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Irina Safitri Zen, PhD - RCE Iskandar, Malaysia
1Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Built Environment, ...
Voluntary Low Carbon Commitment
Malaysia Commitment
Speech by YAB Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak, Prime Minister
“… Malaysia i...
Iskandar Malaysia – a Sustainable Metropolis
a new economic region
Low Carbon Society
is a new society that consumes relat...
Living Lab – narrow definition
• Emerging in late 1990s, the development of
Living Labs has been used to test new
technolo...
LIVING LAB CONCEPT
“Physical regions or virtual realities where stakeholders form
public-private-people partnerships (4Ps)...
UTM Sustainable Campus - UTM Kampus Lestari
Healthy, Happy & Sustainable Lifestyle
MOTO UTM Sustainable Campus – ‘Empoweri...
TRANSFORMATIVE
APPROACH
STRATEGICALLY.
(Evans 1999)
CAMPUS LIVING LAB FRAMEWORK
i. Teaching, Learning and Training
• Problem Base Learning Approach to
encourage multi- inter and trans
disciplinary appro...
CONTEXTUALISATION OF CAMPUS
LIVING LAB
• Considering the various partnership develop during the UTM CS initiative,
we deve...
2 Link : Sustainability in Curricullum
160 Subject
Code Subject
SEBP 3253 Environmental Studies
UKA 2022
Sustainable Devel...
Research Process
The analysis framework based on
the five dimensions of sustainability
incorporation
10 Faculties and Scho...
Findings
UTM-UG
Social
Economic
Environmental
Findings
UTM-PG
Social
Economic
Environmental
ii. Campus Operation
• Aims to minimize the environmental effect of campus operation by
maximizing its function to support...
1 Link : Reserach & Operation
The first Campus Carbon Footprint in Malaysia.
Source of Emission Carbon Emission (MTCO2)
El...
iii. Research and Development
• Contributes to various research
theme or complex issue of
dynamic interaction human and
en...
UTMHighlights :
• UTM grand project entitled 'A One Stop
Centre for Sustainable Energy
Management' was announced Winner of...
BANNER
ENERGY SAVING CAMPAIGN
ENERGY
MANAGEMENT
WORKING
PROCEDURE
VERSION 3.0
Green Office
GreenOffice
Sustainable
Composting
From FORK to FARM
VOLUNTERISM SPIRIT : Kelab Eko-
Lestari
Kempen Arked Lestari
UTM Solar PV Electrical
Vehicle Charging Station
versus Cycling
iv. Community and Industry
Engagement (CIE)
• Considering the Living labs as an open innovation and user
innovation, it cr...
Centre for Community and Industry Network
(CNN) – Ministry of Education
• Aims to enhance university-community-industry
co...
LINKING - Government and Academia
Low Carbon Cities Framework (LCCF)
2012 - 2014
• As Strategic Partner to develop a model...
UTM LCCF :
BEST PRACTICE 3 2014
RCE Iskandar
• Coordinator: Prof Dr Ho Chin Siong
(Universiti Teknologi Malaysia,
UTM)
• Coordinator: Mr Boyd Joeman
(Iska...
Action Names Themes
1 Integrated Green Transportation
GREEN ECONOMY
2 Green Industry
3 Low Carbon Urban Governance
4 Green...
Iskandar Malaysia Eco-Life Challenge
Awarded Outstanding Flagship Project
(Climate Change) 2015 Global RCE Network
Iskandar Malaysia Eco-Life Challenge
The Iskandar Malaysia Eco-Life Challenge (IMELC)
• Collaborative effort by UTM, IRDA ...
Problem-Based Learning for LCS
As a continuation of IMELC, for secondary school students,
• Problem-Based Learning (PBL) a...
Sustainable & Low Carbon School Exhibition
This exhibition is organised by UTM in collaboration with JPNJ to give recognit...
Responsible Tourism Development &
Biodiversity Conservation
Iskandar Malaysia is committed to going green in terms of tour...
