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A introduction the the concept of globalization and its many facets for Global Geography 12.

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  2. 2. Interdependence: <ul><li>dynamic of being mutually responsible to and sharing a common set of principles with others. </li></ul><ul><li>ie. Advances in technology, Global Village, the need for everyday items </li></ul>
  3. 3. Interconnectedness: <ul><li>To be involved with each other , often in very complex ways </li></ul><ul><li>ie. water cycle, oxygen cycle, food chain </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is Globalization? <ul><li>The trend toward greater interconnectedness of the world’s systems. </li></ul><ul><li>It can be described as a process by which the people of the world are unified into a single society and function together. </li></ul>
  5. 5. What does Globalization mean? <ul><li>To some it means: </li></ul><ul><li>A global village where everyone is linked by the latest advances in technology </li></ul><ul><li>The reason a local factory shuts down only to reopen thousands of kilometers away (why?) </li></ul><ul><li>Destruction of local cultures and weakening of traditional beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>Why do views vary so greatly? </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Globalization is an ongoing, evolving process. Its ultimate impacts are as of yet unclear. </li></ul><ul><li>There is NOT one form of globalization. Each will occur separately or in combination with another. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Financial Globalization <ul><li>World ‘s financial systems are intimately interconnected – affect each other in a wave pattern </li></ul><ul><li>New York Tokyo & Hong Kong Europe New York </li></ul>
  8. 8. Economic Globalization <ul><li>Past = corporation in 1 country </li></ul><ul><li>Present = integrated operation around the world </li></ul><ul><li>Support = efficiency and greater global wealth </li></ul><ul><li>Opposed = only increases the difference between country’s, creates more power and influence </li></ul>
  9. 9. Cultural Globalization <ul><li>Gradual harmonization of cultures instead of distinct local cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Ie. Someone in India eating a donair and watching the Simpsons on HD TV </li></ul><ul><li>Opposed - world culture = </li></ul><ul><li>American culture </li></ul>
  10. 10. Technological Globalization <ul><li>Global Village = Technological Globalization </li></ul><ul><li>Process not a destination </li></ul>
  11. 11. Political Globalization <ul><li>Adoption of uniform policies </li></ul><ul><li>Ie. NATO (Canada, USA and Mexico) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Ecological Globalization <ul><li>Single ecosystem working together </li></ul><ul><li>Ozone depletion = Montreal Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>- Treaty to reduce the amount of ozone depletion in the atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>Global warming = Kyoto Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>- Treaty to address the amount of CO₂ entering the atmosphere </li></ul>
  13. 13. Sociological Globalization <ul><li>Members of a single world society rather than individual and distinct nations </li></ul><ul><li>Common attitudes and behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>- morality of capital punishment </li></ul><ul><li>- role of women in society </li></ul><ul><li>- sexual orientation </li></ul><ul><li>- right to practice religion </li></ul>
  14. 14. Geographical Globalization <ul><li>Past = world in terms of 1 country (borders) </li></ul><ul><li>Present = borderless world with many </li></ul><ul><li>relationships </li></ul>