved quality of city environment and building slum free cities.
• improve in terms of revenues a...
KEY COMPONENTS TAKEN UP UNDER BSUP
• Housing and development of infrastructure projects in the slums in the identified cit...
FUNDS RELEASE UNDER BSUP
• Cities with million plus: 50 % Centre share 50 % State/ULB/Beneficiary Share
• Cities/Towns in ...
BSUP FUND ALLOTEMENT
improve the fund allocation for the benefit of urban poor
Internal Earmarking of Municipal Budget:
• ...
BSUP FUNDS UNDER JNNURM
FUNDING PATTERN:
BUDGET:
•Total budget around 50000 Crores.In that they have allotted
• 13,650 cro...
Mission Strategy
Rajiv Awas Yojana (RAY):
Encourage States/Union Territories (UTs) to tackle slums
• Bringing all existing...
Mission Strategy
Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM)-
2005-06:
Main Aim is to address the problems of...
CASE STUDIES:BSUP PROJECTS
CASESTUDY 1: BSUP PROJECTS OF BANGALORE AND MYSORE
reference for this casestudy is from vinay kumar blog ,The ministry of ...
BSUP PROJECT COVERAGE IN BANGALORE AND MYSORE:
• Under BSUP Sub-Mission, 18 projects were sanctioned at a cost of Rs. 837....
ACHIEVEMENTS UNDER BSUP PROJECT IN BANGALORE AND MYSORE:
Achievements in 3 Years (Apr 13-March, 2016):
Physical progress:
...
CASESTUDY 2: BSUP PROJECTS OF ODISHA
JNNURM PROJECTS FOR ODISHA:
1) Four projects sanctioned for Bhubaneswar city
under JN...
CASESTUDY 2: BSUP PROJECTS OF ODISHA
AIM OF THE PROJECT: TO CONSTRUCT DWELLING UNITS IN 4 SITES
OF BHUBANESWAR WITH INFRAS...
BSUP PROJECT TIMELINE IN BHUBANESWAR
CASESTUDY 2: BSUP PROJECTS OF ODISHA- BHUBANESWAR CITY
BSUP PROJECT SANCTIONED
*Sourc...
CASESTUDY 2: BSUP PROJECTS OF ODISHA- BHUBANESWAR CITY
CURRENT STATUS: ONLY 34% OF TOTAL AMOUNT HAS BEEN RELEASED
STATUS O...
CURRENT STATUS: 60% of dwelling units sanctioned are ongoing, 31% complete
STATUS OF DWELLING UNITS CONSTRUCTION IN BHUBAN...
Cities which is in lack of basic services for urban poor is creating unhygienic conditions. So BSUP
helped urban poor to h...
MINISTRY OF HOUSING AND URBAN POVERTY ALLEVIATION
MODIFIED GUIDELINES FOR SUB-MISSION ON BASIC SERVICES TO THE URBAN POOR ...
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Basic services to urban poor (Bsup)

check out the details about indian government scheme BSUP

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Basic services to urban poor (Bsup)

  1. 1. BASIC SERVICES TO URBAN POOR (BSUP) Arthisri, Swapnika, Sairaja Chaithanya
  2. 2. • Abbreviation of BSUP is Basic Services to Urban Poor • It is one of the two sub-missions of JNNURM (Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission) • Urban Infrastructure and Governance mission is under the ministry of Urban Development where as Basic Services to Urban Poor mission is under the ministry of Urban poverty alleviation. • The main thrust of the sub-mission on Basic Services to the Urban Poor (BSUP) will be on integrated development of slums through projects for providing shelter, basic services and other civic amenities with a view to provide utilities to the urban poor. • This scheme was officially inaugurated by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on 3 December 2005. WHAT IS BSUP?