Low Carbon Village Felda Taib Andak
The Low carbon community programme incorporates the Low Carbon Lifestyle in a village ...
UTM CS
INSTITUTIONAL
LINKAGES
Organized by International College &
LESTARI UKM cooperation with Ministry
of Higher Education & KeTTHA .
Runner Up Presen...
CONCLUSION
HEI PLAY IMPORTANT ROLE IN DOWNSCALING THE
GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERN - CLIMATE
CHANGE CHALLENGE & NATION’S G...
Transformative Education in RCE
Iskandar – Role of Non State Actor
As part of societal learning process, there are several...
Multi-level Implementation of Low Carbon Initiative
Living Lab Approach: Transformative and Integratve Climate Eductaion Initiatives in Iskandar, Malaysia, Irina Safitri Zen
Living Lab Approach: Transformative and Integratve Climate Eductaion Initiatives in Iskandar, Malaysia, Irina Safitri Zen
Living Lab Approach: Transformative and Integratve Climate Eductaion Initiatives in Iskandar, Malaysia, Irina Safitri Zen
Living Lab Approach: Transformative and Integratve Climate Eductaion Initiatives in Iskandar, Malaysia, Irina Safitri Zen
Living Lab Approach: Transformative and Integratve Climate Eductaion Initiatives in Iskandar, Malaysia, Irina Safitri Zen
Living Lab Approach: Transformative and Integratve Climate Eductaion Initiatives in Iskandar, Malaysia, Irina Safitri Zen
Living Lab Approach: Transformative and Integratve Climate Eductaion Initiatives in Iskandar, Malaysia, Irina Safitri Zen
Living Lab Approach: Transformative and Integratve Climate Eductaion Initiatives in Iskandar, Malaysia, Irina Safitri Zen
Living Lab Approach: Transformative and Integratve Climate Eductaion Initiatives in Iskandar, Malaysia, Irina Safitri Zen
Living Lab Approach: Transformative and Integratve Climate Eductaion Initiatives in Iskandar, Malaysia, Irina Safitri Zen
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Living Lab Approach: Transformative and Integratve Climate Eductaion Initiatives in Iskandar, Malaysia, Irina Safitri Zen

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10th Global RCE Conference, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

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Living Lab Approach: Transformative and Integratve Climate Eductaion Initiatives in Iskandar, Malaysia, Irina Safitri Zen

  1. 1. Irina Safitri Zen, PhD - RCE Iskandar, Malaysia 1Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Built Environment, 2Institute Sultan Iskandar (ISI), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 811310 Skudai, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia. (irinasafitri@utm.my) Living Lab Approach : Transformative and Integrative Climate Education Initiatives in Iskandar Malaysia
  2. 2. Voluntary Low Carbon Commitment Malaysia Commitment Speech by YAB Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak, Prime Minister “… Malaysia is proposed a voluntary reduction up to 40% in terms of carbon emission intensity of GDP by the year 2020 compared to 2005 levels.” 17th December 2009. 45% by 2030 – PARIS COP 22 Global Citizens + Responsibilities For the Earth, for our future generation Green Sustainability as New Consumer - Sustainable Culture, New Market, New Growth Money Saving Energy conservation and renewable energy
  3. 3. Iskandar Malaysia – a Sustainable Metropolis a new economic region Low Carbon Society is a new society that consumes relatively low amounts of resources (raw materials, energy and water) in minimising GHG emissions to avoid adverse effects of climate change (Skea and Nishioka 2008).
  4. 4. Living Lab – narrow definition • Emerging in late 1990s, the development of Living Labs has been used to test new technologies in a designed home-like constructed environment • a TEST BED. • Used as a mechanism to innovate technology and organizations for practical purposes (Veeckman, Schuurman, Leminen, & Westerlund, 2013, Almirall, Lee, & Wareham, 2012, Schliwa, 2013).
