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 Epic
A long narrative poem, with an elevated topic and
very beautified and bombastic language, dealing with a
very high theme.
Paradise Lost by John Milton
 Mock-epic
A mockery on epic format with a trivial
topic and theme but very beautified and bombastic
language.
The Rape of the Lock by Alexander Pope
 Elegy
Generally speaking, it is a sad song. It is formal lament
on the death of someone.
 For Example
In Memory of W. B. Yeats, by W. H. Auden
 Ode
It is a poem in which there is an address to some non-
living or absent thing (mostly there is a praise of that thing)
 For Example
Keats’ Ode to Nightingale
Ode to Grecian Urn
Ode to Autumn
 A fourteen lined poem with different rhyming schemes
(differing on account of separate types)
 Types of Sonnets
 Petrarchan Sonnet (Italian Sonnet)
Named after the originator of this form, Petrarch. It is
also known as Italian sonnet as Petrarch belonged to Italy. 14
lines of the poem are divided into two parts: Octave or Octet
with eight lines having the rhyming scheme “abba abba” and
Sestet with six lines having a rhyming scheme “cdc cdc” changed
into “cde cde”
 Shakespearian Sonnet (English Sonnet)
Named English Sonnet as it was the first form
differing from Italian structure of the poem. Also called Shakespearian
Sonnet because he was the person to introduce this new structure:
The 14 lines of the poem divided into 3 quatrains (4 lined stanza) and
1 couplet (2 lined stanza) having the rhyming scheme “abab cdcd efef
gg”.
 Spenserian Sonnet (Linked Rhyme)
It is having the same division of 14 lines; 3 quatrains
and 1 couplet. The change is in the rhyming scheme. As the name
suggests it is having a chained or a linked rhyme “abab bcbc cdcd ee”

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Types of poetry

  • 1.
  • 2.  Epic A long narrative poem, with an elevated topic and very beautified and bombastic language, dealing with a very high theme. Paradise Lost by John Milton  Mock-epic A mockery on epic format with a trivial topic and theme but very beautified and bombastic language. The Rape of the Lock by Alexander Pope
  • 3.  Elegy Generally speaking, it is a sad song. It is formal lament on the death of someone.  For Example In Memory of W. B. Yeats, by W. H. Auden  Ode It is a poem in which there is an address to some non- living or absent thing (mostly there is a praise of that thing)  For Example Keats’ Ode to Nightingale Ode to Grecian Urn Ode to Autumn
  • 4.  A fourteen lined poem with different rhyming schemes (differing on account of separate types)  Types of Sonnets  Petrarchan Sonnet (Italian Sonnet) Named after the originator of this form, Petrarch. It is also known as Italian sonnet as Petrarch belonged to Italy. 14 lines of the poem are divided into two parts: Octave or Octet with eight lines having the rhyming scheme “abba abba” and Sestet with six lines having a rhyming scheme “cdc cdc” changed into “cde cde”
  • 5.  Shakespearian Sonnet (English Sonnet) Named English Sonnet as it was the first form differing from Italian structure of the poem. Also called Shakespearian Sonnet because he was the person to introduce this new structure: The 14 lines of the poem divided into 3 quatrains (4 lined stanza) and 1 couplet (2 lined stanza) having the rhyming scheme “abab cdcd efef gg”.  Spenserian Sonnet (Linked Rhyme) It is having the same division of 14 lines; 3 quatrains and 1 couplet. The change is in the rhyming scheme. As the name suggests it is having a chained or a linked rhyme “abab bcbc cdcd ee”