  3. 3. Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission is an ambitious programme of the Government of India to bring about improvement in the existing urban service levels and urban infrastructure in a financially sustainable manner. This programme, to be implemented over a period of 7 years with a financial outlay of around Rs 50,000 crore from the Government of India, will be executed in 63 cities and towns across India. AIM OF JNNURM: The aim is to encourage reforms and fast track planned development of identified cities.Focus is to be on efficiency in urban infrastructure and service delivery mechanisms, community participation, and accountability of urban local bodies/ parastatal agencies towards citizens. OBJECTIVE OF JNNURM: The primary objective is to create economically productive, efficient, equitable and responsive cities. WHAT IS JNNURM?
  4. 4. The Mission, comprising of 2 sub-missions – 1.each for Urban Infrastructure & Governance and 2. Basic Services to Urban Poor (BSUP), will support projects in various sectors such as water supply, sewerage and sanitation, solid waste management, renewal of inner city areas, urban transport, preservation of water bodies and integrated development of slums. The mission also has two sub- schemes -1.Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme for Small and Medium Towns (UIDSSMT) and 2.Integrated Housing and Slum Development Programme (IHSDP). There are 3 categories of cities selected for financial support under the JNNURM. Each category of cities has a specific financing pattern with variable grant funding from the Government of India and the respective State Government. The categories are as follows: 1. Cities/Urban Agglomerations with 4 million plus population as per 2001 census… EXAMPLE: delhi, hyderabad, greater mumbai, ahmedabad, banglore, chennai and kolkata 2. Cities/Urban Agglomerations with 1 million plus but less that 4 million population as per 2001 census… EXAMPLE: Patna- 16.98 lakhs population , Faridabad -10.56lakhs, Bhopal -14.58lakhs, Ludhiana- 13.98 lakhs,Jaipur -23.27 lakhs 3. Selected Cities/Urban Agglomerations (these are state capitals and other cities and urban agglomerations of religious, historic and tourist importance)… EXAMPLE: Panaji - 0.99lakhs, Shimla-1.45 lakhs, WHAT IS JNNURM?
  5. 5. As per 2001 population census, 285.35 million people reside in urban areas. It constitutes 27.8% of the total population of the country. In post independence era while population of India has grown three times, the urban population has grown five times. The rising urban population has also given rise to increase in the number of urban poor. As per 2001 estimates, the slum population is estimated to be 61.8 million. The ever increasing number of slum dwellers causes tremendous pressure on urban basic services and infrastructure. In order to cope with massive problems that have emerged as a result of rapid urban growth, it has become imperative to draw up a coherent urbanization policy/strategy to implement projects in select cities on mission mode. This mission helps to Focus attention on integrated development of Basic Services to the Urban Poor in the cities NEED FOR SUB-MISSION ON BASIC SERVICES TO THE URBAN POOR (BSUP) UNDER JAWAHARLAL NEHRU NATIONAL URBAN RENEWAL MISSION (JNNURM) ?
  6. 6. • To Providing tenure security. • To provide housing at affordable prices. • Provide social service such as education, health and social security to poor people. AIM OF BSUP: OBJECTIVES OF BSUP: • Upgrade the slums under the categories of municipal services such as water supply, toilets, waste water drainage, solid waste management, power, roads, transport, etc. • To improve the sustainable the quality of life of the urban poor, all the urban poor settlements must connect with the municipal networkings. • To ensure better education to the community, • improved health and access to sustainable livelihoods which in turn would help reduce poverty. • Giving an opportunity to the people to raise their voice on demands/grievances related to basic service provision – provide better governance.