  5. 5. LIVING LAB CONCEPT “Physical regions or virtual realities where stakeholders form public-private-people partnerships (4Ps) of firms, public agencies, universities, institutes and users, all collaborating for creation, prototyping, validating and testing of new technologies, services, products and systems in real-life contexts” (Westerlund and Leminen 2011). • This definition has broadened the living lab as a potential platform for partnership with other stakeholder in creating and developing the product, transforming the organization and creating open innovative environment.
  6. 6. UTM Sustainable Campus - UTM Kampus Lestari Healthy, Happy & Sustainable Lifestyle MOTO UTM Sustainable Campus – ‘Empowering Sustainable Culture’.
  7. 7. TRANSFORMATIVE APPROACH STRATEGICALLY. (Evans 1999)
  8. 8. CAMPUS LIVING LAB FRAMEWORK
  9. 9. i. Teaching, Learning and Training • Problem Base Learning Approach to encourage multi- inter and trans disciplinary approach. • SDG 2030, Goal No. 4 Education for All (EFA) – students, academic and non academic staff. • Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) : environment, learning outcomes and societal transformation. • Pedagogy and learning environment requires the teaching and learning design as an interactive, action-oriented and transformative learning. • ‘Approach’ – LL approach that stimulate the inclusive part of sustainability teaching and learning.
  10. 10. CONTEXTUALISATION OF CAMPUS LIVING LAB • Considering the various partnership develop during the UTM CS initiative, we develop bigger framework based on Evans framework of campus living lab. Current research is under the collaborative research of UTM LTU, Malaysia Research University Network (MRUN) and Australia Research University (IRU). • Mechanism to translate the sustainable development (SD) agenda in IHE – Global Consideration; • Translate the Malaysia Educational Blueprint – Higher Education (MEB HE) • Provides a platform for the campus society involving in co-design and co- implementation of creative ideas of innovation to be adopted in order to translate the SD agenda; • Allows the co-creation of knowledge and conceptualization innovation as the collaborative development. • LL has two potential functions; as a test bed or passive users and active user where specific teaching and learning method required.
  11. 11. 2 Link : Sustainability in Curricullum 160 Subject Code Subject SEBP 3253 Environmental Studies UKA 2022 Sustainable Development and Community UK Community Service Learning SBEP 2413 Community Planning & Housing SBEP 2813 Regional & Rural Planning SBEP 2572 Sustainable Transportation SBEP 2622 Introduction to Environmental Economics SBEP 2652 Tourism Planning 1 SBEP 2713 Urban Design SBEP 2632 Environmental Planning & Management SBEP 2822 Rural Settlements SBEP 3262 Planning Legislation SBEP 3642 Environmental Planning Workshop Code Subject SBEA 2713 Environment Science & Sustainability (Elective) SBEQ 2852 Sustainable Construction SBEQ 4853 Land & Urban Economics SBEL1592 Environmental Psychology & Socio- Culture SBEL 2425 Recreation and Park Design SBEL2552 Ethnobotany Plant Materials SBEL2435 Urban Landscape Design SBEL2602 Heritage Landscape & Conservation SBEL3445 Landscape Resource Planning SBEL1682 Environmental Physics SBEL2722 Resource Planning & Management SKKK 3413 Environmental Engineering & Sustainability Postgraduate Course Code Subject MBW 2183 Environmental Resource Planning MQT 1563 Environmental Bioengineering MLA Master of Environmental Engineering
  12. 12. Research Process The analysis framework based on the five dimensions of sustainability incorporation 10 Faculties and School 17 UG engineering programs 38 PG engineering programs Reviewed Theme Model Orientation Approach Component Dimensions of sustainability incorporation in engineering curricula >1200 Engineering courses
  13. 13. Findings UTM-UG Social Economic Environmental
  14. 14. Findings UTM-PG Social Economic Environmental
  15. 15. ii. Campus Operation • Aims to minimize the environmental effect of campus operation by maximizing its function to support applied teaching and research on sustainability; • low carbon campus community • Enhance Internal Collaboration : academics and the campus internal stakeholders (administrative and technical staff) : to create socio- techno application of implementable and innovative research in campus – trans disciplinary approach. • For Example : Sustainable Arcade, Green office and Sustainable Energy Management Program (SEMP). Certified energy manager in campus has a test bed the Energy Monitoring Billing System that helps the university to monitor their electricity monthly bills across the faculties - Sustainable Energy Management Program (SEMP).
  16. 16. 1 Link : Reserach & Operation The first Campus Carbon Footprint in Malaysia. Source of Emission Carbon Emission (MTCO2) Electricity 64,393 Transportation 16,396 Solid Waste Disposal 1,789 Total 82,578 Three Main Source of Carbon Emission in UTM : 1.Electricity 2.Transportation 3.Solid Waste Generation So, What is NEXT?
  17. 17. iii. Research and Development • Contributes to various research theme or complex issue of dynamic interaction human and environment. • Requires inter- and trans- disciplinary approach • Issue/ Problem based approach in order the student and researcher operationalize it in campus environment. • From Class Room to Campus in a real context.
  18. 18. UTMHighlights : • UTM grand project entitled 'A One Stop Centre for Sustainable Energy Management' was announced Winner of 'ASEAN Energy Award 2012 in Sep 2012 – Large Building Category' by ASEAN Centre for Energy (ACE) • UTM is the only university in ASEAN that holds the 2 star Asean Energy Management Accreditation Scheme (AEMAS) Energy Management Gold Standard – awarde on 29 Jan, 2013. • UTM was the first organisation who has trained 30 of its staff as Certified Energy Managers • grand project entitled 'A One Stop Centre for Sustainable Energy Management' was announced Winner of 'ASEAN Energy Award 2012 in Sep 2012 – Large Building Category' by ASEAN Centre for Energy (ACE) • UTM is the only university in ASEAN that UTM Achievement 2010-June 2013 highlights RM4.88 million electric bill reduction 16.5 Mega kWh reduction (benchmark year 2009)
  19. 19. BANNER ENERGY SAVING CAMPAIGN
  20. 20. ENERGY MANAGEMENT WORKING PROCEDURE VERSION 3.0
  21. 21. Green Office
  22. 22. GreenOffice
  23. 23. Sustainable
  24. 24. Composting From FORK to FARM
  25. 25. VOLUNTERISM SPIRIT : Kelab Eko- Lestari Kempen Arked Lestari
  26. 26. UTM Solar PV Electrical Vehicle Charging Station versus Cycling
  27. 27. iv. Community and Industry Engagement (CIE) • Considering the Living labs as an open innovation and user innovation, it creates a platform for collaboration with bigger and various actor or stakeholder. • A form of collaboration such as public-private-people partnerships (4Ps), helps in operationalize the firms, public agencies, universities, institutes and users. By definition, the partnership provide co-creation of initiatives that benefits multi parties which shared same goals.
  28. 28. Centre for Community and Industry Network (CNN) – Ministry of Education • Aims to enhance university-community-industry collaborations by engaging the University’s academic resources in the enrichment of civic and community life in Malaysia. • It connects students, faculty, and community organizations together in a collaborative and innovative process that translates academic knowledge into civic responsibility to promote positive social change
  29. 29. LINKING - Government and Academia Low Carbon Cities Framework (LCCF) 2012 - 2014 • As Strategic Partner to develop a model of Low Carbon Campus Model (Living Lab Approach) • Research & operation data (OAD UTM). • Using LCCF & Assessment System (indirect approach). • Using remote sensing approach (direct approach) • Consist of 4 elements; environment, building, transport and infrastructures. • Classification of Low Carbon Cities
  30. 30. UTM LCCF : BEST PRACTICE 3 2014
  31. 31. RCE Iskandar • Coordinator: Prof Dr Ho Chin Siong (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, UTM) • Coordinator: Mr Boyd Joeman (Iskandar Regional Development Agency, IRDA) Key Projects Agencies 1. Iskandar Malaysia Eco- Life Challenge UTM, IRDA, JPNJ, Industry 2. Eco-Tourism Village Kampung Sungai Melayu, IRDA, Kawan Iskandar Malaysia 3. Low Carbon Village FELDA Taib Andak FELDA Taib Andak, IRDA, UTM 4. Problem-Based Learning on LCS UTM, JPNJ, JICA 5. Sustainable & Low Carbon School Exhibition UTM, IRDA, JPNJ, SWCorp, DoE, MNS, GES, Industry
  32. 32. Action Names Themes 1 Integrated Green Transportation GREEN ECONOMY 2 Green Industry 3 Low Carbon Urban Governance 4 Green Buildings & Construction 5 Green Energy System & Renewable Energy 6 Low Carbon Lifestyle ** GREEN COMMUNITY7 Community Engagement & Consensus Building 8 Walkable, Safe, Livable City Design GREEN ENVIRONMENT 9 Smart Growth 10 Green and Blue Infrastructure & Rural Resources 11 Sustainable Waste Management 12 Clean Air Environment • The LCSBPIM2025 – a quick reference for all policy-makers in both public & private sectors; • 12 Actions grouped in 3 parts: (Green Economy), (Green Community) & Green Environment) • 281 programmes. • Each Chapter contains an analysis, list of programmes & the GHG emission reductions; • IRDA launched the LCSBPIM2025 on 30 Nov 2012 at the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Doha, Qatar. The ultimate goal is to reduce Iskandar Malaysia’s carbon intensity emissions by 50% by 2025. • The Blueprint was subsequently endorsed by the Prime Minister of Malaysia in Dec 2012. • Implementation of the 281 programmes started in Jan 2013. • 25 programmes implemented so far (June 2016) Low Carbon Society Blueprint for Iskandar Malaysia 2025 (LCSBPIM 2025) **Community programme implementation is under Action 6: Low Carbon Lifestyle
  33. 33. Iskandar Malaysia Eco-Life Challenge Awarded Outstanding Flagship Project (Climate Change) 2015 Global RCE Network
  34. 34. Iskandar Malaysia Eco-Life Challenge The Iskandar Malaysia Eco-Life Challenge (IMELC) • Collaborative effort by UTM, IRDA and JPNJ under the SATREPS project in 2013 • to educate primary school students on Low Carbon Society (LCS). • After 3 years, the project has now been implemented to all 228 primary schools in RCE Iskandar which covers about 28,000 students every year. • This project is awarded the Outstanding Flagship Project 2015 (Climate Change) by UNU-AIS under the RCE Global Network. • The project has 3 Modules : i. Students to complete a workbook which contains knowledge dissemination on climate change and LCS, behaviour survey of the students, household accounting activities and student reflection on carbon emission. ii. Students to carry out activities to reduce their house and school utility bills and collect recycling items. iii. Choose the best 15 schools to compete in a final oral presentation where the winner team received a study trip to Kyoto, Japan to learn more on climate change actions and LCS.
  35. 35. Problem-Based Learning for LCS As a continuation of IMELC, for secondary school students, • Problem-Based Learning (PBL) approach is implemented to Form 2 students to learn about LCS. • It is an issue/ problem based approach which require an interdisciplinary approach e.g. education, environmental studies, waste management, energy, sustainability • JICA is funding this project to develop more human capital on LCS in Iskandar Malaysia. • The project is led by UTM in collaboration with the Johor State Education Department (JPNJ). Student trained to use PBL and they design problems for the students to learn about LCS. The problems are designed in 3 stages with increasing level of difficulty and dependency of the students towards the teachers as PBL is to equip students with the soft skills to acquire knowledge themselves and promote life-long learning which are lacking at many exam-oriented schools in Malaysia. The students will present their solution to the local community through PIBG and PIBK (similar to PTA) to bring authentic learning environment to school students and help disseminate the awareness of LCS to the public.
  36. 36. Sustainable & Low Carbon School Exhibition This exhibition is organised by UTM in collaboration with JPNJ to give recognition to schools that have put in many efforts to promote climate change and education for sustainable development (ESD) especially LCS. In this exhibition, schools presented their green efforts and they are judged and awarded based on their activities and projects related to ESD. During the exhibition, talks and workshops were organised for school students and public to learn about SD and LCS which involved speakers from the governmental agencies, NGO and academia. More than 500 participants visited the exhibition.
  37. 37. Responsible Tourism Development & Biodiversity Conservation Iskandar Malaysia is committed to going green in terms of tourism development in Iskandar Malaysia. The overall theme is eco-tourism under the label of 'Responsible Tourism' by involving businesses, agencies and esp. local communities in developing and promoting tourism under 4 main objectives: 1. Biodiversity conservation 2. Environmental education 3. Community-led projects 4. Promotion of a strong and resilient local economy Kawan Iskandar Malaysia (KIM) project is one of the social development programmes that involve communities in Iskandar Malaysia. Its aim to improve the income of low and medium income group Eco-tourism is part of the KIM project for example eco-tourism activity in Kg Sg Melayu and Kg Kong Kong Laut. Boat ride, fishing, bird-watching, sharing experience in catching fish, net- mending.
  38. 38. Low Carbon Village Felda Taib Andak The Low carbon community programme incorporates the Low Carbon Lifestyle in a village community such as practice of energy saving, 3-Rs (reduce, reuse and recycle), creation of green products and others as a form of low carbon mitigation measures. This low carbon community is one of the strategies to guide the local communities at FELDA Taib Andak on journey to low carbon lifestyle living. The LCS Low Carbon Eco-Village programme was initiated by UTM, IRDA and the Japanese partners of the SATREPS project in 2012 and several programmes that was carried out included composting, 3R awareness and competition, planting of bamboo trees, provisional of pedestrian path and cycling activity. The LCS team with the local communities revisited the low carbon Eco-village programme in December 2014 whereby the communities of FELDA Taib Andak agreed to carry out new activities that are in line with the focus on economic inclusions in all the LCS programme. The economic inclusion is crucial in order to sustain the green community for FELDA Taib Andak.
  39. 39. UTM CS INSTITUTIONAL LINKAGES
  40. 40. Organized by International College & LESTARI UKM cooperation with Ministry of Higher Education & KeTTHA . Runner Up Presentation of Sustainable Campus Initiatives : Sustainable Arcade. Develop Young Sustainability Leadership & Community Outreach
  41. 41. CONCLUSION HEI PLAY IMPORTANT ROLE IN DOWNSCALING THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERN - CLIMATE CHANGE CHALLENGE & NATION’S GOAL ON LOW CARBON EMISSION AT THE INSTITUTIONAL LEVEL. TOP – BOTTOM APPROACH
  42. 42. Transformative Education in RCE Iskandar – Role of Non State Actor As part of societal learning process, there are several transformative education approach taking place in IM : i. UTM CS as a DEMO SITE for climate initiative concerning National agenda to minimize carbon emission; ii. Implementing the living lab approach as a mode of 4Ps collaborative iii. Facilitating the FGD, a participatory approach during the development of LCSBP- IM. iv. Setting up the GHG reduction target for IM followed by the continous monitoring tools for LAs to measures the GHG reductions. v. Kawan Iskandar Malaysia or Friends of IM - business enterprise, government agencies and local communities involves in Responsible Ecotourism. vi. The LCS Low Carbon Eco-village – educate the village on LCS lifestyle e.g. practice of energy saving, 3-Rs (reduce, reuse and recycle), creation of green products, composting, planting of bamboo trees, provisional of pedestrian path and cycling activity. vii. IMELC – Iskandar Malaysia Eco-Life Challenge (UTM & Johor State Education Department) : involves primary and secondary school students, Problem-Based Learning (PBL) learn about CC as part of the ESD.
  43. 43. Multi-level Implementation of Low Carbon Initiative

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