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Hafsah Zafar
Lecturer, Department of English
Language and Literature
The University of Faisalabad

 Psychology
 Language
 Literature
 Connective Link
Different Terms Involved

 Authors give vent to their feelings through language
 Language becomes a source of expression of their
psychology in terms of literature
 Language contributes to the interpretation of the
thoughts in literature
 In this way language and literature are inter-
connected
Importance of Language
In Literature Via
Language

 Stream of Consciousness
 Descriptive Approach towards Society (Descriptive
Psychology)
 Inclusion of Past with reference to present
Involvement of Psychology
Stream of Consciousness
The thoughts of which we are aware of at the present
moment.

 Stream of consciousness is a style or technique of
writing that tries to capture the natural flow of a
character's extended thought process, often by
incorporating sensory impressions, incomplete ideas,
unusual syntax, and rough grammar.
Stream of Consciousness

Understanding Stream
of Consciousness
 Stream of consciousness
writing allows readers to
“listen in” on
a character's thoughts.
 It’s the use of LANGUAGE
in an unconventional way to
mimic the complicated
“streaming” nature of the
“conscious” thoughts as they
unfold in mind (thus "stream
of consciousness").
Descriptive Psychology
Describing or depicting the behaviors, feelings and
thoughts of the people in literature.

 Descriptive Psychology explicates the Person
Concept as the fundamental structure of the
behavioral sciences.
 The Person Concept is a single, coherent concept
which involves the interrelated concepts of
Individual Person, Behavior, Language and World.
 Descriptive Psychology establishes rules of
construction, composition and relationship that
articulate how these concepts are interconnected
Descriptive Psychology

 Under the umbrella of psychoanalysis Sigmund
Freud gave the idea of the 3 parts of human mind:
 Conscious
 Unconscious/Preconscious
 Subconscious
How it is Incorporated
in Writing?

Other Related Concepts
Id Ego Super Ego

 These aspects of psychology are involved in
literature and the authors make a skillful use
of LANGUAGE to describe the psychology of
the characters of literature.
Connective Link
Inclusion of Past
A life-line of the continuation of thought from past to
present.

 Past is included and represented in literature. This
concept is introduced by a psychoanalyst Carl
Gaustav Jung who was the student of Freud.
 He gave the concept of Psychic Remnants in the
psychological makeup of human beings.
 These are the inherited thoughts which we share
with our ancestors.
Inclusion of Past

 Psychic remnants are named as ‘Archetypes’ in Carl
Gustav Jung’s “Theory of Collective Unconscious”.
 These are the original, inherited patterns and images
repeating again and again in literature.
 For example: the superstitious concepts (black cat,
broken mirror)
Psychic Remnants

 Self
 Shadow
 Persona
 Scapegoat
 The Innocent
 Colors (Blue, Black,
Red, White)
Some Archetypes

 Past is merged with present and
beautifully interweaved in the fabric of
literature via LANGUAGE
 This makes a difference between an
Archetype and the Archetypal Image
Past Merged with Present

Work of
Literature
•Archetypes
•Archetypal Images
Archetypes
•References of past ideas
•Inhabited thoughts
Archetypal
Images
•Inclusion of Present
•Individual Interpretation
Difference Between Archetype
and Archetypal Image

 Any piece of literature shows the thoughts and
psychological flow in one way or the other.
 These psychological elements are the same as we
may also feel like occurring in our daily life.
Conclusion
Psychology connective link between language and literature
Psychology connective link between language and literature

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Psychology connective link between language and literature

  • 1.
  • 2. Hafsah Zafar Lecturer, Department of English Language and Literature The University of Faisalabad
  • 3.   Psychology  Language  Literature  Connective Link Different Terms Involved
  • 4.   Authors give vent to their feelings through language  Language becomes a source of expression of their psychology in terms of literature  Language contributes to the interpretation of the thoughts in literature  In this way language and literature are inter- connected Importance of Language
  • 6.   Stream of Consciousness  Descriptive Approach towards Society (Descriptive Psychology)  Inclusion of Past with reference to present Involvement of Psychology
  • 7. Stream of Consciousness The thoughts of which we are aware of at the present moment.
  • 8.   Stream of consciousness is a style or technique of writing that tries to capture the natural flow of a character's extended thought process, often by incorporating sensory impressions, incomplete ideas, unusual syntax, and rough grammar. Stream of Consciousness
  • 9.  Understanding Stream of Consciousness  Stream of consciousness writing allows readers to “listen in” on a character's thoughts.  It’s the use of LANGUAGE in an unconventional way to mimic the complicated “streaming” nature of the “conscious” thoughts as they unfold in mind (thus "stream of consciousness").
  • 10.
  • 11.
  • 12. Descriptive Psychology Describing or depicting the behaviors, feelings and thoughts of the people in literature.
  • 13.   Descriptive Psychology explicates the Person Concept as the fundamental structure of the behavioral sciences.  The Person Concept is a single, coherent concept which involves the interrelated concepts of Individual Person, Behavior, Language and World.  Descriptive Psychology establishes rules of construction, composition and relationship that articulate how these concepts are interconnected Descriptive Psychology
  • 14.   Under the umbrella of psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud gave the idea of the 3 parts of human mind:  Conscious  Unconscious/Preconscious  Subconscious How it is Incorporated in Writing?
  • 15.
  • 17.   These aspects of psychology are involved in literature and the authors make a skillful use of LANGUAGE to describe the psychology of the characters of literature. Connective Link
  • 18. Inclusion of Past A life-line of the continuation of thought from past to present.
  • 19.   Past is included and represented in literature. This concept is introduced by a psychoanalyst Carl Gaustav Jung who was the student of Freud.  He gave the concept of Psychic Remnants in the psychological makeup of human beings.  These are the inherited thoughts which we share with our ancestors. Inclusion of Past
  • 20.   Psychic remnants are named as ‘Archetypes’ in Carl Gustav Jung’s “Theory of Collective Unconscious”.  These are the original, inherited patterns and images repeating again and again in literature.  For example: the superstitious concepts (black cat, broken mirror) Psychic Remnants
  • 21.   Self  Shadow  Persona  Scapegoat  The Innocent  Colors (Blue, Black, Red, White) Some Archetypes
  • 22.   Past is merged with present and beautifully interweaved in the fabric of literature via LANGUAGE  This makes a difference between an Archetype and the Archetypal Image Past Merged with Present
  • 23.  Work of Literature •Archetypes •Archetypal Images Archetypes •References of past ideas •Inhabited thoughts Archetypal Images •Inclusion of Present •Individual Interpretation Difference Between Archetype and Archetypal Image
  • 24.   Any piece of literature shows the thoughts and psychological flow in one way or the other.  These psychological elements are the same as we may also feel like occurring in our daily life. Conclusion