  7. 7. ADVANTAGES OF BSUP: • Improved quality of city environment and building slum free cities. • improve in terms of revenues and can invest in future city development. • Improved urban governance effective, sustainable and to making the people to be responsive. • access to quality basic municipal services • Public involving in the planning. • Poor will get legal housing with the services with good infrastructure • Helps in the growth of informal sector. • helps to improve the quality of life in urban poor communities. • To improve the micro enterprises. • Provide access to affordable housing to poor
  8. 8. KEY COMPONENTS TAKEN UP UNDER BSUP • Housing and development of infrastructure projects in the slums in the identified cities • Projects for development/improvement/maintenance of basic services to urban poor • Slum Improvement and rehabilitation projects • Projects on water supply/sewerage/drainage, community toilets/baths etc • Houses at affordable costs for slum dwellers/urban poor/EWS/LIG categories • Construction and improvements of drains/storm water drains • Environmental improvement of slums and solid waste management • Street Lighting • Civic Amenities like community halls, child care centres, etc • Operation and maintenance of assets created under this component • Convergence of health, education and social security schemes for the urban poor
  9. 9. FUNDS RELEASE UNDER BSUP • Cities with million plus: 50 % Centre share 50 % State/ULB/Beneficiary Share • Cities/Towns in the North Eastern and Jammu & Kashmir : 90 % Centre share 10 % State/ULB/Beneficiary Share COVERAGE OF BSUP The BSUP covers 65 cities and towns. These are such as; • Seven cities having 4 million plus population as per the 2001 Census. • 28 cities having 1 million, but less than 4 million populations. • 30 selected cities of religious/historic and tourist importance.
  10. 10. BSUP FUND ALLOTEMENT improve the fund allocation for the benefit of urban poor Internal Earmarking of Municipal Budget: • To prepare the annual budgeting, und flow • Segregate the budget in the towards poor/slum households. • Eg: IHSDP/BSUP housing schemes, SJSRY/BRGF schemes • expenditure and revenue Constitution of BSUP Fund: • accounting systems in the state and central government • To create legal background and framework • Channelizing the budgeting through the existing schemes Management and Operation • authorization to draw and manage the funds • maintenance of its accounts up to date and auditing • access criteria for the utilization of funds from the BSUP Fund. BSUP fund utilization action planning framework Poverty assessments City Intervention Framework Urban Poverty Alleviation Action Plan Process Slum specific plan Governance: Transparency Accountability Participation BSUP FUND DEVELOPMENT CYCLE:- SOURCE:http://www.cgg.gov.in/workingpapers/BSUP%20Publication.pdf
  11. 11. BSUP FUNDS UNDER JNNURM FUNDING PATTERN: BUDGET: •Total budget around 50000 Crores.In that they have allotted • 13,650 crores foe BSUP Category Population (2001 census) No. of Cities Funding Pattern (%) Grant State / ULB/Parastatal share, Including Beneficiary ContributionCentral Govt. A > 4 Million 7 50 50 B 1-4 Million 28 50 50 C For cities in NE states & J&K 90 10 Other Selected Cities / UAs < 1 Million 28 80 20 Year BSUP IHSDP 2005-2006 334 Crore for both BSUP And IHSDP 2006-2007 1000 Crore 500 Crore 2007-2008 1501 Crore 490 Crore 2008-2009 1880.35 Crore 613.84 Crore 2009-2010 2267.35 Crore 1113.85 Crore YEAR WISE CENTRAL ALLOCATION FOR BSUP AND IHSDP:
  12. 12. Mission Strategy Rajiv Awas Yojana (RAY): Encourage States/Union Territories (UTs) to tackle slums • Bringing all existing slums, notified or non-notified. • Redressing the failures of the formal system creation of slums for the urban poor. • Initiated learning from successes/failures of BSUP and IHSDP. • RAY permits private sector brought in through PPP scheme. • 33% of sanctioned housing projects have been completed under BSUP, figure of 29% • RAY is more comprehensive and less ad-hoc • economically-weaker sections (EWS), LIG housing and earmarking of 25% Problems arised: • 50% of costs come from Centre 25% from states and 25% from ULBs • The mission earmark 20-25% of land for housing projects-land doesn't solve the problem • Prescribe sizes for EWS/LIG/MIG dwellings and selling prices-monthly home loan repayments that do not exceed 30-40% of monthly income.
  13. 13. Mission Strategy Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM)- 2005-06: Main Aim is to address the problems of infrastructure and basic services to the poor in cities and towns. • Initiated with Rs. 50,000 Crore later fund rised up to Rs. 60,000 Crore • Beneficiary Contribution 12% (SC/ST/BC/OBC/PH) others-10% • One supplementary DPR for Social Infrastructure approved for Aanganwadi & Compound Wall Phase-I : Total DUs 5392: Completed and allotted to beneficiaries. Phase-II : Total DUs 5664: Completed Phase-III, IV & V: Total 10,640 DUs are under progress. • challenges of urbanization-building inclusive cities, improving urban governance, funding, planning, and promoting capacity building at the local level • Inter-city spatial inequality-provision of central assistance • Small and medium towns-larger share from the central government
  14. 14. CASE STUDIES:BSUP PROJECTS
  15. 15. CASESTUDY 1: BSUP PROJECTS OF BANGALORE AND MYSORE reference for this casestudy is from vinay kumar blog ,The ministry of urban development, karnataka SOURCE:http://vinaykumarsorake.blogspot.in/2016/06/basic-services-to-urban-poor-bsup.html
  16. 16. BSUP PROJECT COVERAGE IN BANGALORE AND MYSORE: • Under BSUP Sub-Mission, 18 projects were sanctioned at a cost of Rs. 837.79 crore of which 14 projects at Rs. 578.95 crore were for Bangalore and 4 projects estimated at Rs. 258.84 crore were for Mysore city. • Total 27925 dwelling units, with all essential services, in 158 slums of Bangalore and Mysore together, have been approved so far. • 26707 DUs have been completed and 948 DUs are under construction. Totally, 6 projects have been completed. The financial progress is Rs. 769.53 crore as on March, 2016. CASESTUDY 1: BSUP PROJECTS OF BANGALORE AND MYSORE
  17. 17. ACHIEVEMENTS UNDER BSUP PROJECT IN BANGALORE AND MYSORE: Achievements in 3 Years (Apr 13-March, 2016): Physical progress: During the period, out of total 18 projects, 6254 DUs and 4 projects have been completed as below: · Nagareshwara Nagenahalli slum area for the construction of 208 DUs. · Kanteeravanagara slum area for the construction of 487DUs. · Roshan Nagara slum area for the construction of 320 DUs. · Veerabadranagar slum area for the construction of 256 DUs. Financial Progress: During this period, Rs. 133.68 crore has been released (Central and State share) and Rs. 211.63 crore has been spent, including beneficiaries share. at least 20-25 percent of Developed Land in all Housing Projects (both Public and Private Agencies) for EWS/LIG Category with System of Cross Subsidization has been implemented during this period. CASESTUDY 1: BSUP PROJECTS OF BANGALORE AND MYSORE
  18. 18. CASESTUDY 2: BSUP PROJECTS OF ODISHA JNNURM PROJECTS FOR ODISHA: 1) Four projects sanctioned for Bhubaneswar city under JNNURM. i. City bus services ii. Storm water drainage iii. Conservation of Bindusagar iv. Integrated sewer system v. BSUP project 2) Two projects for Puri under JNNURM. i. 24x7 Piped Water Supply to Puri Town ii. Storm water drainage system for Puri town Sub-Mission I (Urban Infrastructure and Governance): •Total number of projects sanctioned: 7 (2006-07: 2 nos, 2008-09: 4 nos, 2009-10: 1 nos) FUNDS: •Total project cost : Rs. 83177.65 lakh •ACA component : Rs. 65296.51 lakh •State share : Rs. 8940.57 lakh •ULB share : Rs. 8940.57 lakh SUB-MISSION II (BASIC SERVICES TO URBAN POOR): •Mission cities in Odisha : Bhubaneswar and Puri •7 years GOI allocation : Rs. 58.74 crore •No of projects sanctioned: 6 ( 4 in Bhubaneswar and 2 in Puri) •Total 2508 dwelling units ( Bhubaneswar- 2153 D.Ws, Puri- 355 DWs) with infrastructure facilities. FUND: •Total project cost: Rs. 68.00crore •ACA component: Rs. 54.27 crore •State share: Rs. 13.73 crore IMPLEMENTATION STATUS: •Out of 2508 dwelling units, work under progress for 563 units. Due to nil participation in tender even after repeated tenders, permitting NGOs to executive the works is approved. •Total Expenditure: Rs.4.27 crore (Source: http://www.urbanodisha.gov.in/) Housing plan under BSUP in Gadakan
  19. 19. CASESTUDY 2: BSUP PROJECTS OF ODISHA AIM OF THE PROJECT: TO CONSTRUCT DWELLING UNITS IN 4 SITES OF BHUBANESWAR WITH INFRASTRUCTURE FACILTIES The Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation has approved 6 projects under the Basic Services to the Urban Poor (BSUP) in Orissa (4 IN BHUBANESWAR and 2 in puri). These projects have been approved by the Central Sanctioning and Monitoring Committee and Central Sanctioning Committee. • Total project cost: 67.17 crore • Total dwelling units: 2153 dwelling units • Approved money: Central Government-48.77 crore and State Government- 18.40 crore. The total Additional Central Assistance of Rs. 12.19 crore has also been released by the Ministry of Finance. • Nodal Agencies for project: BMC and BDA. • Site Allocation for projects: Gadakan, Damana,Chandrasekharpur, Nayapali, Bharatpur and Dumdama. Housing under BSUP in Gadakan Housing under BSUP in Damana (Source: www.sparcnirman.org/.../BSUP)
  20. 20. BSUP PROJECT TIMELINE IN BHUBANESWAR CASESTUDY 2: BSUP PROJECTS OF ODISHA- BHUBANESWAR CITY BSUP PROJECT SANCTIONED *Source: MoHUPA Progress Table, Jan 2012
  21. 21. CASESTUDY 2: BSUP PROJECTS OF ODISHA- BHUBANESWAR CITY CURRENT STATUS: ONLY 34% OF TOTAL AMOUNT HAS BEEN RELEASED STATUS OF FINANCIAL PROGRESS OF BSUP IN BHUBANESWAR APPROVED MONEY BY: GOI 72% STATE 17.1% ULB 4.8% PEOPLE 5.3% *Source: NTAG STUDY
  22. 22. CURRENT STATUS: 60% of dwelling units sanctioned are ongoing, 31% complete STATUS OF DWELLING UNITS CONSTRUCTION IN BHUBANESWAR UNDER BSUP CASESTUDY 2: BSUP PROJECTS OF ODISHA- BHUBANESWAR CITY *Source: NTAG STUDY
  23. 23. Cities which is in lack of basic services for urban poor is creating unhygienic conditions. So BSUP helped urban poor to have basic services like housing units, water supply, sanitation, education, health facilities etc., From government. This will improvise the living conditions of urban poor and will help to stop the growth of informal settlements inside the city. If government would able to finance basic services for all urban poor in cities under BSUP, slums will get vanished from cities and everyone can have better living conditions CONCLUSION
  24. 24. MINISTRY OF HOUSING AND URBAN POVERTY ALLEVIATION MODIFIED GUIDELINES FOR SUB-MISSION ON BASIC SERVICES TO THE URBAN POOR (BSUP) Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) NTAG STUDY, Society for the Promotion of Area Resource Centres (SPARC)-mumbai DEVELOPMENT OF BASIC SERVICES FOR URBAN POOR (BSUP) FUND IN URBAN LOCAL BODIES , Centre for Good Governance Hyderabad Urban development department, Odisha Foisting mass housing on the poor: lessons from social audit of BSUP , Darshini mahadevia, abijit datey, aseem http://www.kudumbashree.org/?q=bsup http://jnnurmmis.nic.in/jnnurm_hupa/jnnurm/Jnnurm_Ray_AHP_Progress_Report/City-wise_BSUP.pdf http://clpoa.in/ http://vinaykumarsorake.blogspot.in/2016/06/basic-services-to-urban-poor-bsup.html REFERENCES

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check out the details about indian government scheme BSUP